biogas digester modelling Articles

  • Anaerobic Digest

    Washington, DC: NOSB Considers Digestate Use Petition The National Organic Standards Board (NOSB) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has agreed to consider a petition from Cenergy USA, the makers of Magic Dirt™, to allow use of digestate from anaerobic digestion plants in organic agriculture. Magic Dirt is made from digested dairy manure fibers. The soil amendment products ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Anaerobic digestion of aliphatic polyesters

    Anaerobic processes for the treatment of plastic materials waste represent versatile and effective approach in environmental protection and solid waste management. In this work, anaerobic biodegradability of model aliphatic polyesters, poly(L-lactic acid) (PLA), and poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL), in the form of powder and melt-pressed films with varying molar mass, was studied. Biogas production ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • January Anaerobic Digest

    San Francisco Bay Region, California: ABC Digester Operator Training Course The American Biogas Council (ABC) has organized a 3-day, hands-on operator training course, February 6-8, 2018 in the San Francisco Bay area, that focuses on digester operations overall with an additional emphasis on renewable natural gas (RNG) and codigestion at wastewater treatment plants. Each morning starts ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Golf and a Small Anaerobic Digester

    Golf course associations and golf clubs around the world are looking at ways to improve the sport’s environmental criteria.  Sustainable developments and low carbon footprint operations are the name of the game.  As golf courses use fertiliser for the courses, power for the maintenance machinery, and power for the golf carts, there are many areas where sustainability of the sport ...


    By SEaB Energy Ltd.

  • Anaerobic Digestion—What Are the Economics?

    Although solid waste AD facilities are just starting to emerge, haulers and their customers may see some benefits if the development trend continues. A Pro Forma Model objective can be constructed for strategic planning of an anaerobic digestion facility. Anaerobic digestion (AD) of food wastes in the U.S. is a developing market that is poised for continued growth in many regions. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • Anaerobic digestion in the United Kingdom

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) has been used to treat sewage sludge by the United Kingdom’s (UK) water industry for over 100 years. More recent years have seen a revolution as AD has swiftly expanded into agricultural feedstocks and food waste. Data from the Waste Resource and Action Programme (WRAP) shows that in the past year alone, there has been a 46 percent growth in the size of the sector. ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Facilitating Food Waste Digestion

    Increasing volumes of commercial food waste, much of it contaminated or packaged, led digestion facility in South San Francisco to install a depackaging unit. South San Francisco Scavenger Company (SSFSC) and Blue Line Transfer, the facility that handles SSFSC’s recycling and disposal, started up its dry anaerobic digester (AD) in late 2014. Situated at Blue Line’s 11-acre site in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Velocity gradient as a tool to characterise the link between mixing and biogas production in anaerobic waste digesters

    Whilst the importance of mixing in anaerobic digesters to enhance process performance and gas production is well recognised, the specific effects of mixing regime on biogas production are not clear. Here, the velocity gradient is used to demonstrate the importance of minimally mixed zones in a digester, with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models indicating that 20–85% of a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry: experiments and modeling

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry was carried out in a batch digester. To study the effect of the pH values as well as the nutrient medium on the fermentation process, different parameters were monitored under mesophilic temperature, such as cumulative biogas volume, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total sugar, and biomass growth. It was found that for all cases, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A modified anaerobic digestion process with chemical sludge pre-treatment and its modelling

    Activated Sludge Models (ASMs) assume an unbiodegradable organic particulate fraction in the activated sludge, which is derived from the decay of active microorganisms in the sludge and/or introduced from wastewater. In this study, a seasonal change of such activated sludge constituents in a municipal wastewater treatment plant was monitored for 1.5 years. The chemical oxygen demand ratio of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling anaerobic digestion of municipal wastewater sludges: an elemental approach

    An experimental study that examined the elemental composition of waste activated sludge as it progressed through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion was completed. It was found that the oxygen mass fraction of the VSS increased while the carbon content decreased as digestion progressed. Small differences were observed in the responses observed for mesophilic and thermophilic digestion ...

  • Digester Developers Target Mixed Organic Waste Streams

     emerging group of commercial companies see a viable business opportunity in North America around building, owning and operating larger scale anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities to process mixed organic waste streams. In some instances, the projects being proposed and constructed only include anaerobic digester operations. In others, there is a combination of digestion with back-end ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • A fuzzy rule–based approach for modelling effects of bench–scale microwave pre–treatment on solubilisation and anaerobic digestion of secondary sludge

    Fuzzy rule–based models were proposed in order to predict the effect of microwave pretreatment on the waste activated sludge (WAS) solubility and anaerobic digestibility or biogas production. The developed models were trained and validated using the experimental data from two separate multilevel factorial designs, containing 24 solubilisation and 54 biogas production runs from batch mesophilic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Macroscopic temporal studies on the effect of waste plastic materials on anaerobic digestion of raw vegetable market wastes: experiment and modelling

    Rapid urbanisation of the human society has resulted in increasing quantities of municipal solid wastes (MSW). One significant component of MSW is waste plastics (WP). Most of those WP are non-biodegradable and impermeable in nature. It is generally advised that these WP should be retrieved and separated before the landfill operation. This includes an additional cost of operation. To date, no ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comprehensive review and compilation of pretreatments for mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion

    Organic matter hydrolysis prior to anaerobic digestion has been shown to improve biogas production (30–50%) and reduce solids (20–60%) by ultrasound, chemical, conventional heating, and microwave pretreatments. Numerous studies have been performed to determine the extent of digestion improvement but few focus on financial feasibility of these processes. A comprehensive model was created using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of copper and cadmium on aerobic and anaerobic digestibility of sonicated sludge

    The effects of the introduction of a sludge reduction process such as ultrasound on batch aerobic and anaerobic biodegradability after exposition to two metals (copper and cadmium) were investigated. The specific energy of ultrasonic treatment applied to the sludge was 200,000 kJ kg TS-1. Ultrasonic treatment led to floc size reduction and to organic matter solubilization. Low copper ( ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The elimination of siloxanes from the biogas of a wastewater treatment plant by means of an adsorption process

    Siloxanes present in the biogas produced during anaerobic digestion in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) can damage the mechanism of cogeneration heat engines and obstruct the process of energy valorization. The objective of this research is to detect the presence of siloxanes in the biogas and evaluate a procedure for their elimination. A breakthrough curve of a synthetic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alkaline treatment of high-solids sludge and its application to anaerobic digestion

    High-solids anaerobic digestion is a promising new process for sludge reduction and bioenergy recovery, requiring smaller digestion tanks and less energy for heating, but a longer digestion time, than traditional low-solids anaerobic digestion. To accelerate this process, alkaline sludge disintegration was tested as a pretreatment method for anaerobic digestion of high-solids sludge. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • Application of super-twisting observers to the estimation of state and unknown inputs in an anaerobic digestion system

    This paper presents the estimation of the unknown states and inputs of an anaerobic digestion system characterized by a two-step reaction model. The estimation is based on the measurement of the two substrate concentrations and of the outflow rate of biogas and relies on the use of an observer, consisting of three parts. The first is a generalized super-twisting observer, which estimates a ...


    By IWA Publishing

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