bioreactor effluent Articles

  • Advanced treatment of Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) effluents for effective wastewater reclamation

    One of the two main objectives of this work is to oxidize MBR effluents with ozone/peroxide in high pH conditions in order to improve oxidation of pharmaceuticals, which could efficiently be rejected by the nanofiltration (NF) stage. The other main objective is to effectively oxidize of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in MBR effluents in order to decrease fouling in the filtration stage. In this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of passive reduction of nitrate from greenhouse effluent by planted bioreactors

    A number of pilot-scale gravel and wood-chip hybrid bioreactors planted with select species, together with unplanted units, were evaluated for their nutrient removal capabilities from the typical greenhouse effluent with high levels of nitrate and salts. Two levels of nutrient solution (high and low loading: HL/LL) were prepared to simulate the typical characteristics of the greenhouse ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for National Park

    The problem: Assateague Island is a barrier island that stretches from the Eastern shore of Maryland down Atlantic coast to Virginia. The island is a National Park, administered by the National Park Service, under the National Seashore division. Assateague Island is a vital resting and feeding area for birds and also is home to more than 300 wild ponies. The park receives about 1 ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane bioreactor application within the treatment of high-strength textile effluent

    A pilot-scale dual-stage membrane bioreactor (dsMBR) incorporating two ultra-filtration (UF) side-stream membrane modules was designed, constructed, operated and evaluated on-site for treating high-strength textile effluent. The effluent stream was characterised by a COD range of between 45 to 2,820 mg/L and an average BOD of 192.5 mg/L. The dsMBR achieved an average COD reduction of 75% with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Sanitary Landfill

    The Problem The county of Warren NJ owns and operates a sanitary landfill in Oxford Twp, NJ. The facility generates an average of 50,000 gallons per day of leachate, with peaks to 100,000 gallons per day. The facility was discharging to a local POTW from their lagoon, but they were facing requirements for nitrogen removal from the POTW and needed a new system to provide ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Treatment of distillery anaerobic effluent in a hybrid biological reactor

    The treatability of anaerobic effluent from a molasses-based distillery was studied in a shaft-type hybrid bioreactor under purely suspended growth and hybrid system containing 5 mm tyre-tube beads. The Ks, k, Y and k found as 111.29 mg/l, 0.026/h, 0.4607 and 0.0040/h respectively. The maximum COD removal was 51.7% at a loading rate of 5.250 kg d−1 m−3. The overall removal rate was 0.0431, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Future Perspectives in Bioreactor Development

    The paper discusses conversion capacities of both anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment systems in relation to growth kinetics, hydrodynamics and biomass concentration. In the current modern anaerobic high-rate reactors the conversion potentials are optimally exploited. This is not yet true for aerobic systems since operation of aerobic systems under conditions of low biomass growth reduces ...


    By Paques Technology B.V.

  • Pilot testing of a membrane bioreactor for metals removal

    The City of Davis, California (City) Water Pollution Control Plant (WPCP) is facing stricter effluent permit requirements and compliance with the California Toxics Rule (CTR) effluent limitations. The impact of these requirements will necessitate upgrades to the existing WPCP to include conventional secondary and tertiary processes to control the discharge of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), ...

  • Treatment of hospital wastewater effluent by nanofiltration and reverse osmosis

    Considerable concern exists regarding the appearance and effects of trace and ultra trace pollutants in the aquatic environment. In this context, it is necessary to identify relevant hot spot wastewater – such as hospital wastewater – and to implement specific wastewater treatment solutions. Membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology seems to be a suitable pre-treatment approach for the subsequent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of farm dairy effluent with hybrid upflow multilayer bioreactor and activated sludge module

    Biological removal of nitrogen and carbon from farm dairy effluent (FDE) was studied with two laboratory-scale systems following nitrification and denitrification processes. Each system consisted of an upflow multilayer bioreactor (UMBR) as a pre-denitrification unit, an aeration tank (AT) as nitrification unit and a secondary clarifier. The optimization of two operational variables, total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy Usage and Control at a Membrane Bioreactor Facility

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment has come of age in the United States, and is now considered for advanced treatment on facilities of 15 mgd and more. It offers the advantages of high clarity effluent without secondary clarifiers or filters, and the capability to perform in a very compact layout and configuration. As utility agencies consider MBR treatment, they may tend to overlook its high ...

  • Chlorination Disinfection Requirements for Membrane Bioreactor Permeate

     ABSTRACT The membrane bioreactor (MBR) process is typically designed and operated to produce a fully nitrified, high quality effluent (permeate) that makes it possible to use free chlorine for disinfection. In California, regulations (Title 22) require a minimum CT value of 450 mg-min/L or 5-log virus inactivation when chlorine is used to produce “disinfected tertiary effluent.” In ...

  • Denitrification in wood chip bioreactors at different water flows

    Subsurface drainage in agricultural watersheds exports a large quantity of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3–N) and concentrations frequently exceed 10 mg L–1. A laboratory column study was conducted to investigate the ability of a wood chip bioreactor to promote denitrification under mean water flow rates of 2.9, 6.6, 8.7 and 13.6 cm d–1 which are representative of flows entering subsurface drainage tiles. ...

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A comparative study of the hydroxyl radical scavenging capacity of activated sludge and membrane bioreactor wastewater effluents

    This study evaluated the hydroxyl radical scavenging characteristics of wastewater from five membrane bioreactor (MBR) and five activated sludge (AS) systems. The average values of the characteristics of both wastewater types was found to be significantly different at a 90% confidence interval in terms UV absorbance at 254 nm, alkalinity, and biopolymer concentration. Effluent organic matter ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring endocrine activity in kraft mill effluent treated by aerobic moving bed bioreactor system

    A Moving Bed Bioreactor (MBBR) was operated at three different hydraulic retention times for a period of 414 days. The fate of the extractive compounds and the estrogenic activity of the Pinus radiata kraft mill effluents were evaluated using Yeast Estrogen Screen (YES) and gas chromatography – mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detection. Results show that the MBBR reactor is able to remove between ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling organic nitrogen conversions in activated sludge bioreactors

    For biological nutrient removal (BNR) systems designed to maximize nitrogen removal, the effluent total nitrogen (TN) concentration may range from 2.0 to 4.0 g N/m3 with about 25–50% in the form of organic nitrogen (ON). In this study, current approaches to modeling organic N conversions (separate processes vs. constant contents of organic fractions) were compared. A new conceptual model of ON ...


    By IWA Publishing

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