biofilm carrier media Articles

  • Modelling clogging and biofilm detachment in sponge carrier media

    Sponge carrier media provide a large surface area for biofilm support; however, little information is known about how to model their dual nature as a moving bed and as porous media. To investigate the interaction of mass transfer and detachment with bio-clogging, a novel biofilm model framework was built based on individual-based modelling, and hydrodynamics were modelled using the lattice ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm carriers / MBBR carrier media and their respective diffusion depth

    Within the biological wastewater treatment sector, it can increasingly be observed that biofilm carriers are applied in so-called Moving Bed Biofilm Reactors (MBBR). Thereby, the MBBR process is not only used to great success for the purification of domestic sewage but also in the sector of industrial wastewater and aquaculture systems. The availability of high-performance ...


    By Multi Umwelttechnologie AG

  • Mutag BioChip high-performance biofilm carrier used in municipal wastewater treatment

    In the recent past, a new and very innovative biofilm carrier named Mutag BioChip, developed and produced by the German company Multi Umwelttechnologie AG, has increasingly and very successfully got into the news with regard to the biological treatment of municipal/domestic sewage. In this field of application, the chip-shaped high-performance biofilm carrier is unsurpassed especially when it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of cigarette filter rods as biofilm carrier in an integrated fixed-film activated sludge reactor

    Bio-carriers are an important component of integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) processes. In this study, the capability of cigarette filter rods (CFRs) as a bio-carrier in IFAS processes was evaluated. Two similar laboratory-scale IFAS systems were operated over a 4-month period using Kaldnes-K3 and CFRs as IFAS media. The process performance was studied by using chemical oxygen demand ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hybrid activated sludge/biofilm process for the treatment of municipal wastewater in a cold climate region: a case study

    A hybrid activated sludge/biofilm process was investigated for wastewater treatment in a cold climate region. This process, which contains both suspended biomass and biofilm, usually referred as IFAS process, is created by introducing plastic elements as biofilm carrier media into a conventional activated sludge reactor. In the present study, a hybrid process, composed of an activated sludge and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane fouling and performance evaluation of conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR), moving biofilm MBR and oxic/anoxic MBR

    In this study, three laboratory scale submerged membrane bioreactors (MBRs) comprising a conventional MBR (C-MBR), moving bed MBR (MB-MBR) and anoxic-oxic MBR (A/O-MBR) were continuously operated with synthesized domestic wastewater (chemical oxygen demand, COD = 500 mg/L) for 150 days under similar operational and environmental conditions. Kaldnes® plastic media with 20% ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a biofilter system with agave fiber filter media for municipal wastewater treatment

    Agave plants grow in semi-arid regions and are used for mescal production. However, agave fiber by-products are considered waste materials. Thus, we tested agave fiber as a filter media and biofilm material carrier for removing pollutants from municipal wastewater. Three laboratory-scale biofiltration reactors were used in two trials with five hydraulic loading rates (HLRs = 0.27, 0.54, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Practical Applications of Static Low Density Media Filters for Use in the Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    ABSTRACTIn the treatment of domestic wastewater, both biological and physical contaminant removal mechanisms must occur to facilitate compliance with NPDES permit discharge requirements. Static low density media (SLDM) filters can be used to perform both of these duties allowing for the consolidation of various unit operations into one component. Previous studies have shown that both organic and ...

  • The essential role of filling material in aerobic granular biomass generation in a periodic submerged biofilter

    The paper reports the results of a laboratory-scale investigation aimed at evaluating the influence of the filling material of a Sequencing Submerged Biofilter Reactor (SSBR) on granular biomass generation. The results showed that aerobic granular biomass generation was obtained only in the reactor filled with kmt-k1 carrier, since the features of this filling media are such that they generate a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Southwest landfill case study

    The Problem: A landfill located in Texas was experiencing high concentrations of ammonia in the leachate from their domestic landfill. Compliance standards were becoming more stringent at the same time ammonia and BOD levels in the leachate stream were increasing in concentration. The Solution: After on‐site testing ...


    By BioprocessH2O

  • Yucaipa, CA - case study

    The Challenge - Upgrade In 2007 the Yucaipa Valley Water District in Yucaipa, CA upgraded their Activated Sludge treatment plant to a Kruger AnoxKaldnes Biofilm + Activated Sludge (HYBAS) process. The plant expansion was driven by an increase in hydraulic loading and a new Total Inorganic Nitrogen Limit that was lowered from 10 mg/L to 6 mg/L. Process Solution The process flow scheme includes ...

  • Evaluation of different configurations of hybrid membrane bioreactors for treatment of domestic wastewater

    Four membrane bioreactors (MBRs) with the same dimensions were studied for 180 days: three hybrid growth membrane bioreactors with biofilm attached in different packing media and a conventional MBR (C-MBR). The four MBRs had an identical membrane module of hollow fiber with a nominal porous diameter of 0.4 μm. The MBRs were: (1) a C-MBR; (2) a moving bed membrane bioreactor (MB-MBR), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cut your wastewater surcharges in half

    Water usage and wastewater discharge are a main expenditure for any industrial plant.  Biowater’s fixed film wastewater treatment systems reduce your municipal surcharges by at least half.  Our systems optimize treatment configurations to help a customer’s Clean-in-place (CIP) and Clean-out-of-place (COP) systems work more efficiently and make sure compliance is ...


    By Biowater Technology

  • Cut your wastewater surcharges in half

    Water usage and wastewater discharge are a main expenditure for any industrial plant.  Biowater’s fixed film wastewater treatment systems reduce your municipal surcharges by at least half.  Our systems optimize treatment configurations to help a customer’s Clean-in-place (CIP) and Clean-out-of-place (COP) systems work more efficiently and make sure compliance is ...


    By Biowater Technology

  • Biological wastewater treatment Dalian, China

    To manage the demands set for the plant, a biological treatment with fixed bed was chosen. The water first undergoes pre-treatment by screening and grit/grease removal. Primary sedimentation is done in 4 tanks with lamellar sedimentation.   The first step in the biological treatment consists of BOD, COD and SS ...

  • Full scale municipal implementations of the Agar IFAS process for municipal wastewater treatment

    Wastewater treatment plant retrofits worldwide are motivated by two main developments: a. Changes in effluent quality regulations, either to more stringent BOD/TSS requirements, or to include nutrient (N and P) removal b. Increase in flows to existing plants, due to either population growth or to expansion of sewerage systems One process capable of giving a cost-effective solution for these two ...

  • Municipal: Wickford, USA

    The Challenge The existing wastewater treatment system at the North Cove development in Wickford, RI could not nitrify and denitrify in winter conditions. The system also had difficulty maintaining nitrification with warmer wastewater temperatures. The existing system consists of numerous septic tanks that receive wastewater (black and gray water) from residential buildings, discharging ...


    By Biowater Technology

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