bioreactor process Articles

  • Enhanced membrane bioreactor process without chemical cleaning

    In membrane bioreactors (MBR) for wastewater treatment, the separation of activated sludge and treated water takes place by membrane filtration. Due to the small footprint and superior effluent quality, the number of membrane bioreactors used in wastewater treatment is rapidly increasing. A major challenge in this process is the fouling of the membranes which results in permeability decrease and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactor Pilot

    The problem A company which produces a product that requires a constant supply of relatively clean water is planning to expand by adding new process units online.  The plant currently uses well water as a supply to its production.  The water production from the well is limited.  They need to install a system to produce reuse water to reduce the amount of water required ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Effect of Process Configurations and Alum Addition on EBPR in Membrane Bioreactors

    ABSTRACTBench-scale studies were undertaken to explore the relative efficiency of three different process configurations for enhanced biological phosphorus (EBPR) removal; the University of Cape Town (UCT) process, the Sammamish Biological Nutrient Removal (SmBNR) process, and the University of Washington Membrane Biological Nutrient Removal (UW-MBNR) process. In this study, they all had the same ...

  • Low dissolved oxygen membrane bioreactor processes (LDO–MBRs): a review

    Aeration energy demands for bioprocesses and membrane scouring in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) account for 50% to over 70% of the total operational energy consumption. Energy saving achieved by operating MBRs under low dissolved oxygen (DO) would be an interesting approach to bring MBRs to higher levels of efficiency. This review paper is first carried out to provide a systematic investigation on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of Operating Conditions on Fouling Behavior in Wastewater Membrane Bioreactor Process

    ABSTRACTMembrane fouling was studied using three pilot-scale submerged membrane bioreactors operated at a series of permeation and aeration conditions to treat municipal wastewater. The transmembrane pressure increases were used to calculate the fouling ratios to compare the relative fouling rates. The results showed that the trends of fouling resistances differed greatly, depending on the ...

  • Treatment of tannery wastewater for reuse by physico-chemical processes and a membrane bioreactor

    Treatment of wastewater from a tannery in Greater Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) was investigated on a pilot scale. After pre-treatment by the tannery that included batch-coagulation and sedimentation, the wastewater was treated by dissolved air flotation, a membrane bioreactor (MBR) and granular activated carbon (GAC) for polishing the MBR effluent. The average removal efficiency for organic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cycle-time determination and process control of sequencing batch membrane bioreactors

    In this paper a method to determine the cycle time for sequencing batch membrane bioreactors (SBMBRs) is introduced. One of the advantages of SBMBRs is the simplicity of adapting them to varying wastewater composition. The benefit of this flexibility can only be fully utilised if the cycle times are optimised for the specific inlet load conditions. This requires either proactive and ongoing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of Biomass Selection Between a Novel Membrane Bioreactor and Activated Sludge Process

    ABSTRACTThis study examined the performance of a novel type of submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) system which utilizes polyethylene membrane of bigger pore size (mean around 18- 28μm) than normal MBRs. The system utilizes plate and frame structure with gravitational effluent flow. Two such bench scale MBR systems (0.084m3 of mixed liquor volume each) with membrane thickness of 0.48cm and ...

  • Full-scale experience with the membrane bioreactor-reverse osmosis water reclamation process

    The Gippsland Water Factory (GWF), owned and operated by Gippsland Water in south eastern Australia, is a 35,000 m3/day water reclamation facility which treats 16,000 m3/day of domestic wastewater and 19,000 m3/day of industrial (pulp and paper) wastewater through parallel membrane-bioreactor (MBR)-based treatment trains prior to discharge to the Pacific Ocean via the Regional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mass conversion in bioreactors - Process analytics controls biotechnological reactions – Case Study

    Bioreactors Bioreactors are technical vessels of different design in which biological and chemical substances are converted or produced under controlled conditions. In bioreactors the knowledge about metabolic processes is applied to produce different substances, to generate energy and to degrade or transform pollutants. Bioreactors, also called fermenters, are not ...

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Sanitary Landfill

    The Problem The county of Warren NJ owns and operates a sanitary landfill in Oxford Twp, NJ. The facility generates an average of 50,000 gallons per day of leachate, with peaks to 100,000 gallons per day. The facility was discharging to a local POTW from their lagoon, but they were facing requirements for nitrogen removal from the POTW and needed a new system to provide ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactors for RO Pretreatment

    ABSTRACTCurrently, treated municipal wastewater is typically discharged to the environment in most parts of the world. It is, however, a potential water resource from which high quality water for reuse can be produced. Reuse applications include both non-potable applications such as irrigation and production of industrial process water, and indirect potable reuse including aquifer recharge. For ...

  • Comparison of behaviour and fate of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in membrane bioreactors and conventional activated sludge process

    Research was completed on the behaviour and fate of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in pilot-scale membrane bioreactors and conventional activated sludge (CAS) process at the City of Guelph Wastewater Treatment Plant. Emphasis was on the physicochemical processes, biological transformation and sorption kinetics. Measurement of TBBPA at the environmental level can be challenging, so the main focus ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Membrane Bioreactor for National Park

    The problem: Assateague Island is a barrier island that stretches from the Eastern shore of Maryland down Atlantic coast to Virginia. The island is a National Park, administered by the National Park Service, under the National Seashore division. Assateague Island is a vital resting and feeding area for birds and also is home to more than 300 wild ponies. The park receives about 1 ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Pretreatment Requirements for Membrane Bioreactors

    Adequate pretreatment including fine screening is essential to the stable, long-term operation of membrane bioreactors (MBR) used to treat municipal wastewater. The amount of screenings generated by a screen with 1-2 mm size openings ranges between 10-25 dry mg/L. The cost of fine screening represents less than 3% of the total investment cost for a MBR-based wastewater treatment facility. Case ...

  • Pilot trial study of a compact macro-filtration membrane bioreactor process for saline wastewater treatment

    Conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR) systems have increasingly been studied in recent decades. However, their applications have been limited due to their drawbacks such as low flux, membrane fouling, and high operating cost. In this study, a compact macro-filtration MBR (MfMBR) process was developed by using a large pore size membrane to mitigate the membrane fouling problem. A pilot trial of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Photosynthetic bacteria production from food processing wastewater in sequencing batch and membrane photo-bioreactors

    Application of photosynthetic process could be highly efficient and surpass anaerobic treatment in releasing less greenhouse gas and odor while the biomass produced can be utilized. The combination of photosynthetic process with membrane separation is possibly effective for water reclamation and biomass production. In this study, cultivation of mixed culture photosynthetic bacteria from food ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Airlift bioreactors: Application to wastewater treatment

    After an introductory review, this paper presents a three-phase reactor fluid dynamic model that is used in the development of a generic process for upgrading existing wastewater treatment plants (WWT). The aim is to incorporate nitrification and de-nitrification without additional reactor volume. The core of the process consists of an attached growth airlift reactor (AGAR) in which a biomass ...

  • Considerations for the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor

    This paper reviews recent advances in research focusing on the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor and including methodologies for determining the timing for hydraulic and sludge retention, sludge concentration optimisation, the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, membrane fouling control, and the analysis of processing economics.Keywords: membrane bioreactors, activated sludge, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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