biomass liquid fuel Articles

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The feasibility of producing alcohol fuels from biomass in Australia

    Apart from cost, the net production of energy is the most important factor in evaluating the feasibility of producing renewable fuels from woody biomass. Unlike sugar, the effort required to make woody materials fermentable is considerable, and has been a major barrier to the use of such materials to produce renewable fuels. The Energy Profit Ratio (EPR) of fossil fuels is declining rapidly as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Life cycle assessment of fuel production for biomass from dry land afforestation

    Biomass has been focused as a fuel resource because of its huge abundance and carbon–neutral characteristics. Thus, we attempted to use tree biomass as the resource to automotive fuel. From the global warming point of view, the biomass energy production from large–scale plantation is required, however, the land use should not be changed from crop field or forest land. In the present paper, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can solar sources meet Australia's electricity and liquid fuel demand?

    It is commonly assumed that because of its relatively high solar energy incidence Australia will be able to meet its energy demand from solar sources. However, an examination of evidence on existing and probable future efficiencies and costs indicates that it will not be possible to derive sufficient electricity or liquid fuels to sustain the present high per capita rates of consumption from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Beltran biomass cogeneration system

    An effective, economical solution for harvesting safe, renewable domestic energy, mitigating wastes and achieving environmental goals. Background The Beltran Biomass Cogeneration System (BBCS) is an integrated, three-stage process that uses proprietary gasification technology to convert biomass and other organic wastes into versatile, cleanburning synthesis gas. The purified ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels by alternative processes using natural gas, coal and biomass: process simulation and economic analysis

    The problem of producing synthetic liquid fuels by alternative routes is addressed. Industrial processes known as Gas To Liquid (GTL), Coal To Liquid (CTL) and Biomass To Liquid (BTL) are considered: they use natural gas, coal and biomass as feedstocks, respectively. By means of process simulation, it is shown that the fuel produced on a weight basis per unit of feedstock (natural gas, coal and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The production of biofuels and renewable chemicals by fast pyrolysis of biomass

    Bio-energy can provide more renewable energy requirements than any other technology. This paper focuses on fast pyrolysis as the only thermal process that directly delivers a high yield of liquid. This can be used on site or transported to centralised facilities for utilisation. This offers the potential for optimisation, greater economies of scale and exploitation of bio-refineries. The overall ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • For a Green Future: an Overview of Biomass Energy in China

    Biomass energy Biomass refers to biological materials or organic materials which is renewable and sustainable and could be used as a fuel source. The energy derived from the biomass materials  is called biomass energy. Biomass energy as one type of renewable energy has be developed with priorities in China. Current situation of Biomass resource in China ...


  • Spray drying of microalgae biomass for biofuel production

    BUCHI Mini Spray Dryer B-290: Yield and total yield determination in spray dried microalgaes Recently, microalgal biomass has been recognized as a promising alternative source of raw material for biofuel production. Algal biomass has several advantages that may help to meet the need for the global demand of transport fuels, such as rapid growth rate, high lipid content, small land usage, ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • A comparison of fast and slow pyrolysis liquids from mallee

    An exploratory comparative study of the fast and slow pyrolysis of eucalyptus mallee has been carried out to explore the differences in liquid yields and characteristics. The study focused on the liquid products, which were fully characterised and good mass balance closures were achieved. The influence of temperature and heating rates on the slow pyrolysis of eucalyptus mallee was investigated, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bio-char refineries: an accessible approach for the development of biomass-based industry

    Being a by-product of the well-established charcoal industry, slow pyrolysis bio-oil can be an excellent, cost-effective and renewable liquid fuel. However, even in Brazil, a country with a very clean energy profile and large-scale charcoal production, bio-oil is not properly utilised yet. A simple upgrade of traditional methods of charcoal production can significantly increase liquid fuel ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Refuse Derived Fuel, Current Practice and Perspectives

    Untitled Document Summary I OBJECTIVES The objectives of the project were to undertake a survey on the current ...

  • New Jersey Clarifies Definition Of Biofuels For Motor Fuel Tax Act Exemptions

    On August 10, 2015, Governor Chris Christie (R-NJ) signed into law S.B. 2599/A-4121, an act concerning the definition of certain fuels and amending P.L.2010, c.22. The legislation clarifies New Jersey's Motor Fuel Tax Act exemptions to include biofuels made from recycled grease, plants, and animal fats. In ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • 20th Annual Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards highlight biomass- and waste-to-resource technologies

    On July 13, 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced the winners of the 20th Annual Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards (PGCCA) and honored them at a ceremony at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. The PGCCAs were created in partnership with the American Chemical ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Study of the performance and exhaust emissions of a spark-ignited engine operating on syngas fuel

    To resolve the problem of depletion of petroleum based liquid fuels, various solutions have been proposed. One of them is the use of gaseous fuels that are generated from the gasification of woods, namely syngas or wood-gas fuels, as full supplement fuels in spark ignition internal combustion (IC) engines. This fuel consists of nearly 40% combustible gases, mainly hydrogen and carbon monoxide ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Taking Fossil Fuels to the Next Level - Standards Underpin Extraction, Processing and Distribution

    To the average person, the oil and gas industry may appear simple — a matter of literally tapping into a natural resource and distributing it to customers. Of course the matter of extraction is rarely simple, and in the case of emergent hydraulic fracturing technology, it is particularly complex and capital-intensive. In fact, the world of petroleum and natural gas extraction, distribution ...


    By ASTM International

  • US market and pellet trends

    Marth Companies refines biomass materials into pellets. Tony Morice tracked trends in energy consumption by end-use sector from 1949–2006. Biomass has played a relatively minimal role until recently; however, this could change given the “drastic” increases in liquid fuel prices in the last 12 months. Since 2005, pellet production has increased in six Midwestern states by 700%. Unfortunately, ...

  • Uniforet Mill, Quebec, Canada

    Biomass Drying For Bioenergy A DRY-REX low temperature biomass drying system was installed at a Uniforet pulp and paper mill in Quebec to dry sludge produced during the paper making process into a high efficiency biofuel. Prior to the DRY-REX project, the mill was spending millions of dollars to treat and landfill the sludge as waste. The DRY-REX system processed 200 wet tons of sludge a day ...

  • Global bioenergy: problems and prospects

    This paper explores the future global potential for bioenergy. We use energy analysis, and more generally climate change effects, as our criteria for evaluation. Since widespread use of new bioenergy is probably decades away, our evaluation attempts to take into account likely future conditions. Previous research displays large variations in estimates of both energy ratio and technical potential. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Solution concepts for the production of biogas

    With its products that go to form part of biogas plants, it is not only a significant pioneering role that Hofstetter Umwelttechnik AG in Switzerland deserves. The company in Berne also adopts a leading position on the worldwide market for utilizing biogas. Hofstetter products – the socalled flares and compressor stations – are designed both for fermentation plants for biomass and for plants for ...


    By Hofstetter BV

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