biofilm wastewater Articles

  • Mathematical modelling of biofilms and biofilm reactors for engineering design

    Mathematical models are critical to modern environmental biotechnology—both in research and in the engineering practice. Wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) simulators are used by consulting engineers and WWTP operators when planning, designing, optimizing, and evaluating the unit processes that comprise municipal and industrial WWTPs. Many WWTP simulators have been expanded to include a submerged ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biofilm Control for Industrial Waters

    Industrial operations can face a number of serious problems due to bacterial Biofilms growing in process water systems and cooling tower waters. Biofilm-induced corrosion, mechanical blockages and impedance of heat transfer processes result in huge monetary losses each year. In engineered systems, additional risks of biofilm-mediated contamination include negative public health consequences and ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Analysis of Sulfide Inhibition in Anaerobic Biofilm Reactors Fed a Sulfate-Rich Wastewater

    IntroductionMany industries produce wastewaters high in organic and sulfate content. Anaerobic biological treatment of these wastewaters can result in the formation of methane by methanogenic archaea (MA) and sulfide as sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) reduce the sulfate to sulfide. Unfortunately, sulfide can inhibit the activity of both SRB and MA. Previous research has shown that biofilm ...

  • Biofilm regeneration on carriers in MBBR used for vitamin C wastewater treatment

    Methods were investigated for biofilm regeneration on carriers in a moving bed biofilm reactor used for vitamin C production wastewater treatment. Three ordinary chemical cleaning agents (hydrochloric acid, sodium hydroxide, and sodium hypochlorite) and physical drying were chosen for evaluation as methods for biofilm detachment. The results showed that these methods all had some degree of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of Zn(II) from simulated wastewater using an algal biofilm

    An algal biofilm was employed as a novel kind of adsorbing material to remove Zn(II) from simulated wastewater. The algal biofilm system formed by Oedogonium sp. was operated in a dynamic mode for a period of 14 days with an initial Zn(II) concentration of 10 mg/L. The average effluent Zn(II) concentration was 0.247 mg/L and the average removal efficiency reached 97.7%. The effects of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mutag BioChip™ high-performance biofilm carrier used in municipal wastewater treatment

    In the recent past, a new and very innovative biofilm carrier named Mutag BioChip™ has increasingly and very successfully got into the news with regard to the biological treatment of municipal/domestic sewage. By taking the example of an upgrading of a Swiss-based municipal sewage treatment plant (STP), in the article it will be explained how relatively easy it is to significantly ...


    By Multi Umwelttechnologie AG

  • Characteristics of municipal wastewater treatment by moving-bed biofilm reactor

    In this paper, the bio-activity of activated sludge was investigated using Oxygen Uptake Rate (OUR) as an indicator. The activity of ammonium oxidation and COD removal of both attached- and suspended-growth sludge was determined under different temperature and organic loading rates. The experimental results indicated that at 5°C, the nitrification activity was about 60% of that at 18°C. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mutag BioChip high-performance biofilm carrier used in municipal wastewater treatment

    In the recent past, a new and very innovative biofilm carrier named Mutag BioChip, developed and produced by the German company Multi Umwelttechnologie AG, has increasingly and very successfully got into the news with regard to the biological treatment of municipal/domestic sewage. In this field of application, the chip-shaped high-performance biofilm carrier is unsurpassed especially when it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of winery wastewater in a full-scale fixed bed biofilm reactor

    ABSTRACTThe treatment of winery wastewater was performed at full-scale applying a two-stage fixed bed biofilm reactor (FBBR) system for the discharge in the sewerage. The results of the first year of operation at the full-scale plant are presented. Values of removed organic loads and effluent concentrations were interpreted on the basis of the COD fractionation of influent wastewater assessed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The expanded Bed Biofilm reactor (EBBR) – an innovative Biofilm approach for tertiary nitrification

    ABSTRACT The expanded bed biofilm reactor (EBBR) was developed by Advanced Bioprocess Development Ltd. (ABD) to provide a compact tertiary nitrification process. In terms of performance, the EBBR can meet an NH3-N discharge of less than 1 mg/L at high volumetric loading rates (1.0 kg NH3-N/m3 expanded bed /day). This high rate results from a predominance of nitrifying bacteria immobilized as ...

  • Application of biofilm reactors to improve ammonia oxidation in low nitrogen loaded wastewater

    An airlift reactor using zeolite particles as carrier material was used for the nitrification of effluents from the aquaculture industry. During the start-up the nitrogen concentration was kept around 100 mg NH4+-N/L to develop the nitrifying population. Later it was decreased down to around 3 mg NH4+-N/L and the dilution rate was increased up to 4.8 d-1 in order to simulate the conditions in a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Kinetics of aerobic oxidation of volatile sulfur compounds in wastewater and biofilm from sewers

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to investigate the kinetics of aerobic chemical and biological oxidation of selected odorous volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) by wastewater and biofilm from sewers. The VSCs included methyl mercaptan (MeSH), ethyl mercaptan (EtSH), dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and total inorganic sulfide, which have all been reported as the main constituents of foul sewer gas. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Degradation of organic matter from domestic wastewater with loofah sponge biofilm reactor

    A laboratory-scale oxic biofilm reactor using loofah sponge as support material was carried out to study its start-up characteristics and the optimum operation parameters in removing organic matter and nitrogen from domestic wastewater. It took no more than 10 days to complete microbiological cultivation and acclimation, indicating that the natural loofah sponge was a superior support material ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of an ultra-compact biofilm reactor treating domestic and synthetic wastewaters

    The performance of an ultra-compact biofilm reactor (UCBR) treating domestic wastewater (DWW) collected from a local water reclamation plant; and gradually shifting to a mono-type carbon source synthetic wastewater (SWW) combined with DDW (CWW) and finally SWW; was investigated in this study. The total COD concentrations of influent DWW and CWW/SWW were 413.6 ± 80.8 mg/L and 454.9 ± 51.3 mg/L, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a fixed-bed biofilm reactor with microbubble aeration in aerobic wastewater treatment

    Microbubble aeration is supposed to be highly efficient for oxygen supply in aerobic wastewater treatment. In the present study, the performance of a fixed-bed biofilm reactor microbubble-aerated using a Shirasu porous glass (SPG) membrane system was investigated when treating synthetic municipal wastewater. The biofilm formation on the carriers was enhanced with microbubble aeration due to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimisation of bioflocculant production by a biofilm forming microorganism from poultry slaughterhouse wastewater for use in poultry wastewater treatment

    Poultry slaughterhouse wastewater contains nutrients that are sufficient for microbial growth; moreover, the wastewater has microorganisms which can be harnessed to perform specific functions. Additionally, these microorganisms can grow either in planktonic (free floating) mode or sessile (attached) mode. This study focused on the optimisation of bioflocculant production by quantifying ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling phototrophic biofilms in a plug-flow reactor

    The use of phototrophic biofilms in wastewater treatment has been recognized as a potential option for development of new reactor configurations. For better understanding of these systems, a numerical model was developed including relevant microbial processes. As a novelty, this model was implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics, a modern computational environment for complex dynamic models. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of four methods to assess biofilm development

    Two nondestructive methods of biofilm quantification (optical density via a flatbed scanner and biofilm thickness) have been evaluated and compared to two destructive methods (Crystal Violet staining after biofilm disintegration and dry weight). The methods were tested on biofilms that developed on a modified rotating biological contactor (RBC) that was inoculated with urban wastewater and fed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Neuthox removes legionella bacteria and biofilm - Case Study

    Hotel Terme della Sardegna (Sardinia, Italy) saves 12.000 € yearly by having a clean water system Danish Clean Water is the manufacturer of an ECA generator, which produces the disinfectant liquid, NEUTHOX. NEUTHOX is produced through an electrolysis process, where only electrical power, common salt and water is used, and is a clear 100 % biodegradable liquid which ...

  • Biofilm control strategies in industrial processing waters

    Bacterial biofilms cause a number of serious problems for industrial fluid processing operations. Mechanical blockages, impedance of heat transfer processes and microbially induced corrosion result in billions of dollars of losses each year. In engineered systems, such as cooling water systems, food processing, and other industrial applications possible risk to public health and product spoilage ...


    By MIOX Corporation

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