biosensor-based measurement Articles

  • Glucose biosensor based on platinum nanowires: a clinical study

    We describe the process of modification of the platinum (Pt) nanowire surface and subsequent immobilisation of enzyme glucose oxidase (GOx) on Pt nanowires (PtNWs) for direct glucose measurement. A cyclic voltammetry technique was used to measure electrochemical oxidation between GOx and glucose. PtNW arrays were first fabricated and then functionalised with cysteamine, which in turn acted as a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ship-mounted Direct and Diffuse Hyperspectral Radiometers successfully measure Solar Irradiances and Aerosol Optical Depth

    Marine AOD measurements matter because aerosols can affect respiratory health, climate change, and the safety of aircraft during volcanic events. However, routine marine Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) surface-based observations are in short supply because it is both difficult and expensive to operate conventional automatic sun photometers at sea. Two prototype hyperspectral radiometers have shown ...


    By Delta-T Devices Ltd.

  • Building Energy Modeling 101: HVAC Design and Operation Use Case

    A great deal of energy use in buildings goes toward heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC). In 2015, HVAC consumed 15.5 quads. The first step in reducing HVAC energy use is reducing heating and cooling load—i.e., the amount of heat that needs to be added to or removed from a building—typically by reducing heat from equipment and lighting; minimizing unnecessary ...


    By US Department of Energy

  • Monitoring Gas Emissions from Volcanoes to Predict Volcanic Activity

    To understand and predict the behaviour of volcanoes an increasing number of scientists are combining geological monitoring and geochemical models. By measuring and monitoring the prevalence of gases like CO2, scientists hope to be able to better predict the likelihood of volcanic eruptions. In 2010 Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted, releasing 250 million ...


    By Edinburgh Instruments Ltd

  • TOC analyzer for airports

    During winter, de-icing processes at airports necessitate storm water and de-icing water management. Especially due to adhesive (sticky) substances, strongly fluctuating concentrations and a lot of chemicals, the monitoring systems itself must be tailor-made to fight this water analysis challenge. LAR 's ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • Measuring the Effectiveness of Watershed-Based General Stormwater Permitting

    ABSTRACTThe U.S. EPA and most water resources professionals advocate holistic and adaptive watershed management approaches to the protection and restoration of aquatic ecosystems by encouraging pollution control strategies that are developed through collaborative partnerships within a hydrologic boundary. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the holistic adaptive management approach through ...

  • Managing, measuring and reporting knowledge-based resources in hospitals

    The paper firstly analyses the importance of knowledge-based resources for the achievement of a competitive advantage for the firm. Additionally, the paper also addresses the strategic significance of this type of intangible resources in hospitals. Secondly, the paper argues that "what is measured is managed" and, therefore, proposes specific indicators to measure the different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of the Gaussian puff model based on measurements

    Concentrations calculated with the Gaussian puff model have been compared with measurements obtained from the dispersion experiments conducted at Lillestrom, Copenhagen, and Kincaid. The following dispersion parameters were used in the Gaussian puff model: Pasquill-Gifford, Briggs, Brookhaven and OML. Comparisons of the calculated and measured values of the concentrations have been carried out ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biosensor with total internal reflection imaging ellipsometry

    In order to monitor multiple protein reaction processes simultaneously, a biosensor based on imaging ellipsometry operated in the total internal reflection mode is proposed. It could be realised as an automatic analysis for protein interaction processes with real-time label-free method. Its principle and methodology as well as a demonstration for its applications are presented.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Software-based Neutron Flux Measurement Channel (NFMC)

    For research nuclear reactors such as the TRIGA type, the design of Neutron Flux Measurement Channels (NFMC) has been based, mainly, on discrete digital electronic technology. The work presented here consists of the development of a new version of an NFMC whose aim is to measure the reactor power through six decades using the correlated signal of a wide range fission chamber. The correlation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Covalently-bound organic monolayers for biosensor applications

    In this paper, we present a detailed investigation on monolayer formation with thicknesses amounting 1 nm to 3 nm on silicon and silicon nitride surfaces. Thermal and photochemical methods are successfully used to form such stable and densely backed monolayers. Further, functionalisation of these surfaces with activated esters, amine groups are also presented. Static water contact angle ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Railroad Ballast Density Measurement

    Because existing methods were unsuitable for measuring the in-situ density of railroad ballast, studies were conducted to develop a new technique. A laboratory investigation was made of the various factors affecting the measurement of density in railroad ballast, which typically is composed of open-graded and coarse-grained aggregates. An approach employing water replacement in a lined hole was ...


    By ASTM International

  • A measurement vision for the future

    Professor John Pethica is the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) chief scientific adviser. He took up the role at the tail end of 2007 and here lays out his vision for the future of the UK’s National Measurement Institute. For thirty years I have worked across both public and private sectors, using cutting-edge science to establish new businesses and advise on public policy. This has taken me ...

  • Measuring Offshore Wind Resources

    To select the right offshore wind site, estimate the future energy output of a wind farm, and determine the best layout for the turbines, project developers must conduct wind resource assessment (WRA) campaigns on site. This is a critical phase of the successful development of wind farms. WRA campaigns on terrestrial sites have traditionally been performed using meteorological towers equipped ...


    By Renewable NRG Systems

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Measuring Road Traffic Noise

    As part of an overall measurement programme to monitor road traffic noise in Århus (Denmarks second largest city), the Local Authority set up a noise measurement station on one of the major approach roads to Århus Harbour. This noise measurement station continually measures noise levels and can give a round-the-clock picture of noise level variations. Like most other districts, Århus Local ...

  • Cycle chemistry pH measurement

    pH measurement in high purity water has met with variable success. The high resistivity of pure water, the vulnerability to contamination, the variability of reference electrodes and additional temperature effects converge to make tins a particularly challenging measurement. Overcoming these obstacles requires a thorough understanding of the potential problems and their systematic solution. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Measuring corporate environmental footprint

    Nuno DaSilva, Managing Director of PE Americas, reveals the best methodologies for measuring an organization’s environmental impact. Frequently I get asked for guidance on the best methods for measuring an organization's environmental footprint. Questions tend to be about 'should measurement be based strictly on collecting emissions and energy use data from operational and facility sites?' How ...


    By thinkstep

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