biomass processing Articles

  • Activated Carbons Prepared through H3PO4-Assisted Hydrothermal Carbonisation from Biomass Wastes: Porous Texture and Electrochemical Performance

    Hydrothermal treatment of biomass in the presence of phosphoric acid is proposed for the production of activated carbons (ACs). Interestingly, H3PO4 promotes the fixation of carbon atoms in the solid during hydrothermal treatment, which renders higher preparation yields than those of the conventional impregnation method. Upon carbonisation of the resulting hydrochars at ...


    By SusChem

  • Tax Credit Tips For Biogas Projects

    With the end of 2016 in plain view, anaerobic digestion (AD) projects in the development phase should examine what has to happen by December 31 in order to tap into available federal tax credits. Under current law, Section 45 of the federal tax code makes AD projects eligible for a Production Tax Credit (PTC), which can be converted into an Investment Tax Credit (ITC), if the projects are used to ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biosorption of strontium by Padina sp. algae biomass: process optimisation and equilibrium study

    Biosorption of strontium by Padina sp. algae from aqueous solutions was studied. A response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimise the biosorption parameters. The effects of pH, initial metal concentration in solution, biomass dosage and temperature on the strontium uptake by the algae were investigated. RSM analysis showed that the experimental data were adequately fitted to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Different process configurations for biomass-carrier-based treatment of industrial wastewater

    KeywordsBiological wastewater treatment, Industrial wastewater, biomass carriers, case study IntroductionBiological treatment is still the most cost effective method to oxidize organic pollutants in wastewater. However, industrial wastewaters from different sources vary widely in composition. In some cases, the wastewater composition might prevent biological treatment by ...

  • Modeling of an IFAS Process with Fungal Biomass Treating Pharmaceutical Wastewater

    The project involved the dynamic modeling of a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) treating pharmaceutical wastewater. The WWTP uses an integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) process with suspended carriers for biological treatment. The plant is unique in that it uses both fungal and bacterial IFAS reactors. The fungal biomass has been shown in laboratory testing to degrade a portion of the ...

  • Comparison of Biomass Selection Between a Novel Membrane Bioreactor and Activated Sludge Process

    ABSTRACTThis study examined the performance of a novel type of submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) system which utilizes polyethylene membrane of bigger pore size (mean around 18- 28μm) than normal MBRs. The system utilizes plate and frame structure with gravitational effluent flow. Two such bench scale MBR systems (0.084m3 of mixed liquor volume each) with membrane thickness of 0.48cm and ...

  • Different Process Configurations for Biomass-Carrier-Based Treatment of Industrial Wastewater

    IntroductionBiological treatment is still the most cost effective method to oxidize organic pollutants in wastewater. However, industrial wastewaters from different sources vary widely in composition. In some cases, the wastewater composition might prevent biological treatment by itself to meet effluent requirements. This work presents several different case studies: in laboratory, pilot and full ...

  • Mathematical models for biomass in membrane-BNR process for wastewater treatment

    The equation of biomass is related to the mass-balance equation of substrate. This equation of substrate is expressed according to a model using the Monod equation, which indicates some limits for calculating the amounts of VSS in the MBR process. Some degradation of biomass which is caused by long SRT might result in the generation of substrate based on COD. Research was conducted by lab-scale ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation of oxidation processes and biomass growth in intermittent sand filter

    Infiltration percolation is an extensive treatment process aimed at eliminating organic pollution, oxidizing ammonia and removing pathogens. The main purpose of this work was to improve, by means of a numerical model, the understanding of oxidation processes and biomass development in an intermittent sand filter. Hydrodynamic, dispersion and biologic parameters were calibrated and validated after ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What is Biomass Pellets Energy

    Biomass pellets energy means the energy made from biomass. What is biomass? Biomass refers to all the organic matters that store energy from photosynthesis. Therefore biomass in most cases means plants instead of animal. What is the chemical composition of biomass? Biomass is carbon based, so it contains ...


  • Cellular ATP – A Superior Measure of Active Biomass for Biological Wastewater Treatment Processes

    Biological wastewater treatment processes harness the ability of microorganisms to break down and assimilate organic compounds that, if left untreated, cause detriment to the environment. Although this process occurs naturally, engineered systems are used to accelerate the process by optimizing bioreactor conditions to promote higher-than-typical biomass concentrations, thus increasing the rate ...

  • Microbial biomass c and ninhydrin-reactive n as Parameters to characterize composting process

    The use of compost in agriculture is increasing as a source of organic matter to counteract the decrease of organic matter level in soils and as a means of disposal of agricultural and domestic waste. Despite many researches on the subject, there is still the need to improve our knowledge on the compost process and on the methods to evaluate compost maturity. The composting of organic waste has ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Flexibility with biomass size reduction

    With increased global demand for biomass as a renewable energy source, engaging in profi table and effi cient biomass handling has become priority No. 1 for processing plants worldwide. The equipment used to carry out the strict production requirements of chipping, grinding, shredding and conveying the wood chips is vital to the design and tonnage estimations of engineers. Choosing the right ...


    By TerraSource Global

  • Biomass Briquette Machine

    Biomass Briquette Machine Introduction The biomass briquette machine is mainly used in processing agricultural residue like straw, rice straw, peanut shell, corn cob into solid briquettes in advanced technology. Briquetting is closely related to pelleting except that lager size stick fuel over 30mm named as briquettes. Our briquettes machine assists in clean burning and achieves biomass ...


    By Allance Pellet Machinery

  • The Beltran biomass cogeneration system

    An effective, economical solution for harvesting safe, renewable domestic energy, mitigating wastes and achieving environmental goals. Background The Beltran Biomass Cogeneration System (BBCS) is an integrated, three-stage process that uses proprietary gasification technology to convert biomass and other organic wastes into versatile, cleanburning synthesis gas. The purified ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Biomass energy outlook

    Over the last three or four weeks, my newsletter, Burning Bio News, has been oddly extreme. Timothy Searchinger, Princeton University, is churning out more antibiofuel hearsay. Dennis Avery, Hudson Institute, was in the news again putting a counter-spin on climate change. The U.S.EPA released its proposed rule for regulation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) that includes industrial facilities that emit ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Production of synthetic gasoline and diesel fuels by alternative processes using natural gas, coal and biomass: process simulation and economic analysis

    The problem of producing synthetic liquid fuels by alternative routes is addressed. Industrial processes known as Gas To Liquid (GTL), Coal To Liquid (CTL) and Biomass To Liquid (BTL) are considered: they use natural gas, coal and biomass as feedstocks, respectively. By means of process simulation, it is shown that the fuel produced on a weight basis per unit of feedstock (natural gas, coal and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biomass Briquette Machine For Recycling Waste

    India is consistently heading towards the development and establishing more and more and industries which contributes nation to achieve high economic growth. And obviously due to that we can eradicate many problems like poverty, unemployment and other issues. But along with that pollution also increase. Everyday some chemical process take place which discharge chemical and also tons of industrial ...


    By Radhe Industrial Corporation

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fuel for Schools: A Biomass Success Story

    On our blog, you have learned about different types of biofuel, the process for creating biofuel, and the global benefits of using biomass technology. Now it’s time to see all of this information put into practice. Different areas of the country have supported a program called Fuel for Schools, which encourages the use of renewable, local resources to provide heat to schools. ...


    By Uzelac Industries, Inc

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