biogas model Articles

  • Biogas in Asia

    The development of biogas production and monitoring has had many twists and turns, from its early days in Germany to the heady days of support through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).   The fall in the price of carbon credits, which rewarded reduction in emissions of methane (CH4) - a potent greenhouse gas - and use of methane from waste as renewable energy, has hit Asia ...


    By Geotech

  • CHP efficiency for biogas

    Combined heat and power plant efficiency is a function of the conversion efficiency of the energy in the fuel gas to useful energy in the form of electricity and heat. A combined heat and power (CHP) plant is typically a reciprocating gas engine that uses the energy in the gas to drive a crank shaft. The crank shaft turns an alternator to ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Biogas desulfurization and biogas upgrading using a hybrid membrane system – modeling study

    Membrane gas permeation using glassy membranes proved to be a suitable method for biogas upgrading and natural gas substitute production on account of low energy consumption and high compactness. Glassy membranes are very effective in the separation of bulk carbon dioxide and water from a methane-containing stream. However, the content of hydrogen sulfide can be lowered only partially. This work ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • AD and Biogas Technology Developments in UK

    The anaerobic Digestion and Biogas Association’s fourth annual trade show and conference — UK AD & Biogas 2013 — attracted a busy stream of visitors to Birmingham, England in early July, demonstrating a growing interest in this vibrant industry sector. The event included facility tours, conference sessions, workshops, free one-on-one consultations with industry experts, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • What`s New? Biogas Power

    Technologies that connect the biogas line to the power line include cooling and clean up components, microturbines and reciprocating gas engines and control systems. TOP BILLING on the biogas to electricity stage typically goes to the microturbines and reciprocating gas engines. But in the theater of renewable energy from organics recycling, the show can’t go on without the supporting cast of gas ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • "Four in one" model and the development of household biogas in northern China

    By reviewing the development of household biogas in China, one of the key factors which impeded the use of biogas in northern China was noted - how a biogas digester lives through the winter. In order to solve this problem, a model named "Four in one" has been proposed by some researchers. In this paper, this model, including its structure, technical features, and benefit was introduced and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of anaerobic digester biogas production: case study of a pilot project in Morocco

    An anaerobic digestion pilot system was implemented in June 2010 in the Moroccan village of Dayet Ifrah. The input material consists of toilet wastewater and cattle manure. Biogas is produced under anaerobic conditions. It is used for heating and cooking. This biogas system could be an useful sanitation technology due to its ability to treat wastewater. The biogas system was monitored over 86 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Increasing biogas yield through addition of food waste

    1. Introduction The Moosburg wastewater treatment plant has one 634,008 gallons anaerobic digester, which was designed to process a maximum 23,775 gallons/day of activated sludge at 3.5% solids. The AD is currently processing 17,170 gallons/day of sludge and producing 39decatherms/day of energy from biogas. The operators would like to better utilize their anaerobic ...


    By Yield Energy Inc.

  • Behaviour and adsorptive removal of siloxanes in sewage sludge biogas

    We investigated the behaviour of siloxanes, which adversely affect biogas engines, as well as their concentration levels in sewage sludge biogas in Japan. We also performed experiments on the absorptive removal of siloxanes using various adsorbents and determined the main adsorbent characteristics required for the removal of siloxanes. The results of our study on the concentration and composition ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microturbines, Gas Engines Link Biogas to the Grid

    OPPORTUNITIES to produce electricity from methane are being improved continuously as manufacturers introduce new and upgraded equipment to address market needs and varying characteristics of raw biogas. In the renewable energy from organics recycling arena, the two primary types of electricity generation equipment are microturbines and reciprocating gas engines. This article provides a brief ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Recovering energy from biogas emission: the case of Mariana Mantovana landfill (Italy)

    This paper deals with the analytic rating of the economic investment in an energy recovery plant for municipal waste, in relation to the estimate of its capability to exploit biogas production transformation, and sale of electricity production, and the Green Certificates. The approach entails the assessment of potential scenarios of biogas flare coming from its production forecasts, according to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Geotech’s portable and fixed biogas monitors give worldwide reliability

    Used in varied biogas applications in over 60 countries worldwide, these three examples from the Netherlands, Thailand and Czech Republic show how reliability, accuracy and simplicity of use are critical for Geotech’s anaerobic digestion (AD) customers’ business operations. Leading product quality is backed up by full after-sales care, through local support centres and full technical ...


    By Geotech

  • Spatial diffusion of biogas technology in Switzerland: a GIS-based multi-agent simulation approach

    In this paper, we study the viability and spatial diffusion of agricultural biogas technology in Switzerland by means of a multi-agent simulation model. The simulation process displays the estimated dissemination of biogas technology in the different regions of Switzerland over the period from 2006 to 2025, taking the varying circumstances for biogas use in each region explicitly into account. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coupling ASM3 and ADM1 for wastewater treatment process optimisation and biogas production in a developing country: case-study Surat, India

    The overall performance of the Anjana wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) located in Surat, India, was assessed by coupling the Activated Sludge Model No. 3 (ASM3) and the Anaerobic Digestion Model No. 1 (ADM1). Guidelines developed by the Dutch Foundation for Applied Water Research (STOWA) were successfully applied for the determination of wastewater characteristics. Concerning the fractionation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Velocity gradient as a tool to characterise the link between mixing and biogas production in anaerobic waste digesters

    Whilst the importance of mixing in anaerobic digesters to enhance process performance and gas production is well recognised, the specific effects of mixing regime on biogas production are not clear. Here, the velocity gradient is used to demonstrate the importance of minimally mixed zones in a digester, with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models indicating that 20–85% of a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimates of CO2 emissions reduction and potential power generation from biogas at Mare Chicose landfill

    In this study, the annual generation of Landfill Gas (LFG) and methane using the Scholl-Canyon model have been predicted for 1998-2030 for five scenarios of landfill management at the Mare Chicose landfill in Mauritius. Using the Approved Large-Scale Methodology AM003 and Approved Baseline Methodology AM0010 of the Approved Methodologies for CDM activities, the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enrichment of biogas production from mixture of rubber seed cake and cow dung using TiO
    2
    catalyst and temperature

    Biomethanisation process of rubber seed cake and cow dung were influenced by the effect of catalyst, temperature and acetic acid. TiO2 catalyst was used for the study. The maximum biogas yield was obtained from the substrate mixed with 2% TiO2 at 40°C with constant stirring but the yield obtained was very insignificant in the absence of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry: experiments and modeling

    Anaerobic digestion of wastewater from the fruit juice industry was carried out in a batch digester. To study the effect of the pH values as well as the nutrient medium on the fermentation process, different parameters were monitored under mesophilic temperature, such as cumulative biogas volume, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total sugar, and biomass growth. It was found that for all cases, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling anaerobic digestion of municipal wastewater sludges: an elemental approach

    An experimental study that examined the elemental composition of waste activated sludge as it progressed through mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic digestion was completed. It was found that the oxygen mass fraction of the VSS increased while the carbon content decreased as digestion progressed. Small differences were observed in the responses observed for mesophilic and thermophilic digestion ...

  • A fuzzy rule–based approach for modelling effects of bench–scale microwave pre–treatment on solubilisation and anaerobic digestion of secondary sludge

    Fuzzy rule–based models were proposed in order to predict the effect of microwave pretreatment on the waste activated sludge (WAS) solubility and anaerobic digestibility or biogas production. The developed models were trained and validated using the experimental data from two separate multilevel factorial designs, containing 24 solubilisation and 54 biogas production runs from batch mesophilic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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