biofilm Articles

  • Biofilm Processes

    The biofilm process is a process which uses a biofilm for the purposes of filtration, bioremediation or barrier formation. A biofilm is a complex and heterogeneous matrix of microorganisms attatched to and growing on a surface. Biofilms are most often found on solid substrates that are exposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mathematical modelling of biofilms and biofilm reactors for engineering design

    Mathematical models are critical to modern environmental biotechnology—both in research and in the engineering practice. Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) simulators are used by consulting engineers and WWTP operators when planning, designing, optimizing, and evaluating the unit processes that comprise municipal and industrial WWTPs. Many WWTP simulators have been expanded to include a submerged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Effective dispersion in channelled biofilms

    Heterogeneous biofilms may arise because of non-uniform biofilm growth. When considering multiple-scale problems involving biofilms, a direct simulation of the flow in the heterogeneous biofilm is not tractable. This calls for an averaged description of the flow and transport in such heterogeneous biofilms. This paper presents a theoretical derivation of the transport equations in such ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TEP and biofilm fouling on membranes

    Summary Biological fouling on membranes is a major problem in desalination and water purification plants. Oceanographers and limnologists have found that most marine and fresh waters are full of microscopic Transparent Exopolymer Particles, otherwise known as TEP. In this article, aquatic microbiologist Tom Berman and Filtration Specialist Marina Holenberg (Amiad Filtration Systems, Amiad, ...

  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • The expanded Bed Biofilm reactor (EBBR) – an innovative Biofilm approach for tertiary nitrification

    ABSTRACT The expanded bed biofilm reactor (EBBR) was developed by Advanced Bioprocess Development Ltd. (ABD) to provide a compact tertiary nitrification process. In terms of performance, the EBBR can meet an NH3-N discharge of less than 1 mg/L at high volumetric loading rates (1.0 kg NH3-N/m3 expanded bed /day). This high rate results from a predominance of nitrifying bacteria immobilized as ...

  • Simulating accumulation of biofilms in biotrickling filter

    Accumulations and spatial and dynamic variations of biofilms in the media of a biotrickling filter were simulated using mathematical models for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) removal. Toluene was selected as the model VOC. Effects of toluene concentration and gas Empty Bed Contact Time (EBCT) on VOC removal were also investigated. Results showed that biofilm thickness increased with increased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Faecal indicator bacteria in river biofilms

    Biofilms in surface waters primarily consist of allochthonous microorganisms. Under conditions of pollution faecally derived bacteria may interact with these biofilms. Total coliform bacteria, Escherichia coli and intestinal enterococci are used to monitor source water quality, indicating faecal pollution and the possible presence of enteric pathogens. In the present study the occurrence of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles for orthopedic and biofilm infections

    Bone related infectious diseases (including osteomyelitis and prosthesis infection) are of great concern to the medical world. These types of deep tissue infections involve biofilms and are frequently chronic and always painful. Biofilms are infections whereby bacteria form a robust colony protected by a sticky slime matrix from the body's immune system (or natural clearance) and are resistant to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Diffussive tortuosity factor of colloidal cake and biofilm

    Membrane fouling of fine colloids and biocolloids is ubiquitous in pressure-driven membrane processes, such as microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and reverse osmosis (RO). In MF/UF, colloidal fouling is initiated by rapid formation of the concentration polarization (CP) layer, and is significantly enhanced by gradual development of the cake layer of colloidal maximum ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Influence of the nature of hydrodynamic constraints on aerobic biofilms

    The aim of this paper is to relate biofilm detachment to local hydrodynamics. Biofilm was submitted to erosion tests in three devices: a Couette Taylor Reactor (CTR) and two Stirred Reactors (SR) Without Baffles (WOB) and With Baffles (WB). Each device involved different hydrodynamics and different impacts on the biofilm detachment. In CTR, the detachment was significant in one specific zone on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mathematical model of biofilm induced calcite precipitation

    Microbially modulated carbonate precipitation is a fundamentally important phenomenon of both engineered and natural environments. In this paper, we propose a mixture model for biofilm induced calcite precipitation. The model consists of three phases – calcite, biofilm and solvent – which satisfy conservation of mass and momentum laws with addition of a free energy of mixing. The model also ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling ammonium-oxidizing population shifts in a biofilm reactor

    The dynamic reactor behaviour of a nitrifying inverse turbulent bed reactor, operated at varying loading rate, was described with a one-dimensional two-step nitrification biofilm model. In contrast with conventional biofilm models, this model includes the competition between two genetically different populations of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), besides nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling trichloroethene reduction in a hydrogen-based biofilm

    We constructed a multispecies biofilm model for simultaneous reduction of trichloroethene (TCE) and nitrate (NO3−) in the biofilm of a H2-based membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR). The one-dimensional model includes dual-substrate Monod kinetics for a steady-state biofilm with multiple solid and dissolved components. The model has five solid components: autotrophic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of biofilm on colloid attachment in saturated porous media

    Biofilm plays an important role in controlling the transport of colloids in a porous media. Biofilms are formed when micro-organisms come in contact with substrates, and are able to attach and grow with availability of nutrients. The microorganisms get embedded in a matrix of the substrate and extracellular polymeric substances which are responsible for the morphology, physico-chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...

  • Biofilm Growth-Percolation Models and Channeling in Biofilter Clogging

    Biomass accumulation is a load-limiting factor in the operation of biofilters used for air pollution control. As the biofilm thickens, portions at the base are no longer exposed to contaminants and oxygen and, thus, provide no treatment. Smaller pores are filled with biomass so that air no longer flows into them. As airflow paths are restricted, air may be prevented from reaching some pores even ...

  • Neuthox removes legionella bacteria and biofilm - Case Study

    Hotel Terme della Sardegna (Sardinia, Italy) saves 12.000 € yearly by having a clean water system Danish Clean Water is the manufacturer of an ECA generator, which produces the disinfectant liquid, NEUTHOX. NEUTHOX is produced through an electrolysis process, where only electrical power, common salt and water is used, and is a clear 100 % biodegradable liquid which ...

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