biological wastewater treatment Articles

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Biological Wastewater Treatment

    Untitled Document The use of microorganisms to remove contaminants from wastewater is effective and widespread. To choose the right system from the many options offered, ...


  • The biological basis of wastewater treatment

    Introduction This booklet was written to fulfil the need for a simple explanation of the biological processes that underpin wastewater treatment. It attempts to show how the bacteria involved deal with the organic carbon in the sewage. Remarkably, there are just 3 major processes involved, and these mirror exactly the 3 major processes at work in the plant viz: biodegradation, oxygen ...

  • Application Focus: Biological Wastewater Treatment

    In knowing the size and health of the active biomass population in a wastewater treatment process, cause-and-effect relationships can then be established with process variables. If a change in the process is beneficial or detrimental to the population, ATP results will indicate to what degree the population is helped or harmed by the change. Since ATP measurements isolate the living population, ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • Biological wastewater treatment Dalian, China

    To manage the demands set for the plant, a biological treatment with fixed bed was chosen. The water first undergoes pre-treatment by screening and grit/grease removal. Primary sedimentation is done in 4 tanks with lamellar sedimentation.   The first step in the biological treatment consists of BOD, COD and SS ...

  • CHIP-tuning for biological wastewater treatment plants

    The demand for efficiency improvement in municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants (WWTP’s) is increasingly based on problems related to the water quality, process stability and/or insufficient performance in the COD removal and/or nitrification process. New, stricter requirements or the need for higher removal efficiency intensify the demand for optimizing the existing ...


    By Multi Umwelttechnologie AG

  • Biological treatment of pharmaceutical wastewater from the antibiotics industry

    Pharmaceutical wastewater generated by an antibiotics (penicillin) company was treated by aerobic membrane bioreactors (MBRs) and sequencing batch reactors (SBRs). At a low organic loading rate of 0.22 kg-COD m−3d−1, both types of reactors were capable of treating the wastewater such that the treated effluent met the discharge regulation except for the total dissolved ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of tannery wastewater in a hybrid biological reactor

    A shaft-type hybrid bioreactor treated composite wastewater of a chrome tannery manufacturing 'wet-blue leather'. The sample was treated under suspended growth and then hybrid system with 20 g/L of 5 mm tyre tube beads in batch mode. The continuous study was made under suspended growth and hybrid system with 10-30 g/L of beads. The kinetic coefficients Ks, k, Y and k were 170.83 mg/L, 0.0397 h−1, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biological treatment of ammonium perchlorate-contaminated wastewater: a review

    Absolute reduction of perchlorate has proven complex owing to the diverse characteristics of the perchlorate ion. Technologies such as chemical reduction, ozone/peroxide, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis have had limited success, high costs and are not environmentally friendly. A great deal of research and reviews on ion exchange and biodegradation have been carried out, but conditions for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is modeling of biological wastewater treatment a mature technology?

    Based on three case studies it is demonstrated that the application of mathematical models in biological wastewater treatment has not yet reached its full potential. Model structure uncertainty and correlation of uncertain parameter values make up the first case. The combination of biokinetic and hydraulic models relates to the second case. The evolution of a full scale plant over its life ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of laundry wastewater by biological and electrocoagulation methods

    The present study describes an improvement in the current electrocoagulation treatment process and focuses on a comparative study for the clean-up of laundry wastewater (LWW) after each wash and rinse cycle by biological and electrocoagulation treatment methods. For biological treatment, the wastewater was treated with a Bacillus strain of aerobic bacteria especially suited for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Slurry Phase Biological Treatment

    Slurry phase biological treatment involves the controlled treatment of excavated soil in a bioreactor. The excavated soil is first processed to physically separate stones and rubble. The soil is then mixed with water to a predetermined concentration dependent upon the concentration of the contaminants, the rate of biodegradation, and the physical nature of the soils. Some processes pre-wash the ...

  • Biological wastewater treatment followed by physicochemical treatment for the removal of fluorinated surfactants

    Perfluorinated surfactants (PFS) have become compounds of high concern during the last decade. While “conventional surfactants” are degraded to a great extent in the biological wastewater treatment process, partly or perfluorinated surfactants are not only stable against biodegradation but also against oxidizing agents, they even resist OH-radical attacks. Our objectives were to eliminate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reconsidering rotating biological contactors as an option for municipal wastewater treatment

    There are many domestic wastewater treatment processes in use today. Generally, they are all biological systems and they may be broadly categorized as either fixed film processes or suspended growth processes. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the rotating biological contactor process (RBC), a particularly efficient fixed film process, became popular. However, the primary manufacturer of RBCs in ...


    By Total Water Solutions (TWS)

  • BM Respirometry applied to a novel control strategy of nitrification in a wastewater biological treatment

    Abstract In wastewater treatment plants, the biological nitrogen removal (BNR) has acquired critical importance, which makes that in the majority of the cases the overall process control largely depends on the control of this treatment. The normal aerobic process of nitrification is performed by specific aerobic living microorganisms and a lack of information on their bioactivity may ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Using respirometry for energy optimization in a nitrifying biological wastewater treatment system

    ABSTRACT Many wastewater treatment plants use more than 50% of their total energy budget in the aeration basin and, when nutrient removal is included in the activated sludge process, it is very common that the majority of oxygen uptake goes to the nitrification process. For that reason, in most wastewater treatment plants, energy optimization is focused on nitrification management. This ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Design of a generalized predictive controller for a biological wastewater treatment plant

    This paper presents a generalized predictive control (GPC) technique to regulate the activated sludge process found in a bioreactor used in wastewater treatment. The control strategy can track dissolved oxygen setpoint changes quickly, adapting to the system uncertainties and disturbances. Tests occur on an Activated Sludge Model No. 1 benchmark of an activated sludge process. A T filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cellular ATP – A Superior Measure of Active Biomass for Biological Wastewater Treatment Processes

    Biological wastewater treatment processes harness the ability of microorganisms to break down and assimilate organic compounds that, if left untreated, cause detriment to the environment. Although this process occurs naturally, engineered systems are used to accelerate the process by optimizing bioreactor conditions to promote higher-than-typical biomass concentrations, thus increasing the rate ...

  • Fate of Arsenic during Biological Treatment of High Strength Wastewater–Case Study

    The paper presents the results of treatability study on highly contaminated wastewater with phenols (300 mg/l), thiocyanate (210 mg/l), ammonia (800 mg/l) and arsenic up to 11 mg/l. The study was conducted in two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) using biomass from coke plant. After two months of acclimatization the biomass was able to remove ammonia to below 1 mg/l and phenols and thiocynate ...

  • How Shasun maximises the investment in it`s biological wastewater treatment plant

    At the Dudley Shasun facility we have a 7500 m3 biological treatment plant that can treat up to 36 tonnes of waste COD per day. Part of this capacity is utilised to treat up to 15 tankers per day of third party aqueous waste. The waste is very varied, covering everything from leachates at only 2000ppm COD to industrial waste at up to 500,000ppm COD. The Strathkelvin respirometer forms a central ...

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