biogas digester model Articles

  • Modelling of anaerobic digester biogas production: case study of a pilot project in Morocco

    An anaerobic digestion pilot system was implemented in June 2010 in the Moroccan village of Dayet Ifrah. The input material consists of toilet wastewater and cattle manure. Biogas is produced under anaerobic conditions. It is used for heating and cooking. This biogas system could be an useful sanitation technology due to its ability to treat wastewater. The biogas system was monitored over 86 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biogas in Asia

    The development of biogas production and monitoring has had many twists and turns, from its early days in Germany to the heady days of support through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).   The fall in the price of carbon credits, which rewarded reduction in emissions of methane (CH4) - a potent greenhouse gas - and use of methane from waste as renewable energy, has hit Asia ...


    By Geotech

  • Anaerobic digestion of aliphatic polyesters

    Anaerobic processes for the treatment of plastic materials waste represent versatile and effective approach in environmental protection and solid waste management. In this work, anaerobic biodegradability of model aliphatic polyesters, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA), and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), in the form of powder and melt-pressed films with varying molar mass, was studied. Biogas production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Golf and a Small Anaerobic Digester

    Golf course associations and golf clubs around the world are looking at ways to improve the sport’s environmental criteria.  Sustainable developments and low carbon footprint operations are the name of the game.  As golf courses use fertiliser for the courses, power for the maintenance machinery, and power for the golf carts, there are many areas where sustainability of the sport ...


    By SEaB Energy Ltd.

  • Anaerobic Digestion—What Are the Economics?

    Although solid waste AD facilities are just starting to emerge, haulers and their customers may see some benefits if the development trend continues. A Pro Forma Model objective can be constructed for strategic planning of an anaerobic digestion facility. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of food wastes in the U.S. is a developing market that is poised for continued growth in many regions. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been used to treat sewage sludge by the United Kingdom’s (UK) water industry for over 100 years. More recent years have seen a revolution as AD has swiftly expanded into agricultural feedstocks and food waste. Data from the Waste Resource and Action Programme (WRAP) shows that in the past year alone, there has been a 46 percent growth in the size of the sector. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Velocity gradient as a tool to characterise the link between mixing and biogas production in anaerobic waste digesters

    Whilst the importance of mixing in anaerobic digesters to enhance process performance and gas production is well recognised, the specific effects of mixing regime on biogas production are not clear. Here, the velocity gradient is used to demonstrate the importance of minimally mixed zones in a digester, with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models indicating that 20–85% of a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry: experiments and modeling

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry was carried out in a batch digester. To study the effect of the pH values as well as the nutrient medium on the fermentation process, different parameters were monitored under mesophilic temperature, such as cumulative biogas volume, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total sugar, and biomass growth. It was found that for all cases, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • AD and Biogas Technology Developments in UK

    The anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association’s fourth annual trade show and conference — UK AD & Biogas 2013 — attracted a busy stream of visitors to Birmingham, England in early July, demonstrating a growing interest in this vibrant industry sector. The event included facility tours, conference sessions, workshops, free one-on-one consultations with industry experts, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A modified anaerobic digestion process with chemical sludge pre-treatment and its modelling

    Activated Sludge Models (ASMs) assume an unbiodegradable organic particulate fraction in the activated sludge, which is derived from the decay of active microorganisms in the sludge and/or introduced from wastewater. In this study, a seasonal change of such activated sludge constituents in a municipal wastewater treatment plant was monitored for 1.5 years. The chemical oxygen demand ratio of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What`s New? Biogas Power

    Technologies that connect the biogas line to the power line include cooling and clean up components, microturbines and reciprocating gas engines and control systems. TOP BILLING on the biogas to electricity stage typically goes to the microturbines and reciprocating gas engines. But in the theater of renewable energy from organics recycling, the show can’t go on without the supporting cast of gas ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Modeling anaerobic digestion of municipal wastewater sludges: an elemental approach

    An experimental study that examined the elemental composition of waste activated sludge as it progressed through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion was completed. It was found that the oxygen mass fraction of the VSS increased while the carbon content decreased as digestion progressed. Small differences were observed in the responses observed for mesophilic and thermophilic digestion ...

  • "Four in one" model and the development of household biogas in northern China

    By reviewing the development of household biogas in China, one of the key factors which impeded the use of biogas in northern China was noted - how a biogas digester lives through the winter. In order to solve this problem, a model named "Four in one" has been proposed by some researchers. In this paper, this model, including its structure, technical features, and benefit was introduced and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Increasing biogas yield through addition of food waste

    1. Introduction The Moosburg wastewater treatment plant has one 634,008 gallons anaerobic digester, which was designed to process a maximum 23,775 gallons/day of activated sludge at 3.5% solids. The AD is currently processing 17,170 gallons/day of sludge and producing 39decatherms/day of energy from biogas. The operators would like to better utilize their anaerobic ...


    By Yield Energy Inc.

  • Digester Developer Taps Natural Gas Markets

    IN the late 1990s, Dan Eastman and two colleagues were researching business opportunities in the renewable energy industry. They were looking for a commercially viable technology that could take renewable energy from an experimental phase to a solid business investment. In 1999, Eastman and his partners founded Microgy, Inc., with its base in Wisconsin. The company licensed the Xergi anaerobic ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Digester Developers Target Mixed Organic Waste Streams

     emerging group of commercial companies see a viable business opportunity in North America around building, owning and operating larger scale anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities to process mixed organic waste streams. In some instances, the projects being proposed and constructed only include anaerobic digester operations. In others, there is a combination of digestion with back-end ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Microturbines, Gas Engines Link Biogas to the Grid

    OPPORTUNITIES to produce electricity from methane are being improved continuously as manufacturers introduce new and upgraded equipment to address market needs and varying characteristics of raw biogas. In the renewable energy from organics recycling arena, the two primary types of electricity generation equipment are microturbines and reciprocating gas engines. This article provides a brief ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A fuzzy rule–based approach for modelling effects of bench–scale microwave pre–treatment on solubilisation and anaerobic digestion of secondary sludge

    Fuzzy rule–based models were proposed in order to predict the effect of microwave pretreatment on the waste activated sludge (WAS) solubility and anaerobic digestibility or biogas production. The developed models were trained and validated using the experimental data from two separate multilevel factorial designs, containing 24 solubilisation and 54 biogas production runs from batch mesophilic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Macroscopic temporal studies on the effect of waste plastic materials on anaerobic digestion of raw vegetable market wastes: experiment and modelling

    Rapid urbanisation of the human society has resulted in increasing quantities of municipal solid wastes (MSW). One significant component of MSW is waste plastics (WP). Most of those WP are non-biodegradable and impermeable in nature. It is generally advised that these WP should be retrieved and separated before the landfill operation. This includes an additional cost of operation. To date, no ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Impact of copper and cadmium on aerobic and anaerobic digestibility of sonicated sludge

    The effects of the introduction of a sludge reduction process such as ultrasound on batch aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability after exposition to two metals (copper and cadmium) were investigated. The specific energy of ultrasonic treatment applied to the sludge was 200,000 kJ kg TS-1. Ultrasonic treatment led to floc size reduction and to organic matter solubilization. Low copper ( ...


    By IWA Publishing

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