bioreactor operation Articles

  • Considerations for the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor

    This paper reviews recent advances in research focusing on the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor and including methodologies for determining the timing for hydraulic and sludge retention, sludge concentration optimisation, the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, membrane fouling control, and the analysis of processing economics.Keywords: membrane bioreactors, activated sludge, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of Novel Operational Strategies for Submerged Membrane Bioreactors

    MBR technology is still expensive to operate when compared to more traditional alternatives. The cost of the membrane and its operation is a significant variable in the overall capital and operational costs of an MBR. A novel dynamic scouring aeration control for membrane bioreactors is proposed in this contribution in order to minimize internal fouling of the membrane and increase the maximum ...

  • Commissioning and operating submerged membrane bioreactors: a designer's perspective

    Submerged Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) applications for wastewater treatment have taken off in recent years in New Zealand. From designer perspectives, the membrane modules replace the conventional secondary clarifier, thus eliminating solids settling issues and reducing plant footprint. This paper discusses the recent experiences of Harrison Grierson Consultants Limited designing and commissioning ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pretreatment Requirements for Membrane Bioreactors

    Adequate pretreatment including fine screening is essential to the stable, long-term operation of membrane bioreactors (MBR) used to treat municipal wastewater. The amount of screenings generated by a screen with 1-2 mm size openings ranges between 10-25 dry mg/L. The cost of fine screening represents less than 3% of the total investment cost for a MBR-based wastewater treatment facility. Case ...

  • Energy efficiency in membrane bioreactors

    Energy consumption remains the key factor for the optimisation of the performance of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). This paper presents the results of the detailed energy audits of six full-scale MBRs operated by Suez Environnement in France, Spain and the USA based on on-site energy measurement and analysis of plant operation parameters and treatment performance. Specific energy consumption is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactor Pilot

    The problem A company which produces a product that requires a constant supply of relatively clean water is planning to expand by adding new process units online.  The plant currently uses well water as a supply to its production.  The water production from the well is limited.  They need to install a system to produce reuse water to reduce the amount of water required ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Retirement Community

    The facility: Glen Meadows is a retirement community located next to Gunpowder Falls State Park in north-central Maryland’s open country.  The community has Independent Living, Assisted Living, and Skilled Nursing and Rehabilitation facilities. The problem: The facility has grown significantly over the years. At first, a septic system ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Sanitary Landfill

    The Problem The county of Warren NJ owns and operates a sanitary landfill in Oxford Twp, NJ. The facility generates an average of 50,000 gallons per day of leachate, with peaks to 100,000 gallons per day. The facility was discharging to a local POTW from their lagoon, but they were facing requirements for nitrogen removal from the POTW and needed a new system to provide ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Future Perspectives in Bioreactor Development

    The paper discusses conversion capacities of both anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment systems in relation to growth kinetics, hydrodynamics and biomass concentration. In the current modern anaerobic high-rate reactors the conversion potentials are optimally exploited. This is not yet true for aerobic systems since operation of aerobic systems under conditions of low biomass growth reduces ...


    By Paques B.V.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Automobile Manufacturer

    Dynatec provided a system to treat wastewater from Ford's automotive assembly plant. The Problem The existing batch chemical treatment system for oil and metals removal was unable to meet the new standards for discharge to local POTW. The new requirements called for lower BOD and total Nitrogen and there was no way to make the existing system able to meet the standards. ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for National Park

    The problem: Assateague Island is a barrier island that stretches from the Eastern shore of Maryland down Atlantic coast to Virginia. The island is a National Park, administered by the National Park Service, under the National Seashore division. Assateague Island is a vital resting and feeding area for birds and also is home to more than 300 wild ponies. The park receives about 1 ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • The cost of a small membrane bioreactor

    The individual cost contributions to the mechanical components of a small membrane bioreactor (MBR) (100–2,500 m3/d flow capacity) are itemised and collated to generate overall capital and operating costs (CAPEX and OPEX) as a function of size. The outcomes are compared to those from previously published detailed cost studies provided for both very small containerised plants (<40 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance Assessment of New Membrane Bioreactor Systems at Average and Peak Flow Operation

    To assess the operational performance and effluent water quality of five newly developed membrane bioreactor systems, MWH and City of San Diego conducted a 18-month pilot study at the Point Loma Wastewater Treatment (PLWWTP), San Diego, CA. Various configurations of MBR systems, i.e. hollow-fiber, flat-sheet and external tubular membranes, were tested during the study. Funded by the U.S. Bureau ...

  • Design and operating experiences of full-scale municipal membrane bioreactors in Japan

    In Japan, membrane bioreactor (MBRs) have been installed in 17 small-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in the past 8 years, together with two recently installed MBRs for larger-scale WWTPs. In this study, design and operating data were collected from 17 of them as part of a follow-up survey, and aspects including system design, biological treatment, membrane operation, problems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of the importance of various operating and sludge property parameters to the fouling of membrane bioreactors

    A single-fibre microfiltration system was employed to investigate the importance of various operating and sludge property parameters to the membrane fouling during sludge filtration. The sludge was obtained from a submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR). A series of comparative and correlative filtration and fouling tests were conducted on the influence of the operating variables, sludge properties ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flux-step method for the assessment of operational conditions in a submerged membrane bioreactor

    A flux-step method was used for monitoring the pressure variation in a solids separation membrane at different operating conditions. A submerged membrane bioreactor pilot plant, used during the short-term tests, was used to purify actual restaurant wastewater. The influence of membrane backwash and relaxation on the variation of pressure variation was also evaluated. In order to reduce the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modular operation of membrane bioreactors for higher hydraulic capacity utilisation

    Using data from 6 full-scale municipal membrane bioreactors (MBR) in Germany the hydraulic capacity utilisation and specific energy consumption were studied and their connexion shown. The average hydraulic capacity utilisation lies between 14% and 45%. These low values are justified by the necessity to deal with intense rain events and cater for future flow increases. However, this low hydraulic ...


    By IWA Publishing

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