biofilm growth Articles

  • Biofilm Processes

    The biofilm process is a process which uses a biofilm for the purposes of filtration, bioremediation or barrier formation. A biofilm is a complex and heterogeneous matrix of microorganisms attatched to and growing on a surface. Biofilms are most often found on solid substrates that are exposed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm Growth-Percolation Models and Channeling in Biofilter Clogging

    Biomass accumulation is a load-limiting factor in the operation of biofilters used for air pollution control. As the biofilm thickens, portions at the base are no longer exposed to contaminants and oxygen and, thus, provide no treatment. Smaller pores are filled with biomass so that air no longer flows into them. As airflow paths are restricted, air may be prevented from reaching some pores even ...

  • Effect of silver-doped phosphate-based glasses on bacterial biofilm growth

    Silver-containing phosphate-based glasses were found to reduce the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus biofilms, which are leading causes of nosocomial infections. The rates of glass degradation (1.27 to 1.41 µg·mm–2·h–1) and the corresponding silver release were found to account for the variation in biofilm growth ...

  • Mechanism and kinetics of biofilm growth process influenced by shear stress in sewers

    Sewer biofilms play an important role in the biotransformation of substances for methane and sulfide emission in sewer networks. The dynamic flows and the particular shear stress in sewers are the key factors determining the growth of the sewer biofilm. In this work, the development of sewer biofilm with varying shear stress is specifically investigated to gain a comprehensive understanding of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of nutrient loading on Anabaena flos-aquae biofilm: biofilm growth and nutrient removals

    Effects of three different nutrient loadings (low nutrient loading, medium nutrient loading and high nutrient loading, denoted as LNS, MNS and HNS, respectively) on the structure and functions of algal biofilm using Anabaena flos-aquae were investigated using synthetic wastewater. Nutrients removal efficiencies, biofilm thickness, microalgae dehydrogenase activity (DHA) and exopolysaccharide ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • TEP and biofilm fouling on membranes

    Summary Biological fouling on membranes is a major problem in desalination and water purification plants. Oceanographers and limnologists have found that most marine and fresh waters are full of microscopic Transparent Exopolymer Particles, otherwise known as TEP. In this article, aquatic microbiologist Tom Berman and Filtration Specialist Marina Holenberg (Amiad Filtration Systems, Amiad, ...

  • Effective dispersion in channelled biofilms

    Heterogeneous biofilms may arise because of non-uniform biofilm growth. When considering multiple-scale problems involving biofilms, a direct simulation of the flow in the heterogeneous biofilm is not tractable. This calls for an averaged description of the flow and transport in such heterogeneous biofilms. This paper presents a theoretical derivation of the transport equations in such ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulating accumulation of biofilms in biotrickling filter

    Accumulations and spatial and dynamic variations of biofilms in the media of a biotrickling filter were simulated using mathematical models for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) removal. Toluene was selected as the model VOC. Effects of toluene concentration and gas Empty Bed Contact Time (EBCT) on VOC removal were also investigated. Results showed that biofilm thickness increased with increased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bacterial growth and biofilm formation in household-stored groundwater collected from public wells

    The research was aimed at assessing changes in the number of bacteria and evaluating biofilm formation in groundwater collected from public wells, both aspects directly related to the methods of household storage. In the research, water collected from Cretaceous aquifer wells in Toruń (Poland) was stored in a refrigerator and at room temperature. Microbiological parameters of the water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of microsensors to study the role of the loading rate and surface velocity on the growth and the composition of nitrifying biofilms

    The good composition and activity of biofilms are very important for successful operation and control of fixed-film biological reactors employed in liquid effluents treatment. During the last decade, microsensors have been applied to study microbial ecology. These sensors could provide information regarding the microbial activity concerning nitrification and denitrification that occur inside ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling clogging and biofilm detachment in sponge carrier media

    Sponge carrier media provide a large surface area for biofilm support; however, little information is known about how to model their dual nature as a moving bed and as porous media. To investigate the interaction of mass transfer and detachment with bio-clogging, a novel biofilm model framework was built based on individual-based modelling, and hydrodynamics were modelled using the lattice ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a simplified model for the fixed biofilm reactor

    A simplified fixed biofilm model was developed to formulate the relationship between the substrate concentrations at both the entry and exit, at the biofilm–liquid interface and at the biofilm attached surface along with average substrate flux in the biofilm, substrate flux at the biofilm–liquid interface and effective biofilm thickness. The model considered the substrate mass transport ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing biofilm from membranes – a practical approach

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance.One of the major foulants identified on lead membranes during a decade of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory is biological fouling (biofouling). All raw water sources contain microorganisms such as algae, bacteria and fungi. They also contain ...

  • Microbial indicators in natural biofilms developed in the riverbed

    Microbial indicators such as heterotrophic bacteria, total coliforms, and Escherichia coli in naturally developed riverbed biofilms were investigated. Pebbles covered with natural biofilm were sampled directly from the riverbed at sampling stations ranging from the upstream region within a quasi-national park to the midstream in the urban district. Heterotrophic bacteria densities in biofilm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multifunctional magnetic nanoparticles for orthopedic and biofilm infections

    Bone related infectious diseases (including osteomyelitis and prosthesis infection) are of great concern to the medical world. These types of deep tissue infections involve biofilms and are frequently chronic and always painful. Biofilms are infections whereby bacteria form a robust colony protected by a sticky slime matrix from the body's immune system (or natural clearance) and are resistant to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effect of biofilm on colloid attachment in saturated porous media

    Biofilm plays an important role in controlling the transport of colloids in a porous media. Biofilms are formed when micro-organisms come in contact with substrates, and are able to attach and grow with availability of nutrients. The microorganisms get embedded in a matrix of the substrate and extracellular polymeric substances which are responsible for the morphology, physico-chemical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling ammonium-oxidizing population shifts in a biofilm reactor

    The dynamic reactor behaviour of a nitrifying inverse turbulent bed reactor, operated at varying loading rate, was described with a one-dimensional two-step nitrification biofilm model. In contrast with conventional biofilm models, this model includes the competition between two genetically different populations of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB), besides nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • The effect of flow velocity on the distribution and composition of extracellular polymeric substances in biofilms and the detachment mechanism of biofilms

    Flume experiments were conducted to investigate the distribution and composition of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in biofilms and the detachment mechanism of biofilms grown under different flow velocity conditions. The results of biofilm growth kinetics showed that the growth trends were coincident with the logistic growth model. The growth kinetics parameters reached their maximum ...


    By IWA Publishing

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