biomass pyrolysis Articles

  • The production of biofuels and renewable chemicals by fast pyrolysis of biomass

    Bio-energy can provide more renewable energy requirements than any other technology. This paper focuses on fast pyrolysis as the only thermal process that directly delivers a high yield of liquid. This can be used on site or transported to centralised facilities for utilisation. This offers the potential for optimisation, greater economies of scale and exploitation of bio-refineries. The overall ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of initial moisture on pyrolysis of fresh biomass

    Experiments were performed in a thermogravimetric analyser to understand the effects of initial moisture of biomass on its pyrolysis and kinetics. Scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to determine the effects of the initial moisture of grass on the char structure. Kinetic parameters were obtained by applying Flynn-Wall-Ozawa ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the thermal oxidation stability of pyrolysis biomass oil

    The rice husk-based biomass-oil is composed of complex organic compounds and water, and its oxidation stability has a direct influence on its physico-chemical property and application. The advanced oxidation experiments were carried out through the flowing of air and oxygen respectively. The influences of four factors, including gas flux, oxidation time, temperature and copper foil, on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The techno-economic assessment of biomass pyrolysis gasification system for central gas supply: a case study of Jinzhou

    The techno-economic assessment of biomass pyrolysis gasification system for central gas supply was conducted using cost and profit method. From the results, it can be seen that Net Present Value (at discount rate of 10%), profit/Cost, and Internal Return Rate of financial analysis in village level under the subsidy of government were 5.61 ? 104 Yuan, 1.09 and 13%, respectively. And Net Present ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Production and characterisation of bio-oil from biomass fast pyrolysis in a fluidised bed reactor

    Biomass fast pyrolyis in a fluidised bed reactor was carried out. Results showed that the highest bio-oil yield (62.39 wt%) was obtained from sawdust at 500?C. Bio-oil yield was influenced by biomass pyrolysis temperature from 450?C to 550?C, and maximum bio-oil yield of 53.33 wt% was achieved from pine sawdust with particle size less than 1 mm at 500?C. At 500?C, the bio-oil yield increased from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Kinetics of the low-temperature pyrolysis of walnut shell

    The walnut shell with particle size less than 0.154 mm pyrolysis mass loss behaviour was studied at different heating rates (5, 10, 20, 30, 40?C/min) using pyris1 thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) instrument. Results showed that the activation energies of walnut shell pyrolysis under the different fractions decomposed were centred on 134?172 kJ/mol by Ozawa method and Kissinger?Akahira?Sunose ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A comparison of fast and slow pyrolysis liquids from mallee

    An exploratory comparative study of the fast and slow pyrolysis of eucalyptus mallee has been carried out to explore the differences in liquid yields and characteristics. The study focused on the liquid products, which were fully characterised and good mass balance closures were achieved. The influence of temperature and heating rates on the slow pyrolysis of eucalyptus mallee was investigated, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Beltran biomass cogeneration system

    An effective, economical solution for harvesting safe, renewable domestic energy, mitigating wastes and achieving environmental goals. Background The Beltran Biomass Cogeneration System (BBCS) is an integrated, three-stage process that uses proprietary gasification technology to convert biomass and other organic wastes into versatile, cleanburning synthesis gas. The purified ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Biomass gassing as an effective source of energy

    Type     HOFGAS®- IFM4c 4000/2100 Performance     2100 Nm3/h / 3500 kW          Location     Limoges (FR) Situation A prestigious gassing plant for biomass is being built in the heart of France. The owner is promising himself a significantly higher level of efficiency through ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Exergetic performance assessment of gasification and pyrolysis processes of pre-treated wood board wastes

    This paper investigates exergetic performance of gasification and pyrolysis processes and compares their exergy efficiencies, using the experimental data on a two-step process of thermo-chemical conversion of Wood Board (WB) wastes. The exergy values of biomass samples change from 17.49 MJ/kg to 24.57 MJ/kg, respectively. Hydrogen produced from pyrolysis step of gasification varies between 17 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Bio-char refineries: an accessible approach for the development of biomass-based industry

    Being a by-product of the well-established charcoal industry, slow pyrolysis bio-oil can be an excellent, cost-effective and renewable liquid fuel. However, even in Brazil, a country with a very clean energy profile and large-scale charcoal production, bio-oil is not properly utilised yet. A simple upgrade of traditional methods of charcoal production can significantly increase liquid fuel ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exergy analysis of an integrated two–stage biomass gasifier and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell system

    In this study, an exergy analysis is applied to a conceptual integrated two–stage biomass gasifier and Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system. Several simulations are conducted to assess the effect of some key input parameters on the exergy ratios of the components and the exergy efficiency of the system. The results show that the exergy efficiency of the integrated system varies between 11.6% and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The conversion of acetol during the concentration process from wood vinegar

    Acetol, as one of the components of biomass pyrolysis liquid, is a high value-added compound for medicine synthesis. If acetol can be extracted from the renewable pyrolysis liquid, much environmental and economic benefit may be obtained; but the instability of acetol makes its concentration difficult. To clarify what compounds are formed from acetol during the distillation process, the components ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • DOE provides more renewables funding

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced on September 16 that it will provide nearly $100 million for renewable energy research, including $16.5 million for biomass energy, $30 million for state energy efficiency projects, and $9.6 million for “transformational” energy research, such as airborne wind turbines and solar photovoltaic (PV) systems with non-mechanical ...

  • International context and lessons for B.C.

    Paul McFarlane presented a paper co-authored by W.E. Mabee and J.N. Saddler. The International Energy Agency (IEA) was founded in 1974 in response to energy concerns. IEA is a forum for energy cooperation among 26 member countries within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). It interacts with non-OECD countries to enhance supply security, give advice on energy policy ...

  • Biochar application to soils - a critical scientific review of effects on soil properties, processes and functions

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARYBiochar application to soils is being considered as a means to sequester carbon (C) while concurrently improving soil functions. The main focus of this report is providing a critical scientific review of the current state of knowledge regarding the effects of biochar application to soils on soil properties, processes and functions. Wider issues, including atmospheric emissions ...

  • Adsorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+ in a binary aqueous solution by biosorbents derived from sawdust and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    The Zn2+ and Ni2+ adsorption capacities of six biosorbents derived from water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) (WH) and sawdust (SD) were investigated, with activated carbon as the control. The biosorbents were raw biomass (WH, SD), charred WH (BWH) and SD and sulphonated bio-chars of WH and SD. The effect of the initial solution pH and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biochar‐mediated reductive transformation of nitro herbicides and explosives

    Biochar, a subset of black carbon produced via pyrolysis of biomass, has received much attention in recent years due to its potential to address many important issues, from energy and climate to agriculture and environmental quality. Biochar is known to influence the fate and transport of organic contaminants, although its role has been generally assumed to be as an adsorbent. In this study, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Advanced, integrated systems meet the challenges of commercial-scale operation

    Technological frontiers in die alternative energy industry continue to widen in countries around the globe. As such, die exploitation of biomass as a source of energy has become die fastest-growing sector among a growing roster of energy solutions. Today, more energy is produced from various forms of biomass dian from all wind, solar and geodicrmal applications combined. Much of die excitement ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Biochar: forgotten agricultural nostrum

    What is biochar?  The new multifunctional products are in good request nowadays. One of such innovations is Biochar. This type of charcoal is manufactured using the low-temperature continuous pyrolysis equipment. The raw material for the recycling process is biomass (agricultural and other biological waste). Biochar origins (Terra ...


    By Polvax-Ukraine

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