bioreactor MBR Articles

  • Effect of phosphorus concentration on phosphorus removal and biomass

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) process was employed to study the effect of biological phosphorus removal (bio-P removal) and P-content in treated sludge with increased phosphorus concentration present in the wastewater. Further, the following four test fractions of raw wastewaters was obtained having different P-concentrations viz., run 1: P-20 mg/L, run 2: P-40 mg/L, run 3: P-60 mg/L, run 4: P-80 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy Usage and Control at a Membrane Bioreactor Facility

    Membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment has come of age in the United States, and is now considered for advanced treatment on facilities of 15 mgd and more. It offers the advantages of high clarity effluent without secondary clarifiers or filters, and the capability to perform in a very compact layout and configuration. As utility agencies consider MBR treatment, they may tend to overlook its high ...

  • Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal within Membrane Bioreactors

    Several Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) facilities have been constructed with the intent of providing Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR), and several additional such plants are being designed and constructed. Full-scale plant information is now available for process designers to better understand the unique design and operating issues associated with the incorporation of EBPR designs in ...

  • Membrane bioreactor technology for decentralised wastewater treatment and reuse

    There is a growing interest in utilising non-traditional water resources by means of water reclamation and water recycling for long term sustainability. Amongst the many treatment alternatives, membrane bioreactors (MBRs) have been seen as an effective technology capable of transforming various types of wastewater into high-quality effluent exceeding most discharge requirements and suitable for a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nitrogen removal using an anammox membrane bioreactor at low temperature

    Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) have the ability to completely retain biomass and are thus suitable for slowly growing anammox bacteria. In the present study, an anammox MBR was operated to investigate whether the anammox activity would remain stable at low temperature, without anammox biomass washout. The maximum nitrogen removal rates were 6.7 and 1.1 g-N L−1 day−1 at 35 °C and 15 °C, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Effect of Biomass Particle Characteristics on the Sorption Hysteresis of 17α-Ethinylestradiol

    The effects of particle characteristics on sorption and hysteresis of 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) were investigated in membrane bioreactor (MBR) and sequencing batch reactor (SBR). These results showed that the magnitude of the sorption partitioning coefficient depended on the particle specific surface area. This study also found that the sorption hysteresis index was greater for biomass ...

  • Influence of shear on nitrification rates in a membrane bioreactor

    Grundfos BioBooster (GBB) installed and operated a membrane bioreactor (MBR) test plant in 2012. During the period it became evident that the nitrification rate was lower than expected and a study was carried out to investigate the possible reasons for the observed low-nitrification rate. Tests were conducted at a pilot plant and the effect of shear from the BioBooster membrane system and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of nanofiltration for reuse of wastewater

    The present research is a part of efforts to reuse wastewater by applying nanofiltration (NF) method for the secondary treatment of bio–treated wastewater and to check the quality of product water as irrigation water by using various analytical methods. For this, the performances of three different NF membranes (CK, GE–Osmonics; NF–270 and NF–90, Dow–FilmTech) were investigated using a cross–flow ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Oily wastewater treatment using membrane bioreactor

    A novel implementation of a membrane bioreactor (MBR) has been studied in this paper. It is utilised as combination of rotating biological contractor (RBC) and an external membrane for oily wastewater treatment. The performance of MBR was compared with the standalone RBC. The RBC used in this investigation is the same one combined with the membrane to form the MBR. Wastewater biodegradability has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Commissioning and operating submerged membrane bioreactors: a designer's perspective

    Submerged Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) applications for wastewater treatment have taken off in recent years in New Zealand. From designer perspectives, the membrane modules replace the conventional secondary clarifier, thus eliminating solids settling issues and reducing plant footprint. This paper discusses the recent experiences of Harrison Grierson Consultants Limited designing and commissioning ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane fouling caused by sub-micron particles in a mixed liquor suspension of an MBR

    Membrane fouling needs to be mitigated for widespread use of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). It has been pointed out that particles with small sizes found in supernatants (sub-micron particles) of mixed liquor suspensions of MBRs are important in the evolution of membrane fouling of this technology. However, information on characteristics of sub-micron particles in MBRs is still insufficient. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low dissolved oxygen membrane bioreactor processes (LDO–MBRs): a review

    Aeration energy demands for bioprocesses and membrane scouring in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) account for 50% to over 70% of the total operational energy consumption. Energy saving achieved by operating MBRs under low dissolved oxygen (DO) would be an interesting approach to bring MBRs to higher levels of efficiency. This review paper is first carried out to provide a systematic investigation on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modular operation of membrane bioreactors for higher hydraulic capacity utilisation

    Using data from 6 full-scale municipal membrane bioreactors (MBR) in Germany the hydraulic capacity utilisation and specific energy consumption were studied and their connexion shown. The average hydraulic capacity utilisation lies between 14% and 45%. These low values are justified by the necessity to deal with intense rain events and cater for future flow increases. However, this low hydraulic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Deposit membrane fouling: influence of specific cake layer resistance and tangential shear stresses

    Cake fouling is the leading cause of membrane permeability decrease when filtering mixed liquor suspension containing high suspended solid concentrations. A simple model is proposed to simulate the cake resistance evolution with time by considering a macro-scale fouling linked only to the accumulation of particles on the membrane surface. This accumulation appears as the difference between the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of nutrient-removing microbial communities in activated sludge from full-scale MBRs and conventional plants

    The composition of nutrient-removing microbial communities in five full-scale membrane bioreactors (MBRs) was investigated using fluorescence in situ hybridization and 16S rRNA pyrosequencing and compared to similar analyses of conventional activated sludge (CAS) communities. The communities were highly similar but some genera that are always present in enhanced biological phosphorus removal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy efficiency in membrane bioreactors

    Energy consumption remains the key factor for the optimisation of the performance of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). This paper presents the results of the detailed energy audits of six full-scale MBRs operated by Suez Environnement in France, Spain and the USA based on on-site energy measurement and analysis of plant operation parameters and treatment performance. Specific energy consumption is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The removal and degradation of pharmaceutical compounds during membrane bioreactor treatment

    Pharmaceutical compounds such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and antibiotics have been detected in sewage treatment plant (STP) effluents, surface and ground water and even in drinking water all over the world, and therefore have developed as compounds of concern. Membrane bioreactor (MBR) treatment has gained significant popularity as an advanced wastewater treatment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • SANASA Capivari II – the first full-scale municipal membrane bioreactor in Latin America

    The macro region of Campinas (Brazil) is rapidly evolving with new housing developments and industries, creating the challenge of finding new ways to treat wastewater to a quality that can be reused in order to overcome water scarcity problems. To address this challenge, SANASA (a publicly owned water and wastewater concessionaire from Campinas) has recently constructed the ‘EPAR (Water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ethinylestradiol removal in a conventional and a simultaneous nitrification–denitrification membrane bioreactor

    The removal of a synthetic estrogen 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2) was investigated in submerged membrane bioreactors (MBRs) with simultaneous nitrification–denitrification (SND) and conventional nitrification. The influent EE2 concentration was 500 ng/L as EE2. Using a yeast estrogen screen test, the conventional-MBR (C-MBR) and SND MBR (SND-MBR) removed 57 and 58% of the estrogenic activity (EA) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pretreatment Requirements for Membrane Bioreactors

    Adequate pretreatment including fine screening is essential to the stable, long-term operation of membrane bioreactors (MBR) used to treat municipal wastewater. The amount of screenings generated by a screen with 1-2 mm size openings ranges between 10-25 dry mg/L. The cost of fine screening represents less than 3% of the total investment cost for a MBR-based wastewater treatment facility. Case ...

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you