biomass-to-liquid Articles

  • Biomass and Integration in Future Energy Systems and the Bioeconomy

    Biomass was the primary source of materials and energy until the industrial revolution set off a series of major changes around two hundred years ago. In the industrialized world fossil fuels became the primary source for energy in the forms of electricity and heat and provided almost all fuels for transport. However, biomass continued to maintain an important role in the economies in both ...

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • How Do You Choose the Best Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane System for an Industrial Facility?

    As global demands for clean water increase, more and more industrial facilities are looking toward membrane filtration solutions, such as reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF), to help manage intake, process, and waste water treatment. Using membrane filtration can help your facility reuse wastewater and virtually eliminate discharge fees, and depending on the industry or required use, it ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Focus on Microfiltration Part 2: Filter Longevity and Filter Selection

    Last month, we described the considerations associated with predicting filter service life and how total throughput can be estimated through experimentation.  In this second installment, we will examine four filter selection strategies for maximizing service life in continuous-use applications. These aspects consider chemical compatibility, temperature, binding characteristics, and pore ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Case study - Regulatory reporting done accurately and fast

    Bellatrix Exploration Bellatrix Exploration Ltd is a Calgary, Alberta based intermediate energy producer focused on exploration and development of light oil and liquids-rich natural gas opportunities in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. Looking for an Easier Way Bellatrix initially contacted Chemscape as they were looking for an easier way to ...

  • From a 1m3 cubitainer to 50mm chips, using a two-shaft shredder? With SatrindTec, “Sí, es posible!”

    A Spanish manufacturer of HPDE cubitainers and containers based in Cataluña has chosen SatrindTech to implement its recycling line of defective cubitainers. The request received by our Sales Department was to replace an existing SatrindTech twin-shaft shredder, in use since the mid-1990s, to now be able to ensure a regular size of the shredded material. ...


    By SatrindTech Srl

  • Scrubber Removes Grease and Particulates from Air Exhaust

    Operating Issue A food-industry leader in Alabama operates several pork-sausage cookers that exhaust over 4,000 ACFM of moisture and pork grease. The operator installed Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) to treat the exhaust but these systems performed poorly and generated high maintenance and operating costs. Additionally, these systems were antiquated and required significant capital ...


    By Pollution Systems

  • How Not to Lose Cadmium While Measuring?

    Today cadmium finds a better usage than a hundred years ago. For example, metal cadmium plating is used for anticorrosion coatings that are more stable than zinc, nickel and tin-plated. Cadmium plating of steel parts gives greater resistance to corrosion, especially in sea water. About 20% of cadmium goes to the manufacture of cadmium electrodes used in ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • University Environmental Health & Safety Departments: Handling Compressed Nitrogen and Cryogenics

    An explosion at a university research lab in Hawaii last year highlights the dangers of working with compressed gas and the need for safety equipment on campus. Learn the dangers of working with compressed gas, how an oxygen deficiency monitor can help, and campus safety best practices.  Compressed Gas on Campus: Uses and Dangers Compressed gases including ...

  • Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration Membrane Filtration Systems: Common Problems and How to Fix Them

    Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) are membrane filtration technologies that are designed to remove solute ions and molecules from a pretreated liquid stream. Well-designed RO/NF units are compact and demand relatively little maintenance, making them an attractive alternative to conventional treatment trains. Even despite the merits of today’s efficient RO/NF technologies, it pays ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Tire Shredding: Alternatives to Landfills

    For many reasons, whole tires pose a major problem to landfills. The most obvious is the inefficient use of space. The actual rubber of a tire takes up only a small fraction of the space a tire occupies, and the rest of the space is wasted. A less obvious but far more serious problem is that tires may trap methane gasses when buried with other garbage in landfills. When this happens, the tires ...


    By ECO Green Equipment

  • Kansas Facility Finds Fast, Reliable Fix to Cavitation Damage

    The Hutchinson (Kansas) Water Plant gets its water from 20 wells. The water is pumped out of the wells and into a reverse osmosis water treatment center to purify and ensure safe drinking water. At that point, a portion of the water is taken off from the main line, run through the reverse osmosis system and then mixed back ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Shredding Puzzle in the Process of Waste Material Recycling

    There are two main types of waste fabric waste: (1) the factory in the leather fabric processing and production of leather fabric can not be 100% of the use, so in the production of some by-products or waste, such as tailoring and sewing clothes when the extra cloth, cloth and other waste , As well as in the synthesis of chemical fiber in the process of excess waste and so ...


    By Harden Industries Ltd.

  • Western gateway storage company first to save with Evapcold - Case Study

    The best solution for freezer and cooler applications Western Gateway Project Specifications Equipment: (2) LCR-060P-L20-2H-W Evapcold Units (2) ATWB 9-7K12 Fluid Coolers Capacity: 70 TR per LCR Unit x (2) = 140 TR max capacity Charge: 290 lbs. NH3 per LCR Unit x (2) = 580 lbs. NH3 vs. 3500 lbs. NH3 ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Liquid application

    The CLD 88 enables to detect down to pMol level (nitrite / nitrate levels in drinking water).The new sample tube we are using (type 1), is optimized for this application. The internal flow restriction ismade from stainless steel and it can be cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaner. The sample flow of 110 ml/minminimizes the effect of the helium bubbles in the liquid sampler, which results in very low ...


    By ECO PHYSICS INC.

  • What is Biomass Pellets Energy

    Biomass pellets energy means the energy made from biomass. What is biomass? Biomass refers to all the organic matters that store energy from photosynthesis. Therefore biomass in most cases means plants instead of animal. What is the chemical composition of biomass? Biomass is carbon based, so it contains ...


  • Biomass-fired fuel cells

    The results are presented of a techno-economic analysis of systems integrating biomass gasification plant with phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells. The cases studied relate to the generation of electricity at a scale of 500 kWe. At this level, the plant would be suitable for small-scale commercial or industrial application and would allow for the export of surplus electricity. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic Biomass Activity Tests

    Anaerobic Biomass Activity Tests The methane production activity of anaerobic sludges is related to the history of the sludge, the biomass yield from the wastewater the sludge has been treating, the fraction of methanogens, and the presence of toxic substances. Best performance can be achieved from an anaerobic treatment plant if the operator measures the Specific Methanogenic Production (SMP) ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Biomass power generation in China

    “China is an agricultural country,” said Frank Miao. Farmers used to burn harvest waste, and the government decided to capture this energy by constructing a biomass power plant. At the end of 2006, the total biomass power generation capacity in China was approximately 2,200 megawatts (MW). The planned capacity of biomass power plants is 30,000 MW by 2020. Depending on the size of the plant, three ...

  • Flexibility with biomass size reduction

    With increased global demand for biomass as a renewable energy source, engaging in profi table and effi cient biomass handling has become priority No. 1 for processing plants worldwide. The equipment used to carry out the strict production requirements of chipping, grinding, shredding and conveying the wood chips is vital to the design and tonnage estimations of engineers. Choosing the right ...


    By TerraSource Global

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you