biogenic fuel Articles

  • EU fuel quality monitoring — 2014

    Each year, under the requirements of the European Union (EU) Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) (1), EU Member States must report various types of information relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels sold in their territories. More specifically, Member States must sample fuels each year and analyse their technical characteristics to ensure that they are consistent with the requirements of the ...

  • Workshop Proceedings: QUOVADIS Waste-to-Fuel Conversion? A Thinkshop

    Waste incineration practices are currently being diversified and optimised in terms of the efficiency of the recovery of the energy embedded in the waste. One of these tendencies is the conversion of non-hazardous waste into an adequate form for utilisation in an efficient combustion process. The fact that Directive 2000/76/EC on the incineration of waste (WID) now covers both incineration and ...


  • Co-firing Solid Recovered Fuels (SRFs) with brown coal in large-scale pulverised fuel power plants – a simulation approach

    The results of the numerical simulations performed in a pulverised fuel boiler co-firing coal and Solid Recovered Fuels (SRFs) are presented. SRFs are initially modelled as a mixture of two different fractions (biogenic and plastic) and further simplifications are proposed to save computational expenses. The SRF submodels are validated with available data obtained from a laboratory-scale ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Conception of a Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) incineration plant and its environmental benefit

    Since landfill ban was realised in July 2009 in Germany, wastes that have a high and middle calorific value must be incinerated. Fossil fuels like oil and coal for the generation of electricity and/or heat can be substituted, so that approximately 4 million tons of CO2 could be avoided. Waste incineration is a possible partial solution for avoiding worst ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bioenergy and greenhouse gases

    Branches, stalks, and manure are waste no longer; bioenergy is part of the solution to reducing greenhouse-gas emissions. A study released by the Green Power Institute, the Renewable Energy Program of the Pacific Institute, reports that converting forest residues, agricultural and urban biomass waste, and gases from manure and landfills into energy helps reduce our greenhouse-gas emissions and ...


    By Pacific Institute

  • Neptune Project Deliverable D2.1

    Within WP2 in the Neptune project, promising technologies were developed and further investigated for sustainable wastewater treatment, where wastewater is regarded as a resource rather than as a waste. These technologies comprise microbial fuel cells for energy recuperation, denitrification and production of added value product. For the removal of micropollutants two new technologies were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Full-energy-chain greenhouse-gas emissions: a comparison between nuclear power, hydropower, solar power and wind power

    Fair comparison of the climate impacts from different energy sources can be made only by accounting for the emissions of all relevant greenhouse gases (GHGs) from the full energy chain (FENCH) of the energy sources. FENCH-GHG emission factors of most of the non-fossil fuel energies are lower than those of the fossil fuels that are in the range of 500-1200 g CO2/kW h(e). The improvement ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Preparing for EPA’s mandatory reporting of greenhouse gases rule

    Recent action by the US EPA to finalize the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Rule means that environmental managers must now seriously examine whether they are fully prepared to address the imminent requirements. This article provides some assistance by summarizing key points regarding the final versus proposed rule, providing clarification on key questions that have arisen since the ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • EPA isues GHG BACT guidance

    Beginning in 2011, major sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that trigger Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permitting must implement Best Available Control Technology (BACT) for GHG emissions from new and modified sources. EPA has issued a variety of guidance in an attempt to clarify the BACT determination process for GHG emissions from common stationary sources:1 EPA’s ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Is it better to burn or bury waste for clean electricity generation?

    The use of municipal solid waste (MSW) to generate electricity through landfill-gas-to-energy (LFGTE) and waste-to-energy (WTE)projectsrepresentsroughly14%ofU.S.nonhydrorenewable electricity generation. Although various aspects of LFGTE and WTE have been analyzed in the literature, this paper is the first to present a comprehensive set of life-cycle emission factors per unit of electricity ...


    By Novo Energy, LLC

  • Bio-SNG featured in energy world in February 2011

    The use of bio-fuels for heating and lighting pre-dates the use of fossil fuels by thousands of years. However, unlike with fossil fuels, a systematic knowledge of the challenges posed by solid bio-fuels is not as widely understood, a fact attributable to the exponential acceleration of fossil fuel usage as global demand increased during the industrial revolution. In the wake of this, producers ...


    By CNG Services Limited

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • Understanding cementitious resurfacers in water and wastewater environments

    An adhesion study of cementitious repair mortars used to address the surface defects and irregularities found in new or rehabilitative concrete construction is generating interest within the municipal water and wastewater construction industry, according to the author of a technical paper and several articles on the subject.Vaughn O’Dea, Director of Sales – Water and Wastewater Treatment for ...


    By Tnemec Company, Inc.

  • National Air Pollutant Emission Trends, 1900-1998

     Executive Summary What information is presented in this report? This report presents the United States (U.S.) Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) latest estimates of national emissions for criteria air pollutants: carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOX ), volatile organic compounds (VOC), sulfur dioxide (SO2 ), particulate matter (PM) less than 10 ...

  • Municipal Solid Waste – Key to a Low Carbon Economy

    A newly released report has found the waste sector has a key role to play in the development of a low carbon economy and the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHGs). This report comes in advance of the UN Climate Conference in Paris, which will take place in December. The report was ...


    By Zero Waste Europe

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