biological wastewater Articles

  • The biological basis of wastewater treatment

    Introduction This booklet was written to fulfil the need for a simple explanation of the biological processes that underpin wastewater treatment. It attempts to show how the bacteria involved deal with the organic carbon in the sewage. Remarkably, there are just 3 major processes involved, and these mirror exactly the 3 major processes at work in the plant viz: biodegradation, oxygen ...

  • What is biological wastewater treatment?

    Biological wastewater treatment harnesses the action of bacteria and other microorganisms to clean water Biological wastewater treatment is a process that seems simple on the surface since it uses natural processes to help with the decomposition of organic substances, but in fact, it’s a complex, not completely understood process at the intersection of biology and ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Biological wastewater treatment Dalian, China

    To manage the demands set for the plant, a biological treatment with fixed bed was chosen. The water first undergoes pre-treatment by screening and grit/grease removal. Primary sedimentation is done in 4 tanks with lamellar sedimentation.   The first step in the biological treatment consists of BOD, COD and SS ...


    By Filtralite - Leca Norge As

  • Application Focus: Biological Wastewater Treatment

    In knowing the size and health of the active biomass population in a wastewater treatment process, cause-and-effect relationships can then be established with process variables. If a change in the process is beneficial or detrimental to the population, ATP results will indicate to what degree the population is helped or harmed by the change. Since ATP measurements isolate the living population, ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • CHIP-tuning for biological wastewater treatment plants

    The demand for efficiency improvement in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants (WWTP’s) is increasingly based on problems related to the water quality, process stability and/or insufficient performance in the COD removal and/or nitrification process. New, stricter requirements or the need for higher removal efficiency intensify the demand for optimizing the existing ...


    By Multi Umwelttechnologie AG

  • Treatment of tannery wastewater in a hybrid biological reactor

    A shaft-type hybrid bioreactor treated composite wastewater of a chrome tannery manufacturing 'wet-blue leather'. The sample was treated under suspended growth and then hybrid system with 20 g/L of 5 mm tyre tube beads in batch mode. The continuous study was made under suspended growth and hybrid system with 10-30 g/L of beads. The kinetic coefficients Ks, k, Y and k were 170.83 mg/L, 0.0397 h−1, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is modeling of biological wastewater treatment a mature technology?

    Based on three case studies it is demonstrated that the application of mathematical models in biological wastewater treatment has not yet reached its full potential. Model structure uncertainty and correlation of uncertain parameter values make up the first case. The combination of biokinetic and hydraulic models relates to the second case. The evolution of a full scale plant over its life ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of laundry wastewater by biological and electrocoagulation methods

    The present study describes an improvement in the current electrocoagulation treatment process and focuses on a comparative study for the clean-up of laundry wastewater (LWW) after each wash and rinse cycle by biological and electrocoagulation treatment methods. For biological treatment, the wastewater was treated with a Bacillus strain of aerobic bacteria especially suited for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater from the antibiotics industry

    Pharmaceutical wastewater generated by an antibiotics (penicillin) company was treated by aerobic membrane bioreactors (MBRs) and sequencing batch reactors (SBRs). At a low organic loading rate of 0.22 kg-COD m−3d−1, both types of reactors were capable of treating the wastewater such that the treated effluent met the discharge regulation except for the total dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological treatment of ammonium perchlorate-contaminated wastewater: a review

    Absolute reduction of perchlorate has proven complex owing to the diverse characteristics of the perchlorate ion. Technologies such as chemical reduction, ozone/peroxide, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis have had limited success, high costs and are not environmentally friendly. A great deal of research and reviews on ion exchange and biodegradation have been carried out, but conditions for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reconsidering rotating biological contactors as an option for municipal wastewater treatment

    There are many domestic wastewater treatment processes in use today. Generally, they are all biological systems and they may be broadly categorized as either fixed film processes or suspended growth processes. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the rotating biological contactor process (RBC), a particularly efficient fixed film process, became popular. However, the primary manufacturer of RBCs in ...


    By Total Water Solutions (TWS)

  • Design of a generalized predictive controller for a biological wastewater treatment plant

    This paper presents a generalized predictive control (GPC) technique to regulate the activated sludge process found in a bioreactor used in wastewater treatment. The control strategy can track dissolved oxygen setpoint changes quickly, adapting to the system uncertainties and disturbances. Tests occur on an Activated Sludge Model No. 1 benchmark of an activated sludge process. A T filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The assessment of the coke wastewater treatment efficacy in rotating biological contractor

    Coke wastewater is known to be relatively difficult for biological treatment. Nonetheless, biofilm-based systems seem to be promising tool for such treatment. That is why a rotating biological contactor (RBC) system focused on the Anammox process was used in this study. The experiment was divided into two parts with synthetic and then real wastewater. It was proven that it is possible to treat ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vermifilters: a tool for aerobic biological treatment of herbal pharmaceutical wastewater

    Herbal pharmaceutical wastewater possesses high chemical oxygen demand (COD) (21,960–26,000 mg/l) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) (11,200–15,660 mg/l) and suspended solids (SS) (5,460–7,370 mg/l). It cannot be directly discharged into surface water bodies, due to its highly biodegradable nature. Herbal pharmaceutical wastewater has been treated by using vermifilter, which is an ecosystem ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological responses of marine flatfish exposed to municipal wastewater effluent

    There is an increasing concern approximately the presence of pharmaceutical compounds, personal care products, and other chemicals collectively known as contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in municipal effluents. Yet, knowledge approximately potential environmental impacts related to these compounds is still limited. In the present study, we conducted laboratory exposures that examined ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Biological treatment of colored wastewater by Streptomyces fulvissimus CKS 7

    This study aims to investigate the biological processes related to the biodegradable potential of growing microbial cells for contaminated water treatment. Thus, the use of the Streptomyces fulvissimus CKS 7 (CKS7) has been evaluated for decolorizing efficiency of a solution containing a cationic triphenylmethane dye, crystal violet. The color reduction was monitored by UV–Vis spectroscopic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Landfill leachate treatment for biological nutrient removal from wastewater

    Substantial volumes of leachate have been generated at the recently opened lined cells of the Orange County Landfill located in central Florida. To accommodate these volumes, a force main was installed to deliver leachate to the Eastern Service Area Wastewater Treatment Facility (ESAWTF) operated by the Orange County Public Utilities Division, which uses a biological nutrient removal process. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rotating biological contactor

    A rotating biological contactor or RBC is a biological treatment process used in the treatment of wastewater following primary treatment.[1][2][3][4][5] The primary treatment process removes the grit and other solids ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using respirometry for energy optimization in a nitrifying biological wastewater treatment system

    ABSTRACT Many wastewater treatment plants use more than 50% of their total energy budget in the aeration basin and, when nutrient removal is included in the activated sludge process, it is very common that the majority of oxygen uptake goes to the nitrification process. For that reason, in most wastewater treatment plants, energy optimization is focused on nitrification management. This ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Biological wastewater treatment followed by physicochemical treatment for the removal of fluorinated surfactants

    Perfluorinated surfactants (PFS) have become compounds of high concern during the last decade. While “conventional surfactants” are degraded to a great extent in the biological wastewater treatment process, partly or perfluorinated surfactants are not only stable against biodegradation but also against oxidizing agents, they even resist OH-radical attacks. Our objectives were to eliminate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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