biofilter operation Articles

  • Longer Life For Biofilters

    Biofilters are the odor control system of choice at composting facilities. Despite similar capital costs, the biofilters are generally less costly to operate than chemical scrubbers. The key to keeping operating costs in check, however, is to get the maximum use out of the biofilter media, thus avoiding the time and money needed to do media replacements. Allen Boyette, senior engineer and manager ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biofilters vs Asdorption

    In the last three decades biological technologies have emerged as a sustainable and economically-viable alternative compared to traditional techniques like adsorption/absorption for purifying gases. They were well-received initially in the industry and interesting products with good results were carried out for several years. However, owing to a series of reasons that will be detailed in this ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Aerated biofilter with seasonally varied operation modes for the production of irrigation water

    Water reuse for agricultural irrigation can contribute to the conservation of valuable water resources and opens the possibility to reuse the wastewater's nutrients (N and P) at the same time. As irrigation is usually limited to vegetation periods, effluent requirements for treated wastewater may vary seasonally. A process concept for wastewater treatment with variable operation modes for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the biological NH3 removal characteristics of a three stage biofilter with a one stage biofilter

    A three stage and a one-stage bench-scale biofilter with effective heights of 129 cm filled with same type of packing material were operated at different influent concentrations of ammonia in order to investigate their performance in treating waste gas streams. The columns contained a mixture of municipal compost inoculated with thickened municipal activated sludge as a base material and shredded ...

  • Pilot-Scale Biofilter Test for Treating Zimpro Odors

    The thermal sludge conditioning process of U.S. Filter/Zimpro Corporation, Rothschild, Wisconsin (Zimpro process) is primarily used to improve dewatering characteristics of the waste sludge. The process entails a partial breakdown through oxidation and hydrolysis of complex, high molecular weight organic compounds, such as, proteins, fibers, carbohydrates, and fats. The partial breakdown of ...


    By PRD Tech, Inc.

  • A comparison of an organic biofilter and an inorganic biofilter for the treatment of residual odors emanating from a biosolids de-watering facility

    ABSTRACT: The following paper is a comparison of an organic media biofilter and a synthetic media biofilter for the treatment of residual odors emanating from the operation of a biosolids dewatering and truck loading system at the City of Toronto's Ashbridges Bay Treatment Plant. The system compared was an in-ground, header/lateral system operated in a forced draft, up flow, ...


    By Biorem Technologies Inc.

  • Biofilm Growth-Percolation Models and Channeling in Biofilter Clogging

    Biomass accumulation is a load-limiting factor in the operation of biofilters used for air pollution control. As the biofilm thickens, portions at the base are no longer exposed to contaminants and oxygen and, thus, provide no treatment. Smaller pores are filled with biomass so that air no longer flows into them. As airflow paths are restricted, air may be prevented from reaching some pores even ...

  • Review of Biofiltration - Effect of Support Media on Biofilter Performance

    Technologies for removal of hazardous pollutants from air have gained increased importance following the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). Biofiltration is an emerging and attractive technology for the removal of volatile organic chemicals (VOCs) present at low concentrations in air. Traditional VOC removal technologies involve physical or chemical processes such as adsorption, condensation, ...


    By PRD Tech, Inc.

  • Preliminary stabilisation of stormwater biofilters and loss of filter material

    Stabilisation affects performance of stormwater biofilters operating under intermittent wetting and drying, mainly due to wash-off of filter material. Understanding the dynamics of solids wash-off is crucial in designing stormwater biofilters. The current study analysed the dynamics of solids wash-off in stormwater biofilters and quantified the loss of solids from the filter. Four Perspex™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The role of backwash in start-up of full-scale drinking water biofilters

    The purpose of backwashing during the start-up period of rapid biofilters at drinking water treatment plants differs significantly from the purpose of backwashing during normal operation. During start-up, finished water quality is secondary, detachment of microorganisms must be minimized, dust present in the original filter media must be removed and inherent inoculation of the biofilter with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biotreatment of waste gas containing pyridine in a novel rotating rope biofilter

    A novel Rotating Rope Biofilter (RRB) has been developed especially for the treatment of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) at higher loadings and characterised by high volatility along with high water solubility. The RRB provides a higher interfacial area (per unit reactor liquid volume) along with high oxygen mass transfer rate, greater microbial culture stability, and consequently higher ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pilot-scale compost media biofilter treatment of volatile organic compounds

    The compost media biofilter is one of the most important biological processes applied to treat waste gases. Research on a pilot-scale compost media biofilter treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) was performed. The volume of biofilter media was 4.3 m3 and the biofilter operated for 57 days. Fluctuation of water content in the biofilter media was investigated. With continuous switching of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Back-propagation neural network for performance prediction in trickling bed air biofilter

    Experimental studies were carried out with a laboratory-scale biotrickling filter to treat a gaseous stream contaminated with benzene, toluene and xylene (BTX) operated in a continuous mode. The biotrickling filter initially acclimatised with toluene was used to treat BTX compound individually at loading rates ranging from 7.2 g/m³hr to 62.2 g/m³hr, operated in a sequential mode. The results ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Effects of Operational Conditions on the Performance of Triethylamine Biofiltration

    ABSTRACT Nitrogen compounds such as triethylamine are odorants generally found in chemical plants and foundries in which cold-box cores are made. In this study, the efficiency of biofiltration of triethylamine (TEA) vapor was evaluated. Experiments were conducted in two 6-L biofilters arranged in three stages and packed with inoculated compost - wood chips (40:60v/v) as the filter medium. The ...

  • Performance of a biofilter system with agave fiber filter media for municipal wastewater treatment

    Agave plants grow in semi-arid regions and are used for mescal production. However, agave fiber by-products are considered waste materials. Thus, we tested agave fiber as a filter media and biofilm material carrier for removing pollutants from municipal wastewater. Three laboratory-scale biofiltration reactors were used in two trials with five hydraulic loading rates (HLRs = 0.27, 0.54, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of oxygen deprivation on treatment processes in a full-scale drinking water biofilter

    Dissolved oxygen is critical for proper operation of waterworks that utilize anaerobic groundwater and rely on biofilters to remove iron, manganese and ammonium. In these biofilters, planned or inadvertent oxygen deprivation may occur for a variety of reasons. The water quality effects of oxygen deprivation on the function of drinking water biofilters, however, have not previously been reported. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mesquite wood chips (Prosopis) as filter media in a biofilter system for municipal wastewater treatment

    The biofiltration system over organic bed (BFOB) uses organic filter material (OFM) to treat municipal wastewater (MWW). This study evaluated the performance of a BFOB system employing mesquite wood chips (Prosopis) as OFM. It also evaluated the effect of hydraulic loading rates (HLRs) in order to achieve the operational parameters required to remove organic matter, suspended material, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Critical Operations Go Under Cover

    For a number of years, composting facilities have been using fabric structures to house finished compost screening, soil blending and product storage. They’ve also employed the structures to cover or fully enclose feedstock receiving and mixing. And some have gone as far as to put active composting operations inside fabric buildings. “More and more facilities are putting in fabric ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • New BioPod™ Biofilter with StormMix™ Media Receives Washington State Department of Ecology Approval

    Oldcastle Infrastructure announces that the BioPod biofilter with StormMix media, a high performance, high flow rate (153 inches/hour) soil, has received a General Use Level Designation (GULD) for Basic, Phosphorus and Enhanced Treatment from the Washington State Department of Ecology (Ecology). After a comprehensive review of field data, Ecology has approved the BioPod with StormMix media for ...


    By Oldcastle Precast Inc.

  • Evaluating Escherichia coli removal performance in stormwater biofilters: a preliminary modelling approach

    Stormwater biofilters are not currently optimised for pathogen removal since the behaviour of these pollutants within the stormwater biofilters is poorly understood. Modelling is a common way of optimising these systems, which also provides a better understanding of the major processes that govern the pathogen removal. This paper provides an overview of a laboratory-scale study that investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

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