biomass conversion Articles

  • Advanced Application of Product Gases of Thermal Conversion of Biomass and Waste; Integration With the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

    The Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN) is studying the advanced application of product gases from the thermal conversion of biomass and waste (B&W). The Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthesis is the most promising as it affords diesel-like fuels of high quality and free from sulfur and aromatics. A slurry bubble FT reactor with an iron catalyst is the most suitable for B&W syngases. To optimize ...

  • Modeling organic nitrogen conversions in activated sludge bioreactors

    For biological nutrient removal (BNR) systems designed to maximize nitrogen removal, the effluent total nitrogen (TN) concentration may range from 2.0 to 4.0 g N/m3 with about 25–50% in the form of organic nitrogen (ON). In this study, current approaches to modeling organic N conversions (separate processes vs. constant contents of organic fractions) were compared. A new conceptual model of ON ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The conversion of acetol during the concentration process from wood vinegar

    Acetol, as one of the components of biomass pyrolysis liquid, is a high value-added compound for medicine synthesis. If acetol can be extracted from the renewable pyrolysis liquid, much environmental and economic benefit may be obtained; but the instability of acetol makes its concentration difficult. To clarify what compounds are formed from acetol during the distillation process, the components ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Research and development on biomass energy in China

    Like developed countries, China is facing two serious constraints energy shortage and environmental pollution, which hinder the development of the national economy and improvements in living conditions. On the other hand, China has a huge amount of biomass resource. It is estimated that the total amount of biomass resource is up to 5.2x108 tons of oil equivalent (TOE) in which crop residue ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Applying ERP to the biomass supply chain

    Green alternatives to hydrocarbon-based fuels are increasingly derived from recycled waste materials, including paper and packaging materials; residues from other industrial processes, and perhaps most importantly, biomass. Biomass comprises plant waste and plant by-products, and currently represents one of the most exciting avenues of research in the development of alternatives to fossil fuels. ...


    By MHG Systems Ltd

  • Woody Biomass as renewable energy source

    In-depth analysis in Minnesota assesses the feasibility and cost-effectiveness of regional biomass generated electricity projects that tap into local feedstocks. The Center for Energy and Environment (CEE) in Minneapolis, Minnesota undertook a multiphase research project to create a framework that communities and legislators can use to determine the feasibility of biomass-generated electricity in ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Influence of initial moisture on pyrolysis of fresh biomass

    Experiments were performed in a thermogravimetric analyser to understand the effects of initial moisture of biomass on its pyrolysis and kinetics. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to determine the effects of the initial moisture of grass on the char structure. Kinetic parameters were obtained by applying Flynn-Wall-Ozawa ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The recent development of biomass energy in India: an overview

    This paper presents the current status and use of Biomass Technologies (BTs) in India. Different technology routes such as gasification, combustion and cogeneration are being actively developed to promote conversion of biomass materials such as agricultural, forestry and agro-industrial residues into electric power. The promotion of scientifically designed models of wood/biomass fired efficient ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy from biomass and waste – case studies in China

    With its vast territory and abundant biomass resources, China appears to have suitable conditions to develop biomass energy. It has long been recognised that it is important to develop advanced technologies for conversion of biomass into clean and convenient fuels in order to raise the efficiency of biomass energy utilisation and alleviate air pollution. Through past efforts some progress in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Feasibility analysis for biomass in cities, counties and facilities

    The commercial waste industry includes all those who collect waste from the simplest “collect waste and transport to a landfill” to the more complex “collect waste and process into re-usable components and energy.” This article will cover how we can collect material and fuel a clean energy system for our immediate future, while saving clean water and air. ...


    By Waste Advantage Magazine

  • For a Green Future: an Overview of Biomass Energy in China

    Biomass energy Biomass refers to biological materials or organic materials which is renewable and sustainable and could be used as a fuel source. The energy derived from the biomass materials  is called biomass energy. Biomass energy as one type of renewable energy has be developed with priorities in China. Current situation of Biomass resource in China ...


  • Biowaste conversion technology for household food and energy security in the Philippines: appropriate on–site small–scale rice husk waste carbonisation

    Successful long–term domestic rice research to feed the rapidly increasing population in the Philippines facilitated increased production of the nation's staple from 11.786 MT in 1999 to 16.258 MT in 2008. The additional rice production has correspondingly increased the annual milled rice husk waste resource to around 3.4 MT - currently, a disposal problem for millers who often dump the waste in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Agricultural biomass monitoring on watersheds based on remotely sensed data

    There is a close quality relationship between the harmful levels of all three drought indicator groups (meteorological, hydrological and agricultural). However, the numerical scale of the relationships between them is unclear and the conversion of indicators is unsolved. Different areas or an area with different forms of drought cannot be compared. For example, from the evaluation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Organic removal activity in biofilm and suspended biomass fractions of MBBR systems

    The moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) wastewater treatment process is usually designed based on the assumption that all activity in the process occurs in the biofilm on the MBBR carriers, although there is always some active biomass in the bulk liquid due to biofilm sloughing and, sometimes, free-growing bacteria. In this study the removal of organic matter is evaluated in laboratory-scale MBBR ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Carbon Capture and Storage From Fossil Fuels and Biomass – Costs and Potential Role in Stabilizing the Atmosphere

    Abstract The capture and storage of CO2 from combustion of fossil fuels is gaining attraction as a means to deal with climate change. CO2 emissions from biomass conversion processes can also be captured. If that is done, biomass energy with CO2 capture and storage (BECS) would become a technology that removes CO2 from the atmosphere and at the same time deliver CO2-neutral energy carriers ...


    By Springer

  • Greener, Recyclable, and Reusable Ruthenium(III) Chloride/Polyethylene Glycol/Water System for the Selective Hydrogenation of Biomass-Derived Levulinic Acid to γ-Valerolactone

    A versatile and efficient catalyst for the hydrogenation of biomass-derived levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone (GVL) by using a RuCl3/polyethylene glycol (PEG-400) /H2O catalyst system was developed. The catalysis system was also found to be active for the hydrogenation of levulinate ester. The present protocol proceeded with 99 % conversion and 99 % selectivity ...


    By SusChem

  • Future Perspectives in Bioreactor Development

    The paper discusses conversion capacities of both anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment systems in relation to growth kinetics, hydrodynamics and biomass concentration. In the current modern anaerobic high-rate reactors the conversion potentials are optimally exploited. This is not yet true for aerobic systems since operation of aerobic systems under conditions of low biomass growth reduces ...


    By Paques B.V.

  • Novozymes CEO Peder Holk Nielsen Discusses Growth In Biofuel Industry

    On September 7, 2015, Clean Technica published a conversation with Novozymes CEO Peder Holk Nielsen about opportunities for growth coming from the upcoming COP 21 Paris climate talks. Nielsen expressed a desire for a form of taxation or limits on carbon emissions to be put ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Exergetic performance assessment of gasification and pyrolysis processes of pre-treated wood board wastes

    This paper investigates exergetic performance of gasification and pyrolysis processes and compares their exergy efficiencies, using the experimental data on a two-step process of thermo-chemical conversion of Wood Board (WB) wastes. The exergy values of biomass samples change from 17.49 MJ/kg to 24.57 MJ/kg, respectively. Hydrogen produced from pyrolysis step of gasification varies between 17 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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