biomass anaerobic digestion Articles

  • Anaerobic digestion of sunflower oil cake: a current overview

    Due to the chemical and physical structure of a lignocellulosic biomass, its anaerobic digestion (AD) is a slow and difficult process. In this paper, the results obtained from a batch biochemical methane potential (BMP) test and fed-batch mesophilic AD assays of sunflower oil cake (SuOC) are presented. Taking into account the low digestibility shown during one-stage experiments the methane yield ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of initial biomass on cellulose hydrolysis by leachate communities

    Batch anaerobic digestions were performed in 160 ml serum vials, cellulose (1% wt) was the sole added carbon source. All reactors were inoculated with a 10% (v/v) leachate inoculum. The concentration of micro-organisms in the leachate inoculums was increased using centrifugation to investigate the effect of initial biomass on hydrolysis performance. The hydrolysis rate constant for digestions ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Digestion of wastewater pond microalgae and potential inhibition by alum and ammoniacal-N

    Algae are produced in considerable quantities in oxidation ponds, and may negatively affect receiving waters when discharged at high concentration. Thus in some instances they require removal prior to effluent discharge, which may be enhanced using flocculants such as alum. Harvested algal biomass could be anaerobically digested to methane for use as a renewable energy source, however, alum, has ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion: a review

    The anaerobic digestion of substrates with high ammonia content has always been a bottleneck in the methanisation process of biomasses. Since microbial communities in anaerobic digesters are sensitive to free ammonia at certain conditions, the digestion of nitrogen-rich substrates such as livestock wastes may result in inhibition/toxicity eventually leading to process failures, unless ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using Anaerobic Biomass Digestion to Produce Hydrogen and Biofuel

    For many years, hydrogen has been considered as an alternative to fossil fuels. Now, Scientists are aiming to develop an environmentally friendly method to produce hydrogen from biomass by optimizing anaerobic digestion systems.1 Climate change, dwindling fuel resources and energy prices have spearheaded intensive efforts to detect and optimize ...

  • Treatment of wastewater from anaerobic digestion

    The Client The customer is power plant which produces biogas from biomass and sewage farm, through anaerobic digestion and thermal recovery, located nearby Munich in Germany. The Client’s needs Biogas is produced by the fermentation of organic substances of animal and vegetal origin in absence of oxygen (anaerobic process). This process produces a ...


    By EVALED-Evaporator

  • Anaerobic digestion of waste biomass from the production of L-cystine in suspended-growth bioreactors

    Waste biomass from the industrial production of the amino acid L-cystine contains above-average concentrations of organic pollutants and significant concentrations of nitrogen and sulfur. The specific biogas production (SBP) of waste biomass was monitored in parallel suspended-growth laboratory anaerobic bioreactors. After severe inhibition was observed, three different procedures were applied ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acetoclastic methanogens in an anaerobic digester could be susceptible to trace metal supplementation

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of nutrient supplementation on anaerobic biomass. While many studies emphasized the importance of supplementing trace metals such as iron, cobalt, and nickel for maximum methanogenic activity, there is no evidence whether such supplements, even at relatively low concentration, could perturb anaerobic biomass. Effects of supplementing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model assisted startup of anaerobic digesters fed with thermally hydrolysed activated sludge

    This paper presents the use of the IWA ADM1 to predict and interpret results from two full-scale anaerobic digesters fed with thermal hyrolysate (waste activated sludge with a long upstream sludge age) from a Cambi hydrolysis process operating at 165°C and 6 bar-g. The first digester was fed conventionally—though intermittently, while the second was heavily diluted through a substantial component ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of microbial activity in anaerobic and microaerobic digesters

    Microaerobic alternative of anaerobic digestion offers many advantages especially when sulfide concentration in the digester is high. For better understanding of the microaerobic technology more detailed characterization of biomass activity is needed. Two equal digesters were operated under the same condition except of microaeration in one of them. During long term operation of anaerobic and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nitrification of centrate from dewatering of anaerobically digested sludge

    Nitrification of anaerobically digested sludge centrate was studied in bench-scale suspended growth and fixed film enhanced suspended growth systems at temperatures of 10.5-28.5°C and pH values of 6.0-9.1. Nitrification followed zero-order kinetics in both systems, and ammonia removals in excess of 99% were observed. The temperature dependency of the suspended growth nitrification rate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An asymptotic observer-based monitoring scheme for a class of plug flow reactors

    In this paper a monitoring tool is designed for a class of plug flow reactors whose mathematical model is described by a set of first-order partial differential equations with different coefficients in the convective terms. The infinite dimensional structure of such a tool is derived according to the methodology established in the design of the well-known asymptotic observer. As a consequence, it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of inorganics from sludge and digestate: the BiAR process

    This conference contribution will present a novel technology for renewable ash-free fuel production from low-value ash-containing feedstocks such as sludge digestate, wood bark or rice husks that cannot be utilized directly as a heating fuel, because of the high (low melting point) ash content. Biomass Ash Removal (BiAR) process introduces the low-temperature solvolysis in cheap solvents to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The performance of a modified Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) treating high strength synthetic wastewater

    In the present study the overall performance of a modified Anaerobic Baffled Reactor (ABR) treating high strength synthetic wastewater was first described. The reactor differs from the original ABR as follow: a modified internal lamella separator was positioned at top of each up-flow sections to separate the biogas and liquid to reduce the sludge wash out. The initial organic loading rate was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Autotroph-Hetertroph Interactions in Activated Sludge: Bioaugmentaion from Side-Stream Treatment

    Successful engineering of bioaugmentation for wastewater treatment requires an understanding of microbial ecology. Therefore, the aim of this work was to examine one aspect of reactor ecology: potential interactions between heterotrophic bacteria and ammonia oxidizing bacteria. Microscopic observation, macroscopic observation, and molecular biology techniques were utilized to characterize ...

  • Effect of agitation on the performance of an anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactor in the treatment of dairy effluents

    Agitation rate is an important parameter in the operation of Anaerobic Sequencing Biofilm Batch Reactors (ASBBRs), and a proper agitation rate guarantees good mixing, improves mass transfer, and enhances the solubility of the particulate organic matter. Dairy effluents have a high amount of particulate organic matter, and their anaerobic digestion presents inhibitory intermediates (e.g., ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Temperature effects on the trophic stages of perennial rye grass anaerobic digestion

    Continuous Stirred Tank Reactors (CSTRs), operated in batch mode, were used to evaluate the feasibility of psychrophilic (low temperature) digestion of perennial rye grass in a long term experiment (150 days) for the first time. The reactors were operated in parallel at 3 different temperatures, 10, 15 and 37 °C. Hydrolysis, acidification and methanogenesis were assessed by VS degradation, by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advantages of anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions

    The paper reviews results and experience of microaerobic experiments at both high and low sulphide concentrations and evaluates advantages and drawbacks of the anaerobic digestion of sludge in microaerobic conditions as regards biogas quality, digested sludge quality, organic pollutants biodegradability and methanogenic activity of biomass. The innovative microaerobic modification of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beating treatment to enhance digestibility of fresh grass

    Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the most popular biomass conversion technologies. AD can be further divided into four stages: pre–treatment, digestion, gas upgrading and digestate. The main goal of pre–treatment is to improve degradability of the material in order to enhance gas production and anaerobic digester performance. Beating treatment as a new mechanical treatment technique has been ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Microalgae growth for nutrient recovery from sludge liquor and production of renewable bioenergy

    Proof-of-concept has been demonstrated for a process that will utilize nutrients from sludge liquor, natural light, and CO2 from biogas to grow microalgae at wastewater treatment plants. This process will reduce the impact of returning side-streams to the head of the plant. The produced algae will be fed to anaerobic digesters for increased biogas production. Dewatering of anaerobically digested ...


    By IWA Publishing

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