biofilm Articles

  • Biofilm Processes

    The biofilm process is a process which uses a biofilm for the purposes of filtration, bioremediation or barrier formation. A biofilm is a complex and heterogeneous matrix of microorganisms attatched to and growing on a surface. Biofilms are most often found on solid substrates that are exposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mathematical modelling of biofilms and biofilm reactors for engineering design

    Mathematical models are critical to modern environmental biotechnology—both in research and in the engineering practice. Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) simulators are used by consulting engineers and WWTP operators when planning, designing, optimizing, and evaluating the unit processes that comprise municipal and industrial WWTPs. Many WWTP simulators have been expanded to include a submerged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Effective dispersion in channelled biofilms

    Heterogeneous biofilms may arise because of non-uniform biofilm growth. When considering multiple-scale problems involving biofilms, a direct simulation of the flow in the heterogeneous biofilm is not tractable. This calls for an averaged description of the flow and transport in such heterogeneous biofilms. This paper presents a theoretical derivation of the transport equations in such ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TEP and biofilm fouling on membranes

    Summary Biological fouling on membranes is a major problem in desalination and water purification plants. Oceanographers and limnologists have found that most marine and fresh waters are full of microscopic Transparent Exopolymer Particles, otherwise known as TEP. In this article, aquatic microbiologist Tom Berman and Filtration Specialist Marina Holenberg (Amiad Filtration Systems, Amiad, ...

  • The expanded Bed Biofilm reactor (EBBR) – an innovative Biofilm approach for tertiary nitrification

    ABSTRACT The expanded bed biofilm reactor (EBBR) was developed by Advanced Bioprocess Development Ltd. (ABD) to provide a compact tertiary nitrification process. In terms of performance, the EBBR can meet an NH3-N discharge of less than 1 mg/L at high volumetric loading rates (1.0 kg NH3-N/m3 expanded bed /day). This high rate results from a predominance of nitrifying bacteria immobilized as ...

  • Faecal indicator bacteria in river biofilms

    Biofilms in surface waters primarily consist of allochthonous microorganisms. Under conditions of pollution faecally derived bacteria may interact with these biofilms. Total coliform bacteria, Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci are used to monitor source water quality, indicating faecal pollution and the possible presence of enteric pathogens. In the present study the occurrence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulating accumulation of biofilms in biotrickling filter

    Accumulations and spatial and dynamic variations of biofilms in the media of a biotrickling filter were simulated using mathematical models for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) removal. Toluene was selected as the model VOC. Effects of toluene concentration and gas Empty Bed Contact Time (EBCT) on VOC removal were also investigated. Results showed that biofilm thickness increased with increased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biofilm Growth-Percolation Models and Channeling in Biofilter Clogging

    Biomass accumulation is a load-limiting factor in the operation of biofilters used for air pollution control. As the biofilm thickens, portions at the base are no longer exposed to contaminants and oxygen and, thus, provide no treatment. Smaller pores are filled with biomass so that air no longer flows into them. As airflow paths are restricted, air may be prevented from reaching some pores even ...

  • Neuthox removes legionella bacteria and biofilm - Case Study

    Hotel Terme della Sardegna (Sardinia, Italy) saves 12.000 € yearly by having a clean water system Danish Clean Water is the manufacturer of an ECA generator, which produces the disinfectant liquid, NEUTHOX. NEUTHOX is produced through an electrolysis process, where only electrical power, common salt and water is used, and is a clear 100 % biodegradable liquid which ...

  • Modelling clogging and biofilm detachment in sponge carrier media

    Sponge carrier media provide a large surface area for biofilm support; however, little information is known about how to model their dual nature as a moving bed and as porous media. To investigate the interaction of mass transfer and detachment with bio-clogging, a novel biofilm model framework was built based on individual-based modelling, and hydrodynamics were modelled using the lattice ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Establishing Biofilm Control Strategies for Drinking Water Systems

    In last month’s AWWA Opflow magazine, several authors came together to publish an article entitled ‘Biofilm Control – Develop an Effective Strategy to Preserve Quality, Ensure Compliance’.  To access this article, visit AWWA’s website (http://www.awwa.org/publications/opflow.aspx).  The authors summarize ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • Removing biofilm from membranes – a practical approach

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance.One of the major foulants identified on lead membranes during a decade of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory is biological fouling (biofouling). All raw water sources contain microorganisms such as algae, bacteria and fungi. They also contain ...

  • Microbial indicators in natural biofilms developed in the riverbed

    Microbial indicators such as heterotrophic bacteria, total coliforms, and Escherichia coli in naturally developed riverbed biofilms were investigated. Pebbles covered with natural biofilm were sampled directly from the riverbed at sampling stations ranging from the upstream region within a quasi-national park to the midstream in the urban district. Heterotrophic bacteria densities in biofilm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling phototrophic biofilms in a plug-flow reactor

    The use of phototrophic biofilms in wastewater treatment has been recognized as a potential option for development of new reactor configurations. For better understanding of these systems, a numerical model was developed including relevant microbial processes. As a novelty, this model was implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics, a modern computational environment for complex dynamic models. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a simplified model for the fixed biofilm reactor

    A simplified fixed biofilm model was developed to formulate the relationship between the substrate concentrations at both the entry and exit, at the biofilm–liquid interface and at the biofilm attached surface along with average substrate flux in the biofilm, substrate flux at the biofilm–liquid interface and effective biofilm thickness. The model considered the substrate mass transport ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of four methods to assess biofilm development

    Two nondestructive methods of biofilm quantification (optical density via a flatbed scanner and biofilm thickness) have been evaluated and compared to two destructive methods (Crystal Violet staining after biofilm disintegration and dry weight). The methods were tested on biofilms that developed on a modified rotating biological contactor (RBC) that was inoculated with urban wastewater and fed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles for orthopedic and biofilm infections

    Bone related infectious diseases (including osteomyelitis and prosthesis infection) are of great concern to the medical world. These types of deep tissue infections involve biofilms and are frequently chronic and always painful. Biofilms are infections whereby bacteria form a robust colony protected by a sticky slime matrix from the body's immune system (or natural clearance) and are resistant to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Diffussive tortuosity factor of colloidal cake and biofilm

    Membrane fouling of fine colloids and biocolloids is ubiquitous in pressure-driven membrane processes, such as microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and reverse osmosis (RO). In MF/UF, colloidal fouling is initiated by rapid formation of the concentration polarization (CP) layer, and is significantly enhanced by gradual development of the cake layer of colloidal maximum ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

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