biofuel analyser Articles

  • The impacts of Europe’s biofuel plans on carbon emissions and land

    A new study analyses the likely impacts on land use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of biofuel use by 2020, as projected in recently published National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs) in 23 EU member states. The analysis includes evidence on size and impacts of ‘indirect land use change’ (ILUC) resulting from biofuel use. It is the most comprehensive study to date to ...

  • The viability of the South African biofuels industrial strategy

    South Africa aims to replace 2% of its total liquid transportation fuels in the short term through a newly introduced biofuels industrial strategy. It is envisaged that this target is achievable without excessive economic support by utilising surplus agricultural capacity. The target is based on local production, both agricultural and manufacturing, to provide the benefits of employment, economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simplified biofuels measurements with portable mid infrared analyzers

    Product quality begins at the production facility and extends to consumer filling station. Some process control or quality verification analyses can be done with quick and simple verification tests while others require more complete tests according to the ASTM or EN approved methods. Many crucial measurements can be performed by mid-infrared (IR) analysis. These measurements include free fatty ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Global poverty and biofuel production: food vs. fuel

    From early 2008, the issue of rising global food prices moved to the forefront of the international political agenda. As a result of higher food prices, tens of millions of people were pushed into hunger and poverty around the world. Civil unrest flared up in North Africa, Vietnam and Haiti as countries introduced export restrictions on food subsidies and instituted price controls. Food price ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reports On Canadian Biofuels GHG Emissions Argue For And Against Biofuel Mandates Over Carbon Pricing

    On October 4, 2016, Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission (EFC) published a report, Course Correction: It’s Time to Rethink Canadian Biofuel Policies, arguing for the termination of biofuel subsidies. The report claims that Canadian biofuel policies have reduced greenhouse gas ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • US and international policies affecting liquid biofuels' expansion and profitability

    US and International Policies Affecting Liquid Biofuels' Expansion and Profitability. Biofuel expansion and profitability is driven by more than just biofuel policy. While direct policies such as subsidies and mandates are analysed, issues such as exchange rates, the blending wall, land use, and indirect greenhouse gas impacts, as well as petroleum prices, greatly affect biofuels' expansion and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Governance of the emerging biofuel markets in European Union: the Portuguese context

    European Union supports alternative fuels, in particular, biofuels to comply with the triple objective of reducing greenhouse gases emissions, diversifying fuel supply and developing long-term replacements for fossil fuels. The European Community set the goal to substitute 20% of the fossil fuels for road transport with alternative fuels by 2020 but the present market penetration of the biofuels ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Joint NGO letter on the environment, climate and social impacts of biofuels

    RE: Biofuels’ environment, climate and social impacts – what you can do in second reading Dear Member of the European Parliament ENVI committee, You will soon be taking a decision on how to reform the EU biofuels policy to avoid the damaging impacts from land-based biofuels on contributing to biodiversity loss, deforestation, increased greenhouse gas emissions, food ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Nitrous oxide's impact on net greenhouse gas savings from biofuels: life-cycle analysis comparison

    We discuss the likely impact of agricultural fertiliser N use on the global nitrous oxide (N2O) budget, as described by Crutzen et al. (2008). We then project the impact of full N2O accounting in biofuel net Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions using the life-cycle analyses from Farrell et al. (2006) (ERG Biofuels Analysis Meta-Model (EBAMM)), Liska et al. (2008) (Biofuel Energy Systems Simulator ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biofuel scenarios in a water perspective: The global blue and green water footprint of road transport in 2030

    Concerns over energy security and climate change stimulate developments towards renewable energy. Transport is expected to switch from fossil fuel use to the use of fuel mixtures with a larger fraction of biofuels, e.g. bio-ethanol and biodiesel. Growing biomass for biofuels requires water, a scarce resource. Existing scenarios on freshwater use usually consider changes in food and livestock ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Life cycle assessment of environmental and economic benefits of bio?ethanol in Taiwan

    To evaluate the benefits of Taiwan's bio?ethanol crop cultivation promotion on the environment, energy efficiency and economy, we undertake a recording of cultivation resources inputs data in 2007 and 2008 of four energy crops based on the LCA method. We find the net energy balance signifies energy conversion efficiency. As to the GHG, using sugarcane ethanol to replace gasoline could decrease ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preliminary studies of lignocellulosics and waste fuels for fixed bed gasification

    This study was carried out to understand the decomposition behaviour of a range of biofuel and waste feedstock during gasification in a downdraft gasifier. A laboratory scale large sample thermogravimetric analyser (LSTA) is used which allows the data on burn-out characteristics of different fuel particles to be measured under agitated conditions. The conditions chosen simulate the combustion ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Potential use of carbon dioxide by microalgae in Malaysia

    CO2 emission, which is feared to bring more harm than benefit to the environment, can be prevented and reduced through the cultivation of microalgae. Microalga is the fastest growing organism (estimated 40 times faster than terrestrial grass) and requires a high CO2 concentration to reproduce. Thus, this work evaluates the potential of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Experimental investigations on diesel engine fuelled with methyl esters of cotton seed oil

    In this investigation, cotton seed methyl ester (CSME) was prepared by transesterification using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst. The engine performance was analysed with different blends of biodiesel and was compared with neat diesel. It was concluded that the lower blends of biodiesel are closer to diesel as far as thermal efficiency is concerned. In the lower blends, the brakes specific ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of engines fuelled with biodiesel from high oleic soybeans based on experimental values

    This study dealt with energy and exergy analyses of a John Deere 4045T diesel engine run with no. 2 diesel fuel, Soybean oil Methyl Ester (SME) and High-Oleic soybean oil Methyl Ester (HOME) at 1400 1/min. It was aimed at determining energy and exergy efficiencies, energy losses and exergy destructions of the combustion process and comparing exergetically the fuels used. The specific exergy of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The potential of green gas in the Dutch transport sector

    In theory, green gas has the potential to become an attractive alternative for fossil fuels so as to contribute to the transport sector becoming more sustainable and environment–friendly. However, the large–scale implementation of green gas is hampered by many uncertainties. In this paper these uncertainties are assessed through on a series of SWOT analyses based on a study of the existing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transition of energy infrastructures: modelling the Brazilian case

    Triggered by the distress around climate change and security of supply, European countries struggle to diversify their energy portfolio while producing less carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, favouring a transition to avoid a system collapse. However, this situation is not new. Thirty years ago, prompted by two consecutive oil crises, Brazil started its transition to a less oil-dependent economy, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the pre–treatment of municipal organic waste towards fuel production: a review

    Lignocelluloses are the main constituents of municipal organic waste (MOW). In order to increase the production of fuels, via fermentations, the enzymatic hydrolysis is the first step towards a valorisation process. It is well–known that the hydrolysis of lignocelluloses is not very effective because of the high stability of the constituents. In this respect the pre–treatment of MOW is necessary ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Consumption of nitrogen and phosphorus in human urine by Spirulina platensis

    In this paper, Spirulina platensis with relatively high nutrition was cultivated to treat human urine. The cultures were maintained at 28?C ? 0.5?C and irradiated with mixed lights of red and green at a light intensity of 150 W/m². The consumption of nitrogen and phosphorus in human urine by Spirulina platensis was studied, and the treating process was analysed in detail. The results showed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiesel Analysis with Mid Infrared - From Feedstock to Fuel

    Introduction The biofuels industry is growing rapidly and so is the need for analysis to ensure quality product. The parameters for quality biodiesel require different types of instruments and measurement systems, such as gas chromatographs (GC), titrators, centrifuges, infrared spectrometers... Although claims are out there for the analyzer that will do it all, unfortunately there is no one ...


    By Spectro Scientific

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