biofilm remove Articles

  • Biological nutrient removal in a continuous biofilm process

    A new biological phosphorous and nitrogen removal process is developed. The process is based on biofilm on carrier elements with enhanced biological phosphorous removal and simultaneous nitrification and denitrification in a continuous process. Results from 3 years of pilot and laboratory experiments are presented with regards to removal of organic substances, phosphorous and nitrogen. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing biofilm from membranes – a practical approach

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance.One of the major foulants identified on lead membranes during a decade of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory is biological fouling (biofouling). All raw water sources contain microorganisms such as algae, bacteria and fungi. They also contain ...

  • Effects of nutrient loading on Anabaena flos-aquae biofilm: biofilm growth and nutrient removals

    Effects of three different nutrient loadings (low nutrient loading, medium nutrient loading and high nutrient loading, denoted as LNS, MNS and HNS, respectively) on the structure and functions of algal biofilm using Anabaena flos-aquae were investigated using synthetic wastewater. Nutrients removal efficiencies, biofilm thickness, microalgae dehydrogenase activity (DHA) and exopolysaccharide ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Heavy metal tolerance and removal potential in mixed-species biofilm

    The aim of the study was to examine heavy metal tolerance (Cd2+, Zn2+, Ni2+ and Cu2+) of single- and mixed-species biofilms (Rhodotorula mucilaginosa and Escherichia coli) and to determine metal removal efficiency (Cd2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pb2+ and Hg2+). Metal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Remove algae and biofilm from cooling tower basins - Case Study

    Possibilities & Expectations of the LG Sonic for cooling tower treatment: LG Sonic devices control the bacterial population in cooling tower systems by severely inhibiting biofilm formation. This provides a large market potential in cooling water treatment applications. It is well known that Legionella bacteria propagate by reproducing within a larger organism like parasites, ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Removal of Zn(II) from simulated wastewater using an algal biofilm

    An algal biofilm was employed as a novel kind of adsorbing material to remove Zn(II) from simulated wastewater. The algal biofilm system formed by Oedogonium sp. was operated in a dynamic mode for a period of 14 days with an initial Zn(II) concentration of 10 mg/L. The average effluent Zn(II) concentration was 0.247 mg/L and the average removal efficiency reached 97.7%. The effects of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of lead and chromium from aqueous solution by bacillus circulans biofilm

    Contamination of the aquatic environment by heavy metals is a worldwide environmental problem. The pollutants of serious concern include lead, chromium, mercury, uranium, selenium, zinc, arsenic, cadmium, gold, silver, copper and nickel, due to their arcinogenic and mutagenic nature (Leung et al., 2000). Many industries such as coating, automotive, aeronautical, steel, textile dyeing, leather ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Organic removal activity in biofilm and suspended biomass fractions of MBBR systems

    The moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) wastewater treatment process is usually designed based on the assumption that all activity in the process occurs in the biofilm on the MBBR carriers, although there is always some active biomass in the bulk liquid due to biofilm sloughing and, sometimes, free-growing bacteria. In this study the removal of organic matter is evaluated in laboratory-scale MBBR ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Calcium removal by softening of water affects biofilm formation on PVC, glass and membrane surfaces

    Literature data on the effect of calcium on biofilm structures induced a preliminary study. The effect of calcium removal by water softening (<1.0 mg Ca2+.L−1) under real-world drinking water conditions on biofilm formation was studied in a pilot plant with reverse osmosis (RO) membranes and in a laboratory-scale biofilm production unit (BPU) with plasticized polyvinyl chloride ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrate removal by nitrate-dependent Fe(II) oxidation in an upflow denitrifying biofilm reactor

    A continuous upflow biofilm reactor packed with ceramsite was constructed for nitrate removal under an anaerobic atmosphere without an organic carbon source. Denitrifying bacteria, Pseudomonas sp. W1, Pseudomonas sp. W2 and Microbacterium sp. W5, were added to the bioreactor as inocula. Nitrate concentration, nitrite accumulation and nitrogen removal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrate removal from groundwater using biodegradable polymers as carbon source and biofilm support

    A new kind of biodegradable polymer, PBS, was used as both carbon source and biofilm support in a fixed-bed reactor to remove nitrate from groundwater. The experimental results showed that the denitrifying bacteria can easily attach to the surface of PBS granules and adapt to use PBS as carbon source. The SEM observation indicated that the fine biofilm can develop on the surface of PBS granules ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nitrogen removal in a Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor: effect of carbon availability and intermittent aeration

    This study aimed to investigate the effects of carbon availability and intermittent aeration on nitrogen removal in a Sequencing Batch Biofilm Reactor (SBBR). The percentage of nitrogen removal in the SBBRs operating with dump fill and slow fill with optimum intermittent aeration was quite similar, 75.7% and 69.2%, respectively, indicating that intermittent aeration allowed a considerable energy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Phenol biodegradation and simultaneous nitrogen removal using a carbon fiber felt biofilm reactor

    Phenol biodegradation and its effect on the biological nitrogen removal were studied in a biofilm reactor (15 L) packed with carbon fiber felt carriers. Meanwhile, the effects of the effluent internal recirculation ratios (0, 100% and 200%) and the air flow rates (0.42, 0.83, 1.46, 2.08 and 3.33 L/min) on the performance of system were tested. The system exhibited an excellent capacity for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...

  • BioSense a Biofilm Monitor and Controller

    Abstract Biofilms (slime) can form on virtually every nonshedding surface, in a nonsterile aqueous environment i.e. anywhere where a water source is present; such as cooling/heating systems, swimming areas and in drinking water purification. These Biofilms can cause a myriad of problems including; harbouring harmful bacteria such as Legionella, inducing corrosion, and reducing ...


    By Sensara, SL

  • Impact of fine mesh sieve primary treatment on nitrogen removal in moving bed biofilm reactors

    The purpose of this project was to investigate the effect of selective particle removal during primary treatment on nitrogen removal in moving bed biofilm reactors (MBBRs). Two small MBBR pilot plants were operated in parallel, where one train treated 2 mm screened municipal wastewater and the other train treated wastewater that had passed through a Salsnes Filter SF1000 rotating belt sieve ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing Legionella pneumophila and biofilms from water supply systems using plant essential oils

    Antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of sage (Salvia officinalis), thyme (Thymus vulgaris), peppermint (Mentha x piperita) and lemon (Citrus limonum) essential oils (EOs), supplied as commercial preparations, were investigated on Legionella pneumophila. Results showed that all EOs had antibacterial activity. Lemon oil ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of NaCl on nitrate removal from ion-exchange spent brine in the membrane biofilm reactor (MBfR)

    The H2-based membrane biofilm reactor was used to remove nitrate from synthetic ion-exchange brine at NaCl concentrations from ∼3 to 30 g/L. NaCl concentrations below 20 g/L did not affect the nitrate removal flux as long as potassium was available to generate osmotic tolerance for high sodium, the H2 pressure was adequate, and membrane fouling was eliminated. Operating pHs of 7–8 and periodic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulating accumulation of biofilms in biotrickling filter

    Accumulations and spatial and dynamic variations of biofilms in the media of a biotrickling filter were simulated using mathematical models for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) removal. Toluene was selected as the model VOC. Effects of toluene concentration and gas Empty Bed Contact Time (EBCT) on VOC removal were also investigated. Results showed that biofilm thickness increased with increased ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nitrogen and carbon removal efficiency of a polyvinyl alcohol gel based moving bed biofilm reactor system

    In this study, the effectiveness of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) gel beads in treating domestic wastewater was investigated: a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) configuration (oxic-anoxic and oxic) with 10% filling fraction of biomass carriers was operated in a continuously fed regime at temperatures of 25, 20, 15 and 6 °C with hydraulic retention times (HRTs) of 32 h, 18 h, 12 h and 9 h, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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