biofuel production catalyst Articles

  • Production of biodiesel from pentaclethra macrophylla seed oil

    In the present work, the potentials of pentaclethra macrophylla (Africa oil bean) seed oil (PMSO) are evaluated for the first time as a feedstock for biodiesel. Methyl (PMFAME) and ethyl (PMFAEE) esters of PMSO were produced by standard transesterification procedure using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as catalyst and their qualities determined. Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS) runs of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Process optimisation of base catalysed transesterification of Karanja oil for biodiesel production

    Biodiesel has been receiving increasing attention due to its renewable nature, lower pollution potential and green house gas benefit compared to mineral diesel. There are numerous factors, which affect the yield of biodiesel in a transesterification process such as reaction temperature, molar ratio of alcohol to oil, catalyst concentration, stirring speed, reaction time, etc. These variables are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monoglycerides reduction in rapeseed oil transesterification for production of high quality biodiesel

    Monoglycerides are intermediate by products in rapeseed oil transesterification. If they are present in the bio-fuel and the bio-fuel is used in vehicles, then they can form crystal at cold climate and block fuel injection system of the vehicles. To solve this problem kinetic study of transesterification of rapeseed oil has been carried out in this study. The process variables such as reaction ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiesel production from high FFA crude rice bran oil and investigation on its properties as CI engine fuel

    This study is an attempt to convert high free fatty acid (FFA) crude rice bran oil (CRBO) into biodiesel and to evaluate whether the biodiesel obtained meets the biodiesel quality standards prescribed by ASTM D 6751-07b. CRBO was subjected to a two-step transesterification process using HCl and NaOH as acid and base catalyst respectively with a 15% v/v of methanol to oil ratio. This process ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of precursors on the catalytic activity of alumina for bio-ethanol dehydration in microchannel reactors

    In this paper, the catalytic activity of alumina for bio-ethanol dehydration was studied in a microchannel reactor. Five catalysts were prepared from precursors with different ratios of AlOOH (pseudo boehmite) and Al(OH)3 (bayerite). The physicochemical properties of catalysts were characterised by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD). The influence of reaction ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Parametric study of biodiesel quality and yield using a bench-top processor

    Biodiesel is a renewable liquid fuel alternative to petrodiesel. It is produced by the transesterification of vegetable oil and alcohol in the presence of a catalyst. A 1.5 L bench-top biodiesel processor was constructed to study the effect of feedstock and operating conditions on the conversion and the biodiesel quality. Biodiesel was produced from several oil feedstocks using methanol and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiesel Analysis with Mid Infrared - From Feedstock to Fuel

    Introduction The biofuels industry is growing rapidly and so is the need for analysis to ensure quality product. The parameters for quality biodiesel require different types of instruments and measurement systems, such as gas chromatographs (GC), titrators, centrifuges, infrared spectrometers... Although claims are out there for the analyzer that will do it all, unfortunately there is no one ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Innovative Ammonia Control case study

    Ammonia has increasingly become more of a regulatory concern. Ammonia emissions into the atmosphere have been linked to the formation of fine particulate matter, while ammonia emissions in wastewater are restricted because of the negative affect the chemical has on rivers, lake, and aquifers. Many sources of biofuels contain ammonia or can create ammonia during processing. The following case ...

  • A comparative study of molar ratio effect on transesterification of Jatropha Curcas using kinetic and fuzzy techniques

    Biodiesel is a biodegradable source of fuel that can be synthesised from edible, non-edible and waste oils through transesterification process. In this paper, we presented transesterification reaction of Jatropha Curcas oil by using sodium hydroxide catalyst at 150°C in batch reactor. Further, we designed the fuzzy model of the molar ratio and the performance evaluated by comparing fuzzy model ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiesel fuel for transportation: Status and issues in the United States

    The United States consumed 3.39 billion barrels of gasoline, 1.54 billion barrels of diesel fuel, and 0.59 billion barrels of jet fuel in 2007. And it currently imports 3.66 billion barrels of oil and petroleum products per year, 65% of US consumption, compared to 1.71 billion barrels (or 36%) 20 years ago. To address the growing gap between petroleum consumption and domestic production, the US ...

  • 20th Annual Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards highlight biomass- and waste-to-resource technologies

    On July 13, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the winners of the 20th Annual Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards (PGCCA) and honored them at a ceremony at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. The PGCCAs were created in partnership with the American Chemical ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • How is biodiesel produced?

    This article is the first in a series that will take a close look at alternative fuels production and source materials. Over the next several months, we will cover natural gas, propane, ethanol, hydrogen, and fuel cells. This month, we will focus on biodiesel. Methods for creating fuels from renewable biomass feedstocks have been used since the 1800s. Vegetable oils were used in diesel engines ...

  • The Right Mix for Clean Air

    Reducing air pollution is an increasingly important topic all around the world. Many governments—also in developing countries—set new limits for emissions such as nitrogen oxides in flue gas. Sulzer offers advanced mixing technology for flue gas cleaning. The installation in a large power plant shows that these high-performance mixers can cope with the most difficult requirements. ...


    By Sulzer

  • Commericalizing cellulosic ethanol

    Cellulosic biofuels, produced from nonfood feedstock, are expected to play a critical role in reducing the country's dependence on imported oil. EISA, the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, calls for the production of 100 million gallons per year (mgpy) of cellulosic biofuels by 2010, with a longer term goal of 16 billion gallons by 2022.Achieving these goals will not be easy. Several ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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