bioreactor design Articles

  • Considerations for the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor

    This paper reviews recent advances in research focusing on the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor and including methodologies for determining the timing for hydraulic and sludge retention, sludge concentration optimisation, the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, membrane fouling control, and the analysis of processing economics.Keywords: membrane bioreactors, activated sludge, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Redundancy and Reliability – The 5th Generation of Membrane Bioreactor Design

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) facility designs have progressed through four generations of development (Crawford et al, 2001). The four generations are generally described as evolving from long Solids Retention Time (SRT) package plants, to the inclusion of nutrient removal (total nitrogen and/or phosphorus), to equipment and facility design optimization by reducing both the SRT and the Mixed Liquor ...

  • Commissioning and operating submerged membrane bioreactors: a designer's perspective

    Submerged Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) applications for wastewater treatment have taken off in recent years in New Zealand. From designer perspectives, the membrane modules replace the conventional secondary clarifier, thus eliminating solids settling issues and reducing plant footprint. This paper discusses the recent experiences of Harrison Grierson Consultants Limited designing and commissioning ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane Bioreactor Pilot

    The problem A company which produces a product that requires a constant supply of relatively clean water is planning to expand by adding new process units online.  The plant currently uses well water as a supply to its production.  The water production from the well is limited.  They need to install a system to produce reuse water to reduce the amount of water required ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Design and operating experiences of full-scale municipal membrane bioreactors in Japan

    In Japan, membrane bioreactor (MBRs) have been installed in 17 small-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in the past 8 years, together with two recently installed MBRs for larger-scale WWTPs. In this study, design and operating data were collected from 17 of them as part of a follow-up survey, and aspects including system design, biological treatment, membrane operation, problems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brightwater: The Design Challenges of a 39 mgd (150 MLD) Membrane Bioreactor

    Many Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) facilities have been constructed in North America, however to date the largest operating MBR facility in Traverse City MI has had a maximum month capacity of 8.5 mgd (32 MLD). The Brightwater MBR plant, now under construction in King County, Washington, is designed to have a maximum continuous capacity of 39 mgd (148 MLD), with a peak MBR treatment capacity of 57 ...

  • Considerations on the design and financial feasibility of full-scale membrane bioreactors for municipal applications

    Based on the practical experience in design and operation of three full-scale membrane bioreactors (MBR) for municipal wastewater treatment that were commissioned since 1999, an overview on the different design concepts that were applied to the three MBR plants is given. The investment costs and the energy consumption of the MBRs and conventional activated sludge (CAS) plants (with and without ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Retirement Community

    The facility: Glen Meadows is a retirement community located next to Gunpowder Falls State Park in north-central Maryland’s open country.  The community has Independent Living, Assisted Living, and Skilled Nursing and Rehabilitation facilities. The problem: The facility has grown significantly over the years. At first, a septic system ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Sanitary Landfill

    The Problem The county of Warren NJ owns and operates a sanitary landfill in Oxford Twp, NJ. The facility generates an average of 50,000 gallons per day of leachate, with peaks to 100,000 gallons per day. The facility was discharging to a local POTW from their lagoon, but they were facing requirements for nitrogen removal from the POTW and needed a new system to provide ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for National Park

    The problem: Assateague Island is a barrier island that stretches from the Eastern shore of Maryland down Atlantic coast to Virginia. The island is a National Park, administered by the National Park Service, under the National Seashore division. Assateague Island is a vital resting and feeding area for birds and also is home to more than 300 wild ponies. The park receives about 1 ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Biodegradation of Phenanthrene by Mixed Culture Consortia in Batch Bioreactor using Central Composite Face-Entered Design

    Biodegradation of Phenanthrene (PHE) was studied in aqueous culture to demonstrate the potential of the mixed culture in degrading high concentration of PHE. The experiments were conducted to monitor biodegradation of Phenanthrene for duration of 6 days. Biodegradation of PHE was successfully achieved in low and middle concentration by the isolated mixed culture. A full ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Airlift bioreactors: Application to wastewater treatment

    After an introductory review, this paper presents a three-phase reactor fluid dynamic model that is used in the development of a generic process for upgrading existing wastewater treatment plants (WWT). The aim is to incorporate nitrification and de-nitrification without additional reactor volume. The core of the process consists of an attached growth airlift reactor (AGAR) in which a biomass ...

  • In-stream bioreactor for agricultural nitrate treatment

    Nitrate from agricultural activity contributes to nutrient loading in surface water bodies such as the Mississippi River. This study demonstrates a novel in-stream bioreactor that uses carbonaceous solids (woodchips) to promote denitrification of agricultural drainage. The reactor (40 m3) was trenched into the bottom of an existing agricultural drainage ditch in southern Ontario (Avon site), and ...

  • Optimal design of multi-stage bioreactors performing wastewater treatment using the MATLAB optimisation function ( fmincon )

    Optimum design of continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTRs) in series to biodegrade organics in wastewater was carried out. It was assumed that cell growth kinetics follows Contois model with endogenous decay. The optimal design was based on the minimum overall reactors volume required for a certain degree of substrate removal. The effect of operating parameters such as substrate inlet feed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane Bioreactors – Enviroquip MBR Systems (Retrofit)

    The Leoni Township’s wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) serves thirteen communities across three counties including the Michigan Speedway complex. A moratorium on growth was put in place until capacity and treatment issues with an aging aerated lagoon system could be addressed. In June of this year, construction of a new membrane bioreactor (MBR) ...

  • Chlorination Disinfection Requirements for Membrane Bioreactor Permeate

     ABSTRACT The membrane bioreactor (MBR) process is typically designed and operated to produce a fully nitrified, high quality effluent (permeate) that makes it possible to use free chlorine for disinfection. In California, regulations (Title 22) require a minimum CT value of 450 mg-min/L or 5-log virus inactivation when chlorine is used to produce “disinfected tertiary effluent.” In ...

  • Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal within Membrane Bioreactors

    Several Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) facilities have been constructed with the intent of providing Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR), and several additional such plants are being designed and constructed. Full-scale plant information is now available for process designers to better understand the unique design and operating issues associated with the incorporation of EBPR designs in ...

  • Long Term Experience with Hollow Fibre Membrane Bioreactors

    Abstract The membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology has been proven as a single step process to treat wastewater and produce an outstanding effluent quality suitable for reuse, either directly or as a pretreatment to reverse osmosis. While it is relatively simple to combine activated sludge with a membrane separation step, a number of challenges must be met to provide a process suitable for ...

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