biomass-to-liquid Articles

  • What Is Zero Liquid Discharge and How Does It Work?

    Not every industrial facility that produces wastewater will require zero liquid discharge (ZLD). It is usually looked to as a last resort because it can be a complex process that requires a high initial investment. If a facility is located on a site that has severe water scarcity issues and/or astronomical discharge fees, it might be ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Liquid fuels from woody biomass

    Although challenges like global climate change and oil depletion will increasingly drive fuel selection, increasing bioenergy use is only one of many possible responses to these problems. Present biomass liquid fuels are almost all derived from food crops, but their potential for further expansion is limited. Any major expansion of biomass liquid fuels will require use of the more abundant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Does your facility need Zero Liquid Discharge Technology?

    If your industrial facility discharges its waste into deep wells, streams, sewers to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs), and/or other waterways, it is likely there are some types of regulations on discharging the waste. With an increasing push toward environmental protection, many industrial facilities and effluent regulators are strengthening strategies to reduce industrial process waste. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Sludge Blanket Level Detection – making new process opportunities possible

    Much Pulsar's Self-Cleaning Viper Sludge Sensor of the demonstrating the effective maintenance-free solution. discussion around the way we deal with sewage sludge – the way it is moved around the process, the bellmouth valves and decant processes, the downstream treatment of the liquors, important issues around TOTEX and discharge Compliance, plus more recently the ...

  • Railroad Tie Facility Wastewater Treatment of Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Facility Backgorund Amerities South built a new state-of the-art facility economically benefiting the surrounding Hope AR communities. The process goal of this project was the efficient removal of biomass and other constituents (both suspended and dissolved) from a rail road tie plant wastewater stream. The wastewater consists primarily of TSS, BOD and FOG and other polynuclear ...


    By Auquix, LLC

  • Self-purification of marine environments for heavy metals: a study on removal of lead(II) and copper(II) by cuttlebone

    The aim of this study was to determine adsorption properties of cuttlebone, cuttlefish bone as dead biomass, for lead(II) and copper(II) from aqueous solutions. Adsorption kinetic, isotherm and effect of pH (in the range of 2.0–7.0) were investigated in a single component batch system at room temperature (25 ± 1 °C). The heavy metal adsorption by cuttlebone was relatively rapid ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Designing With Geosynthetic Clay Liners

    In construction, preventing the penetration of liquids and gases is essential to maintaining the integrity of a structure. Often, containment is just as important, especially when dealing with chemical contaminants or other waste. When looking to stop the spread of contaminated liquids and gases, there are few tools as effective as geosynthetic clay liners (GCL). Read on to learn how to design ...


    By Agru America, Inc.

  • The Clog Blog

    Clogging and over pressuring are definitely problematic for Liquid Chromatography columns. Back in 2005 John Dolan’s sage advice to chromatographers to make an LC column last forever was simple, “Never open the box!” As John pointed out, this is not practical and I have to agree. But as an LC column manufacturer I have seen remarks from customers regarding clogging as though it ...


    By Restek Corporation

  • Low energy mixing to optimize anaerobic digestion at the Kitchener WWTP

    The existing Kitchener Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) is a conventional secondary treatment facility, with a rated capacity of 122,745 mVd. The plant is comprised of two separate secondary treatment plants (Plant 1 and Plant 2) served by a common headworks facilities and primary clarifier facilities. Plant 1 was constructed in the early 1960s and Plant 2 was constructed in the mid-1970s. Both ...

  • LED Applications for Oil and Gas Refining and Processing

    Oil and gas processing facilities are unsafe due to the existence of hazardous compounds during operations. When addressing such issues, companies in the sector may deploy explosion proof lighting systems to prevent the ignition of sparks created from the electrical equipment. The adoption of LED technology in oil and gas refineries has helped reinforce key safety measures associated with ...


    By Larson Electronics LLC

  • The ‘ins and outs’ of air quality monitoring

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recently issued draft guidance on ‘Air pollution - outdoor air quality and health.’ In the following article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors Ltd, explains why there will need to be more funding for monitoring if the mitigation measures mentioned in the guidance are to be implemented effectively. Jim also ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • The benefits of monitoring compressed air

    Compressed air is used in many manufacturing processes for many different reasons, from the actuation and control of pneumatic valves and cylinders to the operation of process machinery and tooling. It can also be used as a transport medium for bulk materials or as a purge gas. For all its uses it is nonetheless expensive. This is why, through detailed monitoring, a business can enjoy the ...


    By Contrec Europe Limited

  • Changing the Rules with Mass Detection

    How simplified detectors can provide mass data for every analytical run and speed up method development With access to multiple mass spectrometry systems of varying degrees of sophistication, Davy Guillarme (University of Geneva, Switzerland) wasn’t actively looking for new mass detection solutions. Nevertheless, the Waters ACQUITY QDa mass detector caught his eye. Why? Because it opens a ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Liquid application

    The CLD 88 enables to detect down to pMol level (nitrite / nitrate levels in drinking water).The new sample tube we are using (type 1), is optimized for this application. The internal flow restriction ismade from stainless steel and it can be cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaner. The sample flow of 110 ml/minminimizes the effect of the helium bubbles in the liquid sampler, which results in very low ...


    By ECO PHYSICS INC.

  • What is Biomass Pellets Energy

    Biomass pellets energy means the energy made from biomass. What is biomass? Biomass refers to all the organic matters that store energy from photosynthesis. Therefore biomass in most cases means plants instead of animal. What is the chemical composition of biomass? Biomass is carbon based, so it contains ...


  • Biomass-fired fuel cells

    The results are presented of a techno-economic analysis of systems integrating biomass gasification plant with phosphoric acid and molten carbonate fuel cells. The cases studied relate to the generation of electricity at a scale of 500 kWe. At this level, the plant would be suitable for small-scale commercial or industrial application and would allow for the export of surplus electricity. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Anaerobic Biomass Activity Tests

    Anaerobic Biomass Activity Tests The methane production activity of anaerobic sludges is related to the history of the sludge, the biomass yield from the wastewater the sludge has been treating, the fraction of methanogens, and the presence of toxic substances. Best performance can be achieved from an anaerobic treatment plant if the operator measures the Specific Methanogenic Production (SMP) ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Biomass Briquette Machine

    Biomass Briquette Machine Introduction The biomass briquette machine is mainly used in processing agricultural residue like straw, rice straw, peanut shell, corn cob into solid briquettes in advanced technology. Briquetting is closely related to pelleting except that lager size stick fuel over 30mm named as briquettes. Our briquettes machine assists in clean burning and achieves biomass ...


    By Allance Pellet Machinery

  • Biomass power generation in China

    “China is an agricultural country,” said Frank Miao. Farmers used to burn harvest waste, and the government decided to capture this energy by constructing a biomass power plant. At the end of 2006, the total biomass power generation capacity in China was approximately 2,200 megawatts (MW). The planned capacity of biomass power plants is 30,000 MW by 2020. Depending on the size of the plant, three ...

  • Flexibility with biomass size reduction

    With increased global demand for biomass as a renewable energy source, engaging in profi table and effi cient biomass handling has become priority No. 1 for processing plants worldwide. The equipment used to carry out the strict production requirements of chipping, grinding, shredding and conveying the wood chips is vital to the design and tonnage estimations of engineers. Choosing the right ...


    By TerraSource Global

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