biological drinking water treatment Articles

  • The Benefits of Biological Treatment for Drinking Water

    The biological treatment of drinking water is undertaken using both organic and inorganic contaminants, and can be used to treat groundwater and surface water. These contaminants, contrary to what the name implies, are applied to strip away the factors that make the water unsafe for drinking until it is potable—meaning drinkable. If you would like to learn more about the benefits of ...

  • Biological drinking water treatment Hong Kong

    The water treatment works takes water from the river Dongjiang in the Guangdong Province north of Hong Kong. The raw water has an average turbidity level of around 11 NTU and contents, among other things, ammonia and manganese. Water temperatures range from 12 to 34oC.   During planning of the waterworks ...

  • Solutions for Safe Drinking Water Through Biological Water Treatments

    Most people across the U.S. expect to turn on their faucets and have immediate access to clean drinking water. The truth is, it wasn’t until 1974 that Congress passed the Safe Water Drinking Act with the goal of regulating the nation’s public water supply. Over the years, the SWDA has been amended to include water sources as well, such as rivers, lakes, springs and groundwater wells ...

  • Biological ammonia removal field studies for drinking water treatment

    In order to study the applicability of biological ammonia removal from drinking water, field experiments with 10 L/h flow rate were carried out at a case-study area, where raw water contained arsenic, iron, manganese, dissolved gases (methane, aggressive carbon dioxide) and ammonia. The technology applied at the waterworks consisted of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) dosing and rapid sand ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving the biological stability of drinking water by ion exchange

    To guarantee a good water quality at the consumer’s tap, natural organic matter (NOM) should be (partly) removed during drinking water treatment. The objective of this research is to measure the effect of NOM removal by ion exchange on the biological stability of drinking water. Experiments were performed in two lanes of the pilot plant of Weesperkarspel in the Netherlands. The lanes consisted of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of arsenic and iron removal from drinking water using coagulation and biological treatment

    Effects of biological activated carbon (BAC), biological aerated filter (BAF), alum coagulation and Moringa oleifera coagulation were investigated to remove iron and arsenic contaminants from drinking water. At an initial dose of 5 mg/L, the removal efficiency for arsenic and iron was 63% and 58% respectively using alum, and 47% and 41% respectively using Moringa oleifera. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experiences with the practical implementation and operation of biological nitrification for a small-scale drinking water treatment plant

    The implementation and evaluation of biological nitrification as a possible treatment option for the small-scale drinking water supply of a rural Upper Austrian community was investigated. The drinking water supply of this community (average system input volume: 20 m3/d) is based on the use of deep anaerobic groundwater with a high ammonium content of geogenic origin (up to 5 mg/l) which must ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beginner´s Guide to Biological Treatment of Water

    Water treatment systems make safe and civilized life possible for people of all ages. Access to clean, reliable, and safe water is one of the first building blocks of a good social system. That is why experts have developed advanced and reliable ways to remove harmful substances from the water supply, including fecal matter, bacteria, arsenic, and other dangerous or even poisonous matter.   ...

  • Quantifying bacterial biomass fixed onto biological activated carbon (PAC and GAC) used in drinking water treatment

    Hybrid processes coupling the use of powder activated carbon (PAC) with membrane filtration for drinking water production are emerging as promising alternatives to conventional technologies due to their enhanced control of dissolved contaminants. The quantification of biomass colonizing PAC is crucial for modeling, designing control strategies and improving the overall performance of these ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Aesthetics Improve with Ozone Treatment

    High quality water sources for municipal use are dwindling, forcing utilities to seek alternate water sources. Many times, aesthetics are the only problem preventing the use of these alternate water sources for potable purposes. Although typically used as a disinfectant, ozone offers municipal water purveyors the benefits of being the strongest commercially available oxidizing agent (Table 1). ...

  • Algae control in drinking water treatment - case study

    For the Ministry of Agriculture in Cyprus, LG Sound b.v installed 33 LG Sonic, ultrasonic devices in the Limassol water treatment plant, to prevent bad odour and taste to the water caused by geosmins in the water. The earthy taste problem persisted during summer of 2010 and various physical, chemical and biological tests were done in order to check the process efficiency, which showed problems ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Using Biological Filtration to Remove Arsenic from Drinking Water

    In 2001, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency changed the standards for arsenic levels in drinking water. At that time, the agency had estimated that more than 36 million Americans were drinking water that contained arsenic levels at or above 3 parts per billion. A new standard was set, lowering the maximum contaminant level to 10 parts per billion (ppb) from the previous standard of 50 ppb. ...

  • Distillation treatment and removal of contaminants from drinking water

    Distillation treatment typically removes most of the dissolved materials. In addition, the boiling process kills biological contaminants. Nevertheless, there are certain volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds that may not be removed by distillation (CDPH 2009). Organic compounds that boil at temperatures greater than the boiling point of water (some pesticides) can be effectively removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Abundance and diversity of ammonia-oxidizing archaea and bacteria on biological activated carbon in a pilot-scale drinking water treatment plant with different treatment processes

    The effects of different placements of rapid sand filtration on nitrification performance of BAC treatment in a pilot-scale plant were evaluated. In this plant, rapid sand filtration was placed after ozonation-BAC treatment in Process (A), while it preceded ozonation-BAC treatment in Process (B). Analysis of amoA genes of ammonia-oxidizing archaea (AOA) and bacteria (AOB) combined with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different Biological Water Filtration Systems

    Do you know what’s in your water? Most people don’t. It’s recommended that you drink at least a half-gallon of water each day. If it’s not purified or filtered, that water could be causing unseen damage to your body. Arsenic, salmonella, streptococcus, and influenza viruses could all be present in your tap water. There are many different forms of biological filtration that ...

  • Evaluating a composite cartridge for small system drinking water treatment

    A pilot-scale evaluation was conducted at the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Test & Evaluation (T&E) Facility in Cincinnati, Ohio, on a multi-layer, cartridge-based system that combines physical filtration with carbon adsorption and ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection to serve as a home-base water treatment security device against accidental or intentional contaminant events. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater Treatment for a soft drink processing company

    Description of the plant The wastewater from production and filling of mineral waters and soft drinks is pre-treated mechanically by a screen and buffered in an aerated mixing and balancing reactor. After equalization of flow and load the wastewater is given to the biological reactors where organic substances as sugar and other organic compounds are decreased by biological activity of ...

  • Algae and Biofilm control project for a drinking water treatment plant in Cyprus

    For the Ministry of Agriculture in Cyprus, LG Sound b.v installed 33 LG Sonic, ultrasonic devices in the Limassol water treatment plant, to prevent bad odour and taste to the water caused by geosmins in the water. The earthy taste problem persisted during summer of 2010 and various physical, chemical and biological tests were done in order to check the process efficiency, which showed ...


    By LG Sonic

  • A systematic approach for the assessment of bacterial growth-controlling factors linked to biological stability of drinking water in distribution systems

    A systematic approach is presented for the assessment of (i) bacterial growth-controlling factors in drinking water and (ii) the impact of distribution conditions on the extent of bacterial growth in full-scale distribution systems. The approach combines (i) quantification of changes in autochthonous bacterial cell concentrations in full-scale distribution systems with (ii) laboratory-scale ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ozone for Waste water Treatment

    Ozone has been used for many years to treat pathogens such as bacteria and algae in water for applications such as drinking water supplies and air conditioning system cooling water. More recently, most water bottlers have adopted ozone. Ozonated water for treatment of fruit, vegetables, fish, etc. in the U.S. awaited the GRAS approval. Now that has happened, and projects are emerging everywhere. ...


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