biogas conversion Articles

  • Emerging Waste Conversion Technologies

    Today, people and companies are more aware and concerned about the environment than ever before. Everyone is looking for ways to reduce waste or convert organic waste into something more useful. The Federal Government has introduced a renewable energy policy and is continuing to fund for new waste conversion technology. It is now important for local governments to portray their cities and towns ...

  • Conversion of food waste into hydrogen by thermophilic acidogenesis

    Conversion of food waste into hydrogen by thermophilic acidogenesis was investigated as a function of organic loading rate (OLR), hydraulic retention time (HRT) and pH in a continuous stirred tank reactor. In order to identify hydrogen-producing microorganisms, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) – amplified V3 region of 16S rDNA analysis was ...


    By Springer

  • CHP efficiency for biogas

    Combined heat and power plant efficiency is a function of the conversion efficiency of the energy in the fuel gas to useful energy in the form of electricity and heat. A combined heat and power (CHP) plant is typically a reciprocating gas engine that uses the energy in the gas to drive a crank shaft. The crank shaft turns an alternator to ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Energy from biogas

    From an ecological and economical perspective, biogas is an important source of energy. The fossil resources are limited, and they impose a high burden on the environment. A resourceconserving alternative made from biomass poses a different scenario. The raw material is renewable, and conversion only releases as much CO2 as was previously contained by the source material. With the technological ...


    By Triangle Ltd

  • Electric Utilities Hook up To Biogas

    Pennsylvania Power & Light, Alliant Energy, Wisconsin Electric and Portland General Electric are some utilities that are plugging into anaerobic digestion projects. AT the October, 2001 BioCycle conference on “Renewable Energy from Organics Recycling,” the director of the Iowa Energy Center, Floyd Barwig, pointed out that the possibility of separating the United States from Middle ...


  • Using biogas for combined heat and power

    An integral part of the majority of anaerobic digestion facilities across the world is the CHP combined heat and power (CHP) engine. For the first time builder of a biogas plant, it is often neglected as the focus is on reducing the capital costs ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Using biogas for combined heat and power

    An integral part of the majority of anaerobic digestion facilities across the world is the CHP combined heat and power (CHP) engine. For the first time builder of a biogas plant, it is often neglected as the focus is on reducing the capital costs ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Latest analytical technology ensures biogas efficiency

    Anaerobic Digestion (AD) relies on the ability of specific micro-organisms to convert organic material into a gas that can be used to generate electricity. However, these bacteria require specific conditions if they are to function effectively and instrumentation specialist company HACH LANGE has developed a range of online, portable and laboratory instruments that have enabled a large number of ...


  • Minnesota Dairy Runs Hydrogen Fuel Cell on Biogas

    Untitled Document Demonstration project with ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Enhancement in the Treatment Efficiency and Conversion to Energy of Dairy Wastewaters by Augmenting CST Reactors With Simple Biofilm Support Systems

    Dairy wastewaters are rich in organic carbon and nutrients. When disposed without proper treatment they cause severe pollution of water and land. But if treated by anaerobic fermentation such wastewaters can yield useful clean energy in the form of methane. The systems commonly used for such fermentation throughout the world are Continuously Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs). We describe attempts to ...


  • Sludge accumulation and conversion to methane in a septic tank treating domestic wastewater or black water

    Although the septic tank is the most applied on-site system for wastewater pre-treatment, limited research has been performed to determine sludge accumulation and biogas production in the tank. Therefore a dynamic mathematical model based on the Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1) was developed for anaerobic digestion of the accumulated sludge in a septic tank treating domestic wastewater or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of the solid content on biogas production from Jatropha curcas seed cake

    Anaerobic conversion of Jatropha curcas seed cake was studied in a five–litre working volume batch reactor at 30°C. Over a 60–day operating period, a slurry of seed cake in water at a 1 : 20 seed cake–to–water ratio showed the highest methane yield of 296 litre methane/kg Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) degraded (or 156 litre/kg of Jatropha curcas seed cake added) and achieved 52% COD removal. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Analytical approach for predicting biogas generation in a municipal solid waste anaerobic digester

    The increasing worldwide industrialization, urbanization and population explosion in major metropolitan cities have significantly affected the amount of wastes generated from municipal solid wastes (MSW). Beukering et al., (1999) accounted for industrialization as an important factor that increases waste generation. Anand (1999) focused on urbanization as an important variable in waste ...


    By University of Tehran

  • From biogas to natural gas - A new renewable fuel supply line

    Continents and countries that depend on fossil fuels, such as Europe, and within Europe, northern Europe, are increasingly looking with interest at renewable energies and are committed to developing such energies as a source for future development. Biogas from different sources is a valuable material for the production of energy, chemical products and bio-fuels. Because it is a renewable energy, ...


    By Energy & Waste S.l

  • Assessing Feasibility of Direct Drive Technology for Energy Recovery from Digester Biogas

    ABSTRACTThe Regional Municipality of Waterloo completed a study, with support from Environment Canada, to evaluate the feasibility of using direct drive technology to recover energy from digester biogas. The study identified that a 150 HP engine, operating at 54 % load, could be supported by the estimated gas production of 1560 m3/d with 63 % methane by volume. ...

  • Treatment of Biogas Produced in Anaerobic Reactors for Domestic Wastewater: Odor Control and Energy/Resource Recovery

    Anaerobic municipal wastewater treatment in developing countries has important potential applications considering their huge lack of sanitation infrastructure and their advantageous climatic conditions. At present, among the obstacles that this technology encounters, odor control and biogas utilization or disposal should be properly addressed. In fact, in most of small and medium size anaerobic ...


    By Springer

  • Novel anaerobic digestion process with sludge ozonation for economically feasible power production from biogas

    A novel process scheme was developed to achieve economically feasible energy recovery from anaerobic digestion. The new process scheme employs a hybrid configuration of mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion with sludge ozonation: the ozonated sludge is first degraded in a thermophilic digester and then further degraded in a mesophilic digester. In small-scale pilot experiments of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beating treatment to enhance digestibility of fresh grass

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the most popular biomass conversion technologies. AD can be further divided into four stages: pre–treatment, digestion, gas upgrading and digestate. The main goal of pre–treatment is to improve degradability of the material in order to enhance gas production and anaerobic digester performance. Beating treatment as a new mechanical treatment technique has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrated environmental biotechnology-oriented framework for solid waste management and control in Nigeria

    Several environmental problems arising from man's activity have to be solved in a cost-effective and an environmentally friendly approach. In this paper, a framework for an integrated management and control of solid waste in the south-east zone of Nigeria is presented. The major activities include collection and transportation of solid waste to designated areas, separation of reusable components ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pilot-scale experiment on thermally hydrolyzed sludge liquor anaerobic digestion using a mesophilic expanded granular sludge bed reactor

    A pilot process of thermal hydrolysis combined with an expanded granular sludge bed reactor (EGSB) was carried out to evaluate pretreated sludge liquor into biogas conversion, process stability, and energy input/output balance. Approximately 25% of suspended solids of sludge were liquefied into aqueous phase during thermal hydrolysis pretreatment, which resulted in chemical oxygen demand ...


    By IWA Publishing

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