biofouling Articles

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Integrated approach for biofouling control

by IWA Publishing  (Dec. 1, 2010)

Despite extensive research efforts, past and present strategies to control biofouling problems in spiral-wound nanofiltration and reverse osmosis membranes have not been successful under all circumstances. Gaining insight in the biofouling process is a first necessity. Based on recent insights, an overview is given of 12 potential complementary ...

Biofouling Plant Performance

by MASAR Technologies, Inc.  (Jun. 17, 2015)

The City of Clifton, Colorado, designed and built a 2.4 million gallons per day nanofiltration plant to treat Colorado river water and supply the city and nearby areas with drinking water. The plant was partially started in September 1997 with NF Skid 1. It was shutdown in the Spring of 1998 due to low river TDS. The plant was re-started in August ...

Case study - Biofouling in cooling basin

by LG Sonic  (Jul. 2, 2016)

Al Futtaim Cooling district plant incorporated the LG Sonic technology into their chemical treatment program to reduce the biocide consumption in the cooling towers and improve the water quality. The Challenge: Prevent Biofouling and Reduce Chemical Dosage Reduce chemical dosage for water treatment and at the same time controlling factors that ...

Biofouling & Biomonitoring: Mussels help keep Mussels at Bay

by Sweco Nederland BV  (Jan. 1, 1999)

Untitled Document Dykes, shipwrecks, junk and just about anything else submerged in water is soon colonized by aquatic animals, particularly mussels. Unless something is ...

YWP Weinrich perspective on RO membrane biofouling reduction

by IWA Publishing  (Feb. 22, 2016)

Seawater desalination using reverse osmosis is an important part of a community’s water portfolio in coastal areas experiencing water scarcity. However, desalination using RO is expensive in part because of the costly challenges that arise from fouling on the RO membranes. Specifically, biological fouling emerged as the most poorly managed ...

Electrochlorination system: a unique method of prevention of biofouling in seawater desalination

by Inderscience Publishers  (Sep. 10, 2008)

Desalination plants require huge volumes of seawater for the generation of fresh water. Seawater contains large amounts of microbiological fluids which, when passed through the piping system, form biofouling in the inner surface of the pipeline, which results in the reduction of the flow rate of water without proper chemical treatment. Chlorine is ...

Mitigation of marine biofouling on tubes of open rack vaporizers using electromagnetic fields

by IWA Publishing  (Nov. 25, 2015)

This study quantitatively evaluates the antifouling action of the continuous physical treatment with electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of seawater used as heat exchanger fluid in an open rack vaporizer (ORV) pilot plant to reduce the growth of biofouling on external rib-tube surfaces. The results demonstrate that the biofilm adhered on the treated ...

Bioregeneration of Spent Ion-Exchange Resin Loaded with Nitrate/Perchlorate and Biofouling Removal

by Water Environment Federation (WEF)  (Oct. 13, 2007)

A new process has been developed that regenerates perchlorate/nitrate-contaminated ionexchange resins (IX) biologically without requiring the use of brine. The process consists of directly contacting perchlorate/nitrate-loaded IX resin with a perchlorate/nitrate-reducing microbial culture under anoxic/anaerobic conditions leading to conversion of ...

Application of the membrane fouling simulator to determine biofouling potential of antiscalants in membrane filtration

by IWA Publishing  (Mar. 1, 2010)

In treatment of groundwater with reverse osmosis, the applied antiscalant can significantly contribute to the formation of biofouling, especially when legislation enforces the use of biodegradable, phosphorous-free products. As an alternative to extensive piloting, the use of the membrane fouling simulator (MFS) is proposed here to assess the ...

Rapid novel test for the determination of biofouling potential on reverse osmosis membranes

by IWA Publishing  (Mar. 31, 2016)

A novel method was proposed to determine biofouling potential by direct analysis of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane through fluorescence intensity analysis of biofilm formed on the membrane surface, thereby incorporating fouling tendencies of both feedwater and membrane. Evaluation of the biofouling potential on the RO membrane was done by ...

Biofouling by bryozoans, Cordylophora and sponges in UK water treatment works

by IWA Publishing  (Jan. 1, 2011)

In recent years biofouling from native (bryozoans, sponges) and non-native (Cordylophora) animals has increased in UK water treatment works (WTW). A survey of six UK water companies and eight WTWs revealed that these taxa were more widespread and abundant than previously recognised. Primary problems related to the occlusion of underfloor nozzles ...

Effects of pipe materials on biofouling under controlled hydrodynamic conditions

by IWA Publishing  (Sep. 2, 2015)

Experiments were carried out to investigate pipe material impacts on biofouling, at high effluent concentration levels and under controlled hydrodynamic conditions. Two velocities (0.4 and 0.8 m s−1) were used to monitor biofilm growth on polyethylene (PE) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipe walls, respectively. These conditions were established ...

Inhibition of biofouling by modification of forward osmosis membrane using quaternary ammonium cation

by IWA Publishing  (Aug. 19, 2015)

In the operation of the forward osmosis (FO) process, biofouling of the membrane is a potentially serious problem. Development of an FO membrane with antibacterial properties could contribute to a reduction in biofouling. In this study, quaternary ammonium cation (QAC), a widely used biocidal material, was conjugated with a silane coupling agent ...

Membrane biofouling mechanism in an aerobic granular reactor degrading 4-chlorophenol

by IWA Publishing  (Apr. 24, 2014)

The membrane fouling of an aerobic granular reactor coupled with a submerged membrane in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was evaluated. The fouling analysis was performed by applying microscopy techniques to determine the morphology and structure of the fouling layer on a polyvinylidene fluoride membrane. It was found that the main cause of ...

Surface modification of reverse osmosis membranes with zwitterionic polymer to reduce biofouling

by IWA Publishing  (Apr. 30, 2015)

The zwitterionic homopolymer poly[2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl-dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide was coated onto the surface of commercial polyamide reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. Aqueous solutions of the polymer at different concentrations were applied to modify the polyamide membranes through an in situ surface coating procedure. ...

Da Lin Power Station Taiwan-HydroPath provides a solution for Biofouling in Power Station

by Environmental Controls & Methods, Inc. (ECMI)  (Jun. 1, 2007)

The Site: Seawater is used as a coolant in the heat exchanger. Since the temperature inside the exchanger was below 50°C, scale was not a big problem. The problem was biofouling. lnvestigations have shown that a layer of 250 microns thick microfouling can reduce heat transfer efficiency by up to 25°c. Microfouling also reduces water flow and ...

Comparison of Biofouling Control in a Membrane Bioreactor Via Two Coarse Bubble Aeration Cycles

by Water Environment Federation (WEF)  (Oct. 21, 2006)

In the membrane bioreactor (MBR) process, coarse bubble aeration is used to scour the surface of the membranes to help control biofouling. Energy required for coarse bubble aeration represents a significant fraction of the total power demand for these systems. To reduce this demand, MBR systems manufactured by Zenon Environmental Inc. operate with ...

Controlling biofouling of reverse osmosis membranes through surface modification via grafting patterned polymer brushes

by IWA Publishing  (Mar. 19, 2015)

Thin film composite (TFC) polyamide membranes are extensively used as selective barriers in reverse osmosis processes. The major challenge faced with TFC membranes is significant fouling on the surface, which restricts the overall purification performance. To address the fouling problem, we developed novel fouling-resistant surface coatings ...

Cleaning biofouled membranes early improves plant operation. Comparison of autopsy and cleaning results on a small BWRO and large SWRO

by Genesys International Limited  (Oct. 22, 2015)

Abstract It is a fact that all new reverse osmosis membranes start to foul as soon as they start operation. The only variable is the rate at which they foul. Most RO plants operate at a differential pressure (ΔP) of 1.5 - 3 bar. Cleaning usually occurs when the ΔP is 10-15% above the design specification. This paper explores the ...

The effect of mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) on biofouling in a hybrid membrane bioreactor for the treatment of high concentration organic wastewater

by IWA Publishing  (Jan. 1, 2011)

Biofouling is a crucial factor in membrane bioreactor (MBR) applications, particularly for high organic loading operations. This paper reports a study on biofouling in an MBR to establish a relationship between critical flux, Jc, mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) (ranging from 5 to 20 g L−1) and volumetric loading rate (6.3 kg COD m−3 h−1) of ...

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