biological wastewater treatment system Articles

  • What is biological wastewater treatment?

    Biological wastewater treatment harnesses the action of bacteria and other microorganisms to clean water Biological wastewater treatment is a process that seems simple on the surface since it uses natural processes to help with the decomposition of organic substances, but in fact, it’s a complex, not completely understood process at the intersection of biology and ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Treatment of tannery wastewater in a hybrid biological reactor

    A shaft-type hybrid bioreactor treated composite wastewater of a chrome tannery manufacturing 'wet-blue leather'. The sample was treated under suspended growth and then hybrid system with 20 g/L of 5 mm tyre tube beads in batch mode. The continuous study was made under suspended growth and hybrid system with 10-30 g/L of beads. The kinetic coefficients Ks, k, Y and k were 170.83 mg/L, 0.0397 h−1, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Using respirometry for energy optimization in a nitrifying biological wastewater treatment system

    ABSTRACT Many wastewater treatment plants use more than 50% of their total energy budget in the aeration basin and, when nutrient removal is included in the activated sludge process, it is very common that the majority of oxygen uptake goes to the nitrification process. For that reason, in most wastewater treatment plants, energy optimization is focused on nitrification management. This ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Using respirometry for energy optimization in a nitrifying biological wastewater treatment system

    Many wastewater treatment plants use more than 50% of their total energy budget in the aeration basin and, when nutrient removal is included in the activated sludge process, it is very common that the majority of oxygen uptake goes to the nitrification process. For that reason, in most wastewater treatment plants, energy optimization is focused on nitrification management. This information can be ...


    By SURCIS, S.L.

  • Enhancing Biological Nutrient Reduction in Advanced Individual Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems

    ABSTRACTAdvanced onsite systems need to continue to improve wastewater treatment through nutrient reduction. Some advanced onsite systems have been shown to reduce nutrients significantly. However, with modifications, these systems can reduce total inorganic nitrogen (TIN) to an even greater degree, and nitrate to levels below federal drinkingwater standards. INTRODUCTIONNitrogen compounds in ...

  • Strategies for the reduction of Legionella in biological treatment systems

    A community-wide outbreak of Legionnaire's disease occurred in Warstein, Germany, in August 2013. The epidemic strain, Legionella pneumophila Serogruppe 1, was isolated from an industrial wastewater stream entering the municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Wartein, the WWTP itself, the river Wäster and air/water samples from an industrial cooling system 3 km downstream of the WWTP. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater Treatment Process

    The wastewater treatment process is complex and critical to civilization. In simplest terms, wastewater is water that has been mixed with waste matter. Wastewater can be classified as domestic, municipal, or industrial based upon the source of generation. For instance, domestic wastewater comes from everyday liquid waste, including water used to flush the toilet, to shower, or to wash dishes. ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

  • Design of a generalized predictive controller for a biological wastewater treatment plant

    This paper presents a generalized predictive control (GPC) technique to regulate the activated sludge process found in a bioreactor used in wastewater treatment. The control strategy can track dissolved oxygen setpoint changes quickly, adapting to the system uncertainties and disturbances. Tests occur on an Activated Sludge Model No. 1 benchmark of an activated sludge process. A T filter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimizing Wastewater Treatment

    ' Growing volumes of both industrial and municipal wastewater are being discharged to surface waters but the treatment provided frequently is inadequate to protect the desired uses of the receiving waters. With limited resources in terms of both institutional capacity and finance, governments face difficult choices in optimizing their investments in municipal systems and establishing practical ...


    By The World Bank

  • The assessment of the coke wastewater treatment efficacy in rotating biological contractor

    Coke wastewater is known to be relatively difficult for biological treatment. Nonetheless, biofilm-based systems seem to be promising tool for such treatment. That is why a rotating biological contactor (RBC) system focused on the Anammox process was used in this study. The experiment was divided into two parts with synthetic and then real wastewater. It was proven that it is possible to treat ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reconsidering rotating biological contactors as an option for municipal wastewater treatment

    There are many domestic wastewater treatment processes in use today. Generally, they are all biological systems and they may be broadly categorized as either fixed film processes or suspended growth processes. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the rotating biological contactor process (RBC), a particularly efficient fixed film process, became popular. However, the primary manufacturer of RBCs in ...


    By Total Water Solutions (TWS)

  • Alternative biological systems for the treatment of vinasse from wine

    This work studied alternative treatment schemes for the vinasse wastewater from wine distilleries aiming at overcoming the problems caused by the high nitrogen and sulfur concentrations. A plexiglas laboratory-scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor of 20 L volume that was operated at 45°C and hydraulic retention time 1 d, was included in all the examined systems. System 1 was the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biologically Engineered Biofilm Modifications for the Enhancement of Collection System Transformations and Impacts on BNR Wastewater Treatment

    ABSTRACTIncreased influent RBCOD and heterotrophic plate counts coincided with the start of bioaugmentation in this study. Observed influent sulfide levels were also lower duringbioaugmentation. RBCOD increases could potentially improve biological phosphorus or nitrogen removal. Lowered sulfides in the influent could lower corrosion and odors in the collection system ...

  • The ecological filter system for treatment of decentralized wastewater

    A vertical flow constructed wetland was combined with a biological aerated filter to develop an ecological filter, and to obtain the optimal operating parameters: The hydraulic loading was 1.55 m3/(m2·d), carbon–nitrogen ratio was 10, and gas–water ratio was 6. The experimental results demonstrated considerable removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Upgrading secondary biological treatment of wastewater using anoxic/aerobic attached growth systems for effluent quality improvement

    A pilot plant was constructed and operated using both Aerobic Submerged Fixed Film (ASFF) and Anoxic/Aerobic Submerged Fixed Film (A/ASFF) processes at different loading rates in the range of 0.03–0.3 g BOD.g-1 BVS.d-1 corresponding to the Hydraulic Retention Times (HRTs) in the range of 0.7 to 8 hr. The results obtained revealed that both the ASFF and the A/ASFF ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cellular ATP – A Superior Measure of Active Biomass for Biological Wastewater Treatment Processes

    Biological wastewater treatment processes harness the ability of microorganisms to break down and assimilate organic compounds that, if left untreated, cause detriment to the environment. Although this process occurs naturally, engineered systems are used to accelerate the process by optimizing bioreactor conditions to promote higher-than-typical biomass concentrations, thus increasing the rate ...

  • Municipal wastewater treatment plant

    Location: Kitimat, B.C. Owner: Kitimaat Village Council Description: Conceptual and detail process design of a 300 m3/d rotating biological contactor treatment plant incorporating primary solids removal, flow equalization, influent pumping, secondary clarification, sludge holding tank, control building, treated effluent pump station, and a ...


    By NovaTec Consultants Inc.

  • Improving Biological Wastewater Treatment Process Control through ATP-Based Parameters

    ABSTRACTBiological wastewater treatment processes harness the ability of microorganisms to break down and assimilate organic compounds that, if left untreated, cause detriment to the environment. Although this process occurs naturally, engineered systems are used to accelerate the process by optimizing bioreactor conditions to promote higher-than-typical biomass concentrations, thus increasing ...

  • Physical methods in wastewater treatment

    Physical methods of wastewater treatment are useful in water purification and recycling. We have proposed the role of nanoparticle in combination with ultrasound. Ultrasound (US), nanoparticle (NP) or in combination (US + NP) may offer an attractive proposition in the area of water purification. Ultrasound irradiation applications is that acoustic cavitation can affect a number of mechanical, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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