biofilm growing Articles

  • Biofilm Processes

    The biofilm process is a process which uses a biofilm for the purposes of filtration, bioremediation or barrier formation. A biofilm is a complex and heterogeneous matrix of microorganisms attatched to and growing on a surface. Biofilms are most often found on solid substrates that are exposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...

  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • TEP and biofilm fouling on membranes

    Summary Biological fouling on membranes is a major problem in desalination and water purification plants. Oceanographers and limnologists have found that most marine and fresh waters are full of microscopic Transparent Exopolymer Particles, otherwise known as TEP. In this article, aquatic microbiologist Tom Berman and Filtration Specialist Marina Holenberg (Amiad Filtration Systems, Amiad, ...

  • Nature inspires a better way to block biofilms

    In many industries where equipment comes in contact with water, including those that rely on water treatment membranes, equipment fouling is a huge problem. Biofilm fouling occurs when living organisms — including bacteria, algae, and even mollusks — become attached to boat hulls, harbor structures, and other equipment. The resulting damage can be costly. Coatings and other chemical ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...

  • Effect of biofilm on colloid attachment in saturated porous media

    Biofilm plays an important role in controlling the transport of colloids in a porous media. Biofilms are formed when micro-organisms come in contact with substrates, and are able to attach and grow with availability of nutrients. The microorganisms get embedded in a matrix of the substrate and extracellular polymeric substances which are responsible for the morphology, physico-chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A biofilm microreactor system for simultaneous electrochemical and nuclear magnetic resonance techniques

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques are ideally suited for the study of biofilms and for probing their microenvironments because these techniques allow for noninvasive interrogation and in situ monitoring with high resolution. By combining NMR with simultaneous electrochemical techniques, it is possible to sustain and study live biofilms respiring on electrodes. Here, we describe a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organic removal activity in biofilm and suspended biomass fractions of MBBR systems

    The moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) wastewater treatment process is usually designed based on the assumption that all activity in the process occurs in the biofilm on the MBBR carriers, although there is always some active biomass in the bulk liquid due to biofilm sloughing and, sometimes, free-growing bacteria. In this study the removal of organic matter is evaluated in laboratory-scale MBBR ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasound technology in water treatment: Algae control and reduction of biofilm formation

    Recent research projects have underlined the potential of ultrasound as a chemical free treatment in water-related applications. This article reviews the use of ultrasound produced by the LG Sonic technology, with a focus on wastewater, irrigation and aquaculture applications. Sound Sound can be described as mechanical energy transmitted by pressure waves in a material medium. Thus, sound can ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Stable and reliable ANAMMOX process provided by Mutag BioChip 25™ biofilm technology

    Since the demand for the so-called “ANAMMOX process” (ANaerobic AMMonium OXidation) is steadily growing within the sector of biological treatment of wastewater and sewage, a new and effective solution for maintaining the process stability is urgently required. A suchlike solution can be realized by means of a special biofilm carrier-based ...


    By Multi Umwelttechnologie AG

  • Fate of Salmonella Typhimurium in laboratory-scale drinking water biofilms

    Investigations were carried out to evaluate and quantify colonization of laboratory-scale drinking water biofilms by a chromosomally green fluorescent protein (gfp)-tagged strain of Salmonella Typhimurium. Gfp encodes the green fluorescent protein and thus allows in situ detection of undisturbed cells and is ideally suited for monitoring ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Three stages MBR (methanogenic, aerobic biofilm and membrane filtration) for the treatment of low-strength wastewaters

    The use of a new three stages MBR process with a first methanogenic UASB stage, a second stage with aerobic biofilm growing on small carrier elements maintained in suspension and third stage with membrane filtration module is presented. The objective of the first methanogenic chamber is to diminish COD of the raw wastewater, producing a biogas rich in methane, and decrease the sludge production. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chemical disinfection of Legionella in hot water systems biofilm: a pilot-scale 1 study

    Legionella bacteria encounter optimum growing conditions in hot water systems and cooling towers. A pilot-scale 1 unit was built in order to study the biofilm disinfection. It consisted of two identical loops, one used as a control and the other as a ‘Test Loop’. A combination of a bio-detergent and a biocide (hydrogen peroxide + peracetic acid) was applied in the Test Loop three times under the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Transparent exopolymer particles: Potential agents for organic fouling and biofilm formation in desalination and water treatment plants

    Transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) are ubiquitous in marine and freshwaters, and have been subject to intensive study by oceanographers and limnologists over the past 15 years. These microscopic organic particles (visualized by Alcian Blue staining for acid polysaccharides) may be considered a planktonic form of exopolymeric substances (EPS). Two aspects relating to the potential involvement ...

  • Evaluation of quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays targeting Mycobacterium avium, M. intracellulare, and M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis in drinking water biofilms

    Mycobacterium avium (MA), Mycobacterium intracellulare (MI), and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) are difficult to culture due to their slow growing nature. A quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method for the rapid detection of MA, MI, and MAP can be used to provide data supporting drinking water biofilms as ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EPA Proposes Two Test Methods and Guidance for Evaluating Antimicrobial Pesticides

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has recently announced the availability of two proposed test methods and associated testing guidance for evaluating antimicrobial pesticides against two biofilm bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, for comments.  EPA states that registrants of antimicrobial products with public health claims are “required to submit ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • A Refinery saves 25% on biocide dosage by using HydroBio Advance

    Real time determination and monitoring of biofilm in cooling systems 1. KEYWORDS HydroBio® Advance, Cooling system, Biofilm, Biocide consumption 2. BACKGROUND This case study shows how the application of the HydroBio® Advance is used to evaluate the real biocide demand of a cooling system in the petrochemical industry. ...


    By Kurita

  • A Refinery saves 25% on biocide dosage by using HydroBio advance - Case Study

    Real time determination and monitoring of biofilm in cooling systems 1. Keywords HydroBio Advance, Cooling system, Biofilm, Biocide consumption 2. Background This case study shows how the application of the HydroBio Advance is used to evaluate the real biocide demand of a cooling system in the petrochemical industry. Independent of ...


    By Kurita

  • Cyanobacteria and Biodeterioration of Cultural Heritage: A Review

    Growing concern for the preservation of cultural heritage has led to a greater interest in the biological attack on these buildings. The importance of cyanobacteria as deteriogens is emphasized and the traditional and more modern molecular methods used to detect these microorganisms are discussed. The development of molecular techniques for the rapid identification of cyanobacteria without need ...


    By Springer

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