bioreactor sludge Articles

  • Biodegradation of Bisphenol-A in aerobic membrane bioreactor sludge

    Bisphenol-A (BPA) biodegradation was studied in a membrane bioreactor under aerobic conditions. The effects of the initial BPA concentration and initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration on BPA biodegradation were investigated. The degradation process followed a first-order kinetic (more than 98% of BPA was removed) with a kinetic rate constant of 1.134 h−1 using an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling organic nitrogen conversions in activated sludge bioreactors

    For biological nutrient removal (BNR) systems designed to maximize nitrogen removal, the effluent total nitrogen (TN) concentration may range from 2.0 to 4.0 g N/m3 with about 25–50% in the form of organic nitrogen (ON). In this study, current approaches to modeling organic N conversions (separate processes vs. constant contents of organic fractions) were compared. A new conceptual model of ON ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enrichment and application of nitrifying activated sludge in membrane bioreactors

    In this study, nitrifying bacteria were enriched in a membrane bioreactor (MBR, R1) and their bioaugmentation effectiveness was evaluated in another two MBRs (R2 and R3). Nitrifying activated sludge (NAS) with high nitrification activity of up to 3,000 mg-N/(L·d)−1 was successfully enriched in R1. The results showed that chemical oxygen demand concentration of 100–200 mg/L had no negative ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of sludge retention time on sludge characteristics and microbial community in MBR

    In this study, the impact of sludge retention time (SRT) on sludge characteristics and microbial community and the effect on membrane fouling in membrane bioreactor (MBR) was investigated. The results show that MBR with longer SRT has less fouling propensity, in agreement with other studies, despite the fact that the MBR with longer SRT contained higher MLSS and smaller particle size. However, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Considerations for the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor

    This paper reviews recent advances in research focusing on the design and operation of a membrane bioreactor and including methodologies for determining the timing for hydraulic and sludge retention, sludge concentration optimisation, the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, membrane fouling control, and the analysis of processing economics.Keywords: membrane bioreactors, activated sludge, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Membrane Bioreactor for Sanitary Landfill

    The Problem The county of Warren NJ owns and operates a sanitary landfill in Oxford Twp, NJ. The facility generates an average of 50,000 gallons per day of leachate, with peaks to 100,000 gallons per day. The facility was discharging to a local POTW from their lagoon, but they were facing requirements for nitrogen removal from the POTW and needed a new system to provide ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Effect of sludge retention time on characteristics of dynamic membrane in sequencing bioreactors

    The characteristics of self-forming dynamic membrane (DM) in sequencing bioreactors under different sludge retention times (SRT) (SRT = 5, 10, 20, 40, 60 days) were studied using a scanning electron microscope, particle sizing distribution and others. The results indicated that the SRT has an evident effect on the characteristics of DM. The content of extracellular polymeric substances and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pretreatment Requirements for Membrane Bioreactors

    Adequate pretreatment including fine screening is essential to the stable, long-term operation of membrane bioreactors (MBR) used to treat municipal wastewater. The amount of screenings generated by a screen with 1-2 mm size openings ranges between 10-25 dry mg/L. The cost of fine screening represents less than 3% of the total investment cost for a MBR-based wastewater treatment facility. Case ...

  • Membrane Bioreactor for National Park

    The problem: Assateague Island is a barrier island that stretches from the Eastern shore of Maryland down Atlantic coast to Virginia. The island is a National Park, administered by the National Park Service, under the National Seashore division. Assateague Island is a vital resting and feeding area for birds and also is home to more than 300 wild ponies. The park receives about 1 ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Membrane Bioreactor Pilot

    The problem A company which produces a product that requires a constant supply of relatively clean water is planning to expand by adding new process units online.  The plant currently uses well water as a supply to its production.  The water production from the well is limited.  They need to install a system to produce reuse water to reduce the amount of water required ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Particle counting as a tool to predict filterability in membrane bioreactors activated sludge?

    Activated sludge quality is one of the major factors influencing flux decline in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). Sludge filterability is a recognized parameter to characterize the physical properties of activated sludge. Decrease in filterability is linked to a higher number of submicron particles. In our present research we studied whether particle counting techniques can be used to indicate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradation and toxicity of melamine at high activated sludge concentrations in a membrane bioreactor

    Melamine is recalcitrant and toxic to bacteria in conventional activated sludge systems. In this study, we investigated the degradation and toxicity of melamine in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) system operated at high activated sludge concentrations (∼8.5 g TSS/L). Melamine was dosed at 3 mg/L for about 100 days. The average melamine removal efficiency in the MBR system was 20 ± 11%. Meanwhile, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low-temperature limitation of bioreactor sludge in anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater

    Two strategies exist for seeding low-temperature anaerobic reactors: the use of specialist psychrophilic biomass or mesophilic bioreactor sludge acclimated to low temperature. We sought to determine the low-temperature limitation of anaerobic sludge from a bioreactor acclimated to UK temperatures (<15 °C). Anaerobic incubation tests using low-strength real domestic wastewater (DWW) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of extracellular biopolymer and its impact on bioflocculation in activated sludge bioreactors

    The influence and dynamics of bacterial extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) polymer production and its impact on bioflocculation in activated sludge (AS) bench-scale reactors were investigated. The impact of food to microorganism ratio (F/M), reactor configuration and easily biodegradable carbohydrates in influent streams on biological processes that support or weaken good floc formation and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of triclosan on protozoa in wastewater treating bioreactors

    The effect of antimicrobial chemical, triclosan (TCS) on protozoa present in aerobic and anaerobic bioreactors for wastewater treatment is reported in this study. Bioreactor sludge ciliated protozoa such as Spirostomum, Cyclidium and Colpoda and flagellated protozoa Mastigella were exposed to TCS at 1 mg/L level in batch cultures. The response of TCS on protozoa ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rheological behaviors of anaerobic granular sludge in a spiral symmetry stream anaerobic bioreactor

    The rheological behaviors of the anaerobic granular sludge (AGS) in a spiral symmetry stream anaerobic bioreactor (SSSAB) were investigated. Shear-thinning behavior, thixotropic behavior, concentration–viscosity behavior and temperature–viscosity behavior were evaluated based on the constitutive equation of the AGS. The results indicated that the Herschel–Bulkley model was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparative applications of bioreactor and shake-flask systems in the laboratory treatment of oily sludge

    This study investigates the remediation efficiencies of a locally fabricated bioreactor system and a shake-flask system, using samples of oily sludge with varying concentrations of NPK fertiliser. Hydrocarbon removal efficiency of 46% and 24.2% was recorded for the stirred slurries containing 15- and 0-g NPK, respectively, in the bioreactor; whereas values of 40.1%, 33.2% and 18.9%, respectively, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Application of a membrane bioreactor for winery wastewater treatment

    Winery wastewaters are variable in nature and are hard to treat by means of the conventional activated sludge process because of the high organic loading associated with their production, especially during vintage. To face this situation, recently, membrane bioreactors have been widely applied to treat winery wastewaters. In this study, a full-scale membrane bioreactor treated some 110 m3/d of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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