bioreactor control Articles

  • Selection of Bioreactor Media for Odor Control

    The support media is one of the most critical elements of a biofiltration system. In this chapter, biofilters and biotrickling filters will be referred to as “biofilter”, and this distinction will be discussed later in this chapter. The support media’s main function is to provide contact between the gas-phase contaminants and active microbial cultures either immobilized within and/or attached as ...


    By PRD Tech, Inc.

  • Energy Usage and Control at a Membrane Bioreactor Facility

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment has come of age in the United States, and is now considered for advanced treatment on facilities of 15 mgd and more. It offers the advantages of high clarity effluent without secondary clarifiers or filters, and the capability to perform in a very compact layout and configuration. As utility agencies consider MBR treatment, they may tend to overlook its high ...

  • Pulse shear stress for anaerobic membrane bioreactor fouling control

    Increase of shear stress at membrane surfaces is a generally applied strategy to minimize membrane fouling. It has been reported that a two-phase flow, better known as slug flow, is an effective way to increase shear stress. Hence, slug flow was introduced into an anaerobic membrane bioreactor for membrane fouling control. Anaerobic suspended sludge was cultured in an anaerobic membrane ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A knowledge-based control system for air-scour optimisation in membrane bioreactors

    Although membrane bioreactors (MBRs) technology is still a growing sector, its progressive implementation all over the world, together with great technical achievements, has allowed it to reach a mature degree, just comparable to other more conventional wastewater treatment technologies. With current energy requirements around 0.6–1.1 kWh/m3 of treated wastewater and investment costs similar to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cycle-time determination and process control of sequencing batch membrane bioreactors

    In this paper a method to determine the cycle time for sequencing batch membrane bioreactors (SBMBRs) is introduced. One of the advantages of SBMBRs is the simplicity of adapting them to varying wastewater composition. The benefit of this flexibility can only be fully utilised if the cycle times are optimised for the specific inlet load conditions. This requires either proactive and ongoing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Sanitary Landfill

    The Problem The county of Warren NJ owns and operates a sanitary landfill in Oxford Twp, NJ. The facility generates an average of 50,000 gallons per day of leachate, with peaks to 100,000 gallons per day. The facility was discharging to a local POTW from their lagoon, but they were facing requirements for nitrogen removal from the POTW and needed a new system to provide ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for National Park

    The problem: Assateague Island is a barrier island that stretches from the Eastern shore of Maryland down Atlantic coast to Virginia. The island is a National Park, administered by the National Park Service, under the National Seashore division. Assateague Island is a vital resting and feeding area for birds and also is home to more than 300 wild ponies. The park receives about 1 ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Mass conversion in bioreactors - Process analytics controls biotechnological reactions – Case Study

    Bioreactors Bioreactors are technical vessels of different design in which biological and chemical substances are converted or produced under controlled conditions. In bioreactors the knowledge about metabolic processes is applied to produce different substances, to generate energy and to degrade or transform pollutants. Bioreactors, also called fermenters, are not ...

  • Comparison of Biofouling Control in a Membrane Bioreactor Via Two Coarse Bubble Aeration Cycles

    In the membrane bioreactor (MBR) process, coarse bubble aeration is used to scour the surface of the membranes to help control biofouling. Energy required for coarse bubble aeration represents a significant fraction of the total power demand for these systems. To reduce this demand, MBR systems manufactured by Zenon Environmental Inc. operate with cyclic aeration, using a cycle of 10 seconds on ...

  • Reduced order model monitoring and control of a membrane bioreactor system via delayed measurements

    Activated sludge treatment is one of the most widely used processes for wastewater treatment (WWT). These systems are built with sufficient design margin to allow changes in loading and process conditions. This is necessary and prudent to overcome limitations in measurement, monitoring and controlling of WWT process parameters at the desired frequency. Online sensors for mixed liquor suspended ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Considerations for the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor

    This paper reviews recent advances in research focusing on the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor and including methodologies for determining the timing for hydraulic and sludge retention, sludge concentration optimisation, the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, membrane fouling control, and the analysis of processing economics.Keywords: membrane bioreactors, activated sludge, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In-stream bioreactor for agricultural nitrate treatment

    Nitrate from agricultural activity contributes to nutrient loading in surface water bodies such as the Mississippi River. This study demonstrates a novel in-stream bioreactor that uses carbonaceous solids (woodchips) to promote denitrification of agricultural drainage. The reactor (40 m3) was trenched into the bottom of an existing agricultural drainage ditch in southern Ontario (Avon site), and ...

  • Pilot testing of a membrane bioreactor for metals removal

    The City of Davis, California (City) Water Pollution Control Plant (WPCP) is facing stricter effluent permit requirements and compliance with the California Toxics Rule (CTR) effluent limitations. The impact of these requirements will necessitate upgrades to the existing WPCP to include conventional secondary and tertiary processes to control the discharge of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), ...

  • Chlorination Disinfection Requirements for Membrane Bioreactor Permeate

     ABSTRACT The membrane bioreactor (MBR) process is typically designed and operated to produce a fully nitrified, high quality effluent (permeate) that makes it possible to use free chlorine for disinfection. In California, regulations (Title 22) require a minimum CT value of 450 mg-min/L or 5-log virus inactivation when chlorine is used to produce “disinfected tertiary effluent.” In ...

  • Investigation on the performance of hybrid anaerobic membrane bioreactors for fouling control and biogas production in palm oil mill effluent treatment

    Three different sizes of powdered activated carbon (PAC) were added in hybrid anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) and their performance was compared with a conventional AnMBR without PAC in treating palm oil mill effluent. Their working volume was 1 L each. From the result, AnMBRs with PAC performed better than the AnMBR without PAC. It was also found that adding a relatively smaller size ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of Novel Operational Strategies for Submerged Membrane Bioreactors

    MBR technology is still expensive to operate when compared to more traditional alternatives. The cost of the membrane and its operation is a significant variable in the overall capital and operational costs of an MBR. A novel dynamic scouring aeration control for membrane bioreactors is proposed in this contribution in order to minimize internal fouling of the membrane and increase the maximum ...

  • Stabilisation of municipal solid waste in bioreactor landfills - an overview

    The basic purpose of operating landfills as bioreactors is to enhance the waste degradation and to stabilise the waste in shorter time period as compared to conventional dry tomb landfills. This paper presents an overview of bioreactor landfills in terms of various factors affecting stabilisation of municipal solid waste. Moisture is considered to play a critical role in the biodegradation of the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you