biofouling prevention Articles

  • Electrochlorination system: a unique method of prevention of biofouling in seawater desalination

    Desalination plants require huge volumes of seawater for the generation of fresh water. Seawater contains large amounts of microbiological fluids which, when passed through the piping system, form biofouling in the inner surface of the pipeline, which results in the reduction of the flow rate of water without proper chemical treatment. Chlorine is the most commonly used disinfectant for water ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prevent biofouling and reduce fuel costs in sea chests, hulls and cooling basins

    Biofouling growth increases the drag on a hull which results in a ship that uses up to 40% more fuel and correspondingly produces 40% more CO2 emissions. The marine industry globally spends billions of dollars in addressing fouling, using a variety of protection methods such as coatings. LG Sonic, a Dutch algae and biofouling control solutions provider, has introduced an Industrial Line which ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Biofouling in cooling basin - Case Study

    Al Futtaim Cooling district plant incorporated the LG Sonic technology into their chemical treatment program to reduce the biocide consumption in the cooling towers and improve the water quality. The Challenge: Prevent Biofouling and Reduce Chemical Dosage Reduce chemical dosage for water treatment and at the same time controlling factors that may cause problems such as ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Cleaning biofouled membranes early improves plant operation. Comparison of autopsy and cleaning results on a small BWRO and large SWRO

    Abstract It is a fact that all new reverse osmosis membranes start to foul as soon as they start operation. The only variable is the rate at which they foul. Most RO plants operate at a differential pressure (ΔP) of 1.5 - 3 bar. Cleaning usually occurs when the ΔP is 10-15% above the design specification. This paper explores the benefits of early identification of foulants ...

  • Removing biofilm from membranes – a practical approach

    Abstract Within the lifetime of most reverse osmosis (RO) systems some fouling will adversely affect membrane performance.One of the major foulants identified on lead membranes during a decade of membrane autopsy at the Genesys Membrane laboratory is biological fouling (biofouling). All raw water sources contain microorganisms such as algae, bacteria and fungi. They also contain ...

  • Opportunistic pathogens and faecal indicators in drinking water associated biofilms in Cluj, Romania

    Biofouling occurs without exception in all water systems, with undesirable effects such as biocorrosion and deterioration of water quality. Drinking water associated biofilms represent a potential risk to human health by harbouring pathogenic or toxin-releasing microorganisms. This is the first study investigating the attached microbiota, with potential threat to human health, in a public water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mixed oxidants aid in membrane pretreatment, cleaning

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...

  • Membrane pretreatment and cleaning – mixed oxidants in practice

    The prevalence of membrane filtration is rapidly growing in both the municipal and industrial water sectors. As membrane chemistries improve, so too do operational capacities and process requirements. Two main activities that contribute to membrane efficiency and lifetime are membrane pretreatment and membrane maintenance. Maintenance may be further differentiated into periodic backwashing and ...

  • Biofilm control in water by advanced oxidation process (AOP) pre-treatment: effect of natural organic matter (NOM)

    The main goal of this study was to examine the influence of natural organic matter (NOM) on the efficiency of H2O2/UV advanced oxidation process (AOP) as a preventive treatment for biofilm control. Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilm-forming bacteria were suspended in water and exposed to various AOP conditions with different NOM concentrations, and compared to natural waters. H2O2/UV prevented ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ultrasonic algae control solutions to treat smaller water areas

    Algae has an import function in nature, it provides food and energy for animal life, and much of the earth’s oxygen. However, an excess of algae can be hazardous to both humans and animals. Research has demonstrated that ultrasound can be an effective method of controlling algal blooms. Ultrasonic algae control solutions: the differences There are various ...


    By LG Sonic

  • AFM water treatment for biodiversity

    The discharge of List 1 bio-accumulated chemicals into the marine environment is one of the most serious forms of pollution that we inflict on our environment. The marine enviroment is responsible for the production of most of our oxygen and reduction of carbon dioxide. Tropical rainforrests and terestial plants are also extremely important in dictating our local climate, however they ...


    By Dryden Aqua Ltd

  • Nature inspires a better way to block biofilms

    In many industries where equipment comes in contact with water, including those that rely on water treatment membranes, equipment fouling is a huge problem. Biofilm fouling occurs when living organisms — including bacteria, algae, and even mollusks — become attached to boat hulls, harbor structures, and other equipment. The resulting damage can be costly. Coatings and other chemical ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Algae and Biofilm control project for a drinking water treatment plant in Cyprus

    For the Ministry of Agriculture in Cyprus, LG Sound b.v installed 33 LG Sonic, ultrasonic devices in the Limassol water treatment plant, to prevent bad odour and taste to the water caused by geosmins in the water. The earthy taste problem persisted during summer of 2010 and various physical, chemical and biological tests were done in order to check the process efficiency, which showed ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Limits of UV disinfection: UV/electrolysis hybrid technology as a promising alternative for direct reuse of biologically treated wastewater

    Although UV irradiation represents an energy efficient disinfection method, bacterial regrowth in UV irradiated secondary effluents is a serious problem for their direct reuse (e.g., for domestic or irrigation purposes). The decrease of the lethal UV fluence caused by coverings (scaling and biofouling) on quartz sleeves of UV lamps and/or fluctuating specific water parameters (suspended solids, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Explosion-proof chlorine analyzers facilitate chlorination and discharge compliance of LNG terminal - Case Study

    The Dunkirk LNG terminal in France is owned and operated by the EDF subsidiary Dunkerque LNG. The terminal has facilities such as a berthing station with the hosting capacity of around 80 LNG tankers a year, unloading system and storage facilities. The LNG is transported to storage tanks by methane tankers equipped with reinforced hulls and double-walled tanks.The berth installed at the terminal ...


    By AppliTek NV

  • Economical calculations for the use of Ozone in Cooling Towers

    Abstract Ozone has been successfully applied to industrial cooling water systems with the resultant improvement in operational efficiency due to increased heat transfer, reduced system corrosion, improved environmental impact and reduced on-going chemical expenditure. The aim of this paper is to provide practical advice on the options available for the application of ozone and the potential ...


    By Absolute Systems Inc.

  • Map algal blooms with satellite remote sensing technology

    The quality of water bodies is a key determinant in the usability of the resource for the purpose required. It is therefore of great importance to managers of hydrologic resources to be able to confidently tell the status of their water resource. One of the major problems in the quality of surface water bodies is the blooming of algae and blue green algae. Algal blooms can result in ecological, ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Dissolved Oxygen – the discussion moves on

    Do Dissolved Oxygen Sensors need Cleaning? The re-emergence of Optical Dissolved Oxygen Sensors around 6-7 years ago generated a lively and interesting discussion which revolved around the relative merits of Optical and Galvanic Dissolved Oxygen sensors. We understand that opinions will differ, so in order to accommodate our customers preferences we are pleased to offer our OxyTechw² ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Map Algal Blooms with Satellite Remote Sensing Technology

    The quality of water bodies is a key determinant in the usability of the resource for the purpose required. It is therefore of great importance to managers of hydrologic resources to be able to confidently tell the status of their water resource. One of the major problems in the quality of surface water bodies is the blooming of algae and blue green algae. Algal blooms can result in ecological, ...


    By LG Sonic

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