biological sampling Articles

  • The climb to the top

    Back in the late 1980’s when market drivers created the cost-effective option of using above-ground circular tanks for industrial activated sludge processes, there were some early valuable lessons for both aeration equipment manufacturers and plant operators. As production plants got away from in-ground basins, one of the more simple innate operational checks became more challenging; ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

  • Trace metal status in marine biological samples: a review

    The literature on trace metal status in marine biological samples is reviewed, taking into account the importance of the subject. Marine organisms accumulate trace metals to body concentrations well above those in seawater. Different marine organisms differ significantly in accumulated tissue and total body concentrations of heavy metals. The present literature survey indicates that more than 26 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An interlaboratory comparison study for the determination of dialkyl phthalate esters in environmental and biological samples

    A series of interlaboratory comparison exercises were conducted to assess the accuracy of dialkyl phthalate ester (DPE) concentration measurements in environmental and biological samples. Five laboratories participated in analyses to determine DPE concentrations in standard test solutions; marine sediments; three certified reference materials (CRMs), including CARP‐2 (fish muscle) and BCR‐07 ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Wetlands and biological case study

    Service(s) performed: File review and confirmatory soil sampling services Summary: At the request of a petroleum pipeline company, our environmental experts performed a comprehensive file review and regulatory correspondence activities to achieve a No Further Action (NFA) status for a release of crude oil from a pipeline in the Midwest U.S. After the release ...


    By EFI Global, Inc.

  • Report on harmonization of freshwater biological methods

    Background and purpose of the document 1. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) requires (Annex V 1.3.6) that standards methods are used for the monitoring of water quality elements: ‘Methods used for the monitoring of type parameters shall conform to the international standards listed below or such other national or international standards which will ensure the provision of data of an ...


  • A high-performance aerosol concentrator for biological agent detection

    Introduction Particle sampling from ambient air is a well-developed technology described in many texts (e.g., Vincent 1989; Willeke and Baron 1993; Hinds 1999). However, there are many cases in which the concentration of airborne particles is so low that it becomes necessary to sample for extended periods of time to collect enough mass for chemical or biological characterization of the ...


    By MSP Corporation

  • Critical Role of Aerobic Uptake in Biological Phosphorus Removal

    ABSTRACTThe use of biological phosphorus removal (BPR) to remove phosphorus (P) from municipal wastewaters is well-established, and especially in recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of utilities practicing BPR. The basic BPR mechanism includes two distinct steps: anaerobic P release, and aerobic P uptake. However, BPR design and optimization efforts have typically ...

  • Treatment of tannery wastewater in a hybrid biological reactor

    A shaft-type hybrid bioreactor treated composite wastewater of a chrome tannery manufacturing 'wet-blue leather'. The sample was treated under suspended growth and then hybrid system with 20 g/L of 5 mm tyre tube beads in batch mode. The continuous study was made under suspended growth and hybrid system with 10-30 g/L of beads. The kinetic coefficients Ks, k, Y and k were 170.83 mg/L, 0.0397 h−1, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Strategies for the reduction of Legionella in biological treatment systems

    A community-wide outbreak of Legionnaire's disease occurred in Warstein, Germany, in August 2013. The epidemic strain, Legionella pneumophila Serogruppe 1, was isolated from an industrial wastewater stream entering the municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Wartein, the WWTP itself, the river Wäster and air/water samples from an industrial cooling system 3 km downstream of the WWTP. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ex Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of ex situ treatment is that it generally requires shorter time periods than in situ treatment, and there is more certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the ability to homogenize, screen, and continuously mix the soil. However, ex situ treatment requires excavation of soils, leading to increased costs and engineering for equipment, possible permitting, and ...

  • In Situ Biological Treatment for Soil, Sediment, and Sludge

    The main advantage of in situ treatment is that it allows soil to be treated without being excavated and transported, resulting in potentially significant cost savings. However, in situ treatment generally requires longer time periods, and there is less certainty about the uniformity of treatment because of the variability in soil and aquifer characteristics and because the efficacy of the ...

  • Groundwater: Low-flow Purging and Sampling

    Significant timesavings, improved sample process integrity, quality assurance and minimal quantities of potentially contaminated purge water to manage - are attractive as the focus on groundwater quality sharpens and economics demand best cost-benefit based methods Water has become a vitally important resource.  Maintaining its quality and quantity and avoiding pollution are set to be ...


    By Geotech

  • Laboratory tests describing the biological reactivity of pretreated residual wastes

    In Austria as well as in Germany, several ideas have been put forward on how to describe the biological activity of waste. Gas-generation potential, respiration activity and analysis of material groups ('Stoffgruppenanalysen' according to Van Soest, 1963) and eluate parameters like TOC, NH4-N, COD and BOD were discussed. The use of the Incubation Test (developed by the Department of Waste ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Modelling biological Cr(VI) reduction in aquifer microcosm column systems

    Several chrome processing facilities in South Africa release hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) into groundwater resources. Pump-and-treat remediation processes have been implemented at some of the sites but have not been successful in reducing contamination levels. The current study is aimed at developing an environmentally friendly, cost-effective and self-sustained biological method to curb the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Suggested Practice for Remediation of Highly Infectious Biological Agent Contamination in Indoor Environments

    Untitled Document PURPOSE This suggested practice describes those basic procedures to be followed, and precautions ...

  • Effect of fibre on shear strength of residue from mechanical–biological pretreatment of waste

    Fibres in the waste have a strong influence on shear strength. This is because even though the waste is characterised as a coarse material with a non-cohesive granular behaviour, it may nevertheless display high values of pseudocohesion due to the effect of the tensile strength of the fibre inclusions. Samples of pretreated residue with different particle sizes were prepared to study this effect. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enhancing Biological Nutrient Reduction in Advanced Individual Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems

    ABSTRACTAdvanced onsite systems need to continue to improve wastewater treatment through nutrient reduction. Some advanced onsite systems have been shown to reduce nutrients significantly. However, with modifications, these systems can reduce total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) to an even greater degree, and nitrate to levels below federal drinkingwater standards. INTRODUCTIONNitrogen compounds in ...

  • Cross-contamination issues during a biological emergency response effort: lessons learned

    Response Team investigators from the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), recognised the potential for Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) cross-contamination during recent emergency response activities in the Capitol area. The three case studies presented offer the opportunity to examine procedural response practices ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Industrial Hygiene: Quality Assurance In Air Sampling and Analysis

    Industrial hygiene is the recognition, evaluation, and control of chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic stresses in the workplace. Of the stresses listed, chemical stresses in the form of air contaminants are the most common. Air contaminants, their PELs and TLVs, and how to sample for them, is Industrial Hygiene 101 for most industrial hygienists. However, as simple as sampling and ...


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