biosafety Articles

  • Creating a global biosafety regime

    This article examines one of the first international efforts to formulate legally binding rules for "biosafety" or safe use of biotechnology - the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety under the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Cartagena Protocol, concluded in January 2000, mandates the "informed consent" of a country prior to the release of genetically modified organisms ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The current status of the debate on socio-economic regulatory assessments: positions and policies in Canada, the USA, the EU and developing countries

    Article 26.1 of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety has the option of considering socio-economic issues in biosafety regulatory approval processes related to genetically engineered organisms. National laws and regulations in some countries have already defined positions and may have enacted policies dealing with socio-economic assessments. Many more countries, especially developing countries, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Implementation and enforcement of biosafety regulations in China: the case of agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms (agro-GMOs)

    China is one of the leading developing countries in biotechnology research and development. As a mega-biodiverse country, governance on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) is of significance to national sustainable development. This paper reviews the biosafety regulations on agricultural GMOs (agro-GMOs) governance in China and analyses the implementation and enforcement of biosafety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Learning about biosafety in Mexico: between competitiveness and conservation

    This article briefly describes the current state of agricultural biotechnology in Mexico, and discusses the country's main food and agricultural policies implemented in the last decade. Mexico's position in the international biosafety panorama is very complex: it is the only member of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) that ratified the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and must ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Negotiating liability under biosafety protocol

    The issue of redress and liability under the biosafety protocol remained one of the contentious and unresolved issues from the onset of the negotiations. During the negotiations, this issue gave rise to considerable debate and disagreement between negotiating countries. This paper aims to analyse the debate in the context of the ongoing work of the Open-Ended Ad Hoc group of legal and technical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Latin American biosafety regulatory framework

    Biotechnology is viewed as a second biological revolution at the turn of the century leading to research applications in various spheres of human activity ranging from farming and health to environmental protection to mining. All these have economic implications. Developing countries, such as the Latin American countries, have problems translating research results into applications leading to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biosafety and international trade: conflict or convergence?

    One of the most important technological developments in the 1990s has been the emergence of biotechnology. Both the draft Protocol on Biosafety under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) could cover trade in biotechnology products. However, each agreement treats the nascent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biosafety issues and opportunities for transgenic plants in Indian agriculture

    The application of genetically modified plants in agriculture is anticipated to be a major event in evolving more productive and sustainable agriculture in the coming years. The concerns are the risks and the magnitude of the consequences to the environment. From the early 1990s, countries have imparted deregulated status to certain transgenic plants and products thereof, after ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The precautionary principle: torn between biodiversity, environment-related food safety and the WTO

    At the WTO, the precautionary principle/approach is considered as a protectionary mechanism, i.e. and alleged justification for potentially WTO-illegal trade restrictions. This article presents a survey of some pronouncements of the WTO's Dispute Settlement Body including two case studies at opposite ends of the spectrum with regard to the operationalisation of the PP. The Cartagena Protocol on ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology: legal and other issues in a Thailand experience

    Recognising the potential of biotechnology to affect a broad spectrum of industry, Thailand established the National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC) in 1983. The main mandate of BIOTEC is to promote and support research and development with careful planning and prioritisation. The ultimate goal is to fulfil its potential to commercialise the end-products or research ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can overcrowding a BSC work area lead to a loss of containment?

    Abstract Work conducted in Biosafety Cabinets (BSCs) is a common sight in many laboratories worldwide, but some misconceptions about their capabilities sometimes arise. A BSC used for storage of materials or the air grilles or grates blocked is often observed, but no conclusive evidence has shown whether this will affect the BSCs performance. Here we explored and tested the effect ...


    By The Baker Company

  • Costs and enforcement of biosafety regulations in India and China

    This paper examines the cost of compliance and the enforcement of biosafety regulations in China. Costs were higher in India, and enforcement of regulations was more effective in China. Lower costs in China may be because national companies, government research institutes and foreign firms were all pressing for less costly regulation, while in India there was less pressure by these groups to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New Animal Transfer Station Offers Improved Containment and Allergen Control

    When using animals in research, protecting the animal from both the lab environment and cage-to-cage cross-contamination are a researcher’s highest priorities. Today, increased awareness of the potential health hazards presented to laboratory workers by animal allergens has led to an increase in the importance of personnel protection as well. Typically when personnel, product, and ...


    By The Baker Company

  • LED Light Measurement System

    LED Optical Measurement System includes LED Goniophotometer, Lighting electrical Measurement System, LED LightBar Measurement System, LED Photochromic Tester, Light Intensity Tester, Optical Biosafety Assessment Equipment and etc. At the same time, according to specific requirements, RayClouds provides complete system solutions, including integration, design and so on. If you are looking for ...

  • Total Exhaust Biosafety Cabinet Upgrade at Research Facility Provides Significant Energy Savings

    When Harvard’s Biology Research Infrastructure (BRI) facility opened in 2006, they required four biological safety cabinets to provide primary containment during animal procedures. In the selection process, workspace containment and isolation requirements, operation modes for non-use periods and maintenance, building integration, and the energy burden to the building system were all ...


    By The Baker Company

  • Material control and accountability for laboratory biosecurity

    Laboratory biosecurity refers to a suite of measures to protect legitimate stocks of dangerous pathogens and toxins from being acquired by individuals with malicious intent. Intentional misuse presents a different problem than accidental misuse, which is the subject of laboratory biosafety. In particular, the material control and accountability (MC&A) component of laboratory biosecurity addresses ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multiple users in a Biosafety Cabinet compromise containment

    Abstract Biosafety Cabinets (BSCs) are primary containment devices used to help reduce the risk of contamination to the work, the worker, and the surrounding environment. These devices have rigorous testing and certification to ensure their functional capabilities of contaminant reduction according to NSF International Standard 49 but these BSCs are always tested empty without users present ...


    By The Baker Company

  • Biotechnology in the global economy

    Agricultural biotechnology is the subject of extensive public debates in many countries. This article summarises the results of the International Conference on Biotechnology in the Global Economy held in September 1999 at Harvard University. The article shows that many of the debates are a result of a governance challenge involving the need to bring social institutions in line with advances in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Increasing Cell Adherence with a Hypoxia Workstation

    Abstract A major criticism of all-in-one workstations (sometimes known as incubated workstations or incubated glove boxes) over using traditional incubators and biosafety cabinets for cell culture is that the exposure to excessive vibration will affect cell growth and adhesion. Here we tested the cells’ capabilities to attach in a Baker Ruskinn SCI-tive hypoxia workstation as compared ...


    By The Baker Company

  • A developmental risk society? The politics of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in China

    Over the past years, China has grown to become one of the largest growers of genetically modified crops in the world. At the same time, international and domestic biotechnological corporations are attempting to conquer the domestic seed market. Some Western observers fear that the pressure of food security and increased international competition, coupled with a lack of civil society, might lead ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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