biosensor-based measurement system Articles

  • Performance-Based Measurement Systems

    Many of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not ...


    By WSP | Parsons Brinckerhoff

  • Building Energy Modeling 101: HVAC Design and Operation Use Case

    A great deal of energy use in buildings goes toward heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC). In 2015, HVAC consumed 15.5 quads. The first step in reducing HVAC energy use is reducing heating and cooling load—i.e., the amount of heat that needs to be added to or removed from a building—typically by reducing heat from equipment and lighting; minimizing unnecessary ...


    By US Department of Energy

  • TOC analyzer for airports

    During winter, de-icing processes at airports necessitate storm water and de-icing water management. Especially due to adhesive (sticky) substances, strongly fluctuating concentrations and a lot of chemicals, the monitoring systems itself must be tailor-made to fight this water analysis challenge. LAR 's ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • Fire Codes: A Foundation of Safety for a Rapidly Changing World

    Chief among these safety features is fire protection. There are myriad codes and regulations relating to fire safety in commercial buildings, from standards on portable fire extinguishers to the installation of stationary pumps for fire protection — the U.S.- based National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) alone has more than 300 consensus codes that have been adopted in whole or in part ...

  • Measuring the Effectiveness of Watershed-Based General Stormwater Permitting

    ABSTRACTThe U.S. EPA and most water resources professionals advocate holistic and adaptive watershed management approaches to the protection and restoration of aquatic ecosystems by encouraging pollution control strategies that are developed through collaborative partnerships within a hydrologic boundary. This paper evaluates the effectiveness of the holistic adaptive management approach through ...

  • Biosensor with total internal reflection imaging ellipsometry

    In order to monitor multiple protein reaction processes simultaneously, a biosensor based on imaging ellipsometry operated in the total internal reflection mode is proposed. It could be realised as an automatic analysis for protein interaction processes with real-time label-free method. Its principle and methodology as well as a demonstration for its applications are presented.Keywords: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Software-based Neutron Flux Measurement Channel (NFMC)

    For research nuclear reactors such as the TRIGA type, the design of Neutron Flux Measurement Channels (NFMC) has been based, mainly, on discrete digital electronic technology. The work presented here consists of the development of a new version of an NFMC whose aim is to measure the reactor power through six decades using the correlated signal of a wide range fission chamber. The correlation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A measurement vision for the future

    Professor John Pethica is the National Physical Laboratory's (NPL) chief scientific adviser. He took up the role at the tail end of 2007 and here lays out his vision for the future of the UK’s National Measurement Institute. For thirty years I have worked across both public and private sectors, using cutting-edge science to establish new businesses and advise on public policy. This has taken me ...

  • Measuring Offshore Wind Resources

    To select the right offshore wind site, estimate the future energy output of a wind farm, and determine the best layout for the turbines, project developers must conduct wind resource assessment (WRA) campaigns on site. This is a critical phase of the successful development of wind farms. WRA campaigns on terrestrial sites have traditionally been performed using meteorological towers equipped ...


    By Renewable NRG Systems

  • Bed Level Measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Flow measurements in sewers based on image analysis: automatic flow velocity algorithm

    Discharges of combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and stormwater are recognized as an important source of environmental contamination. However, the harsh sewer environment and particular hydraulic conditions during rain events reduce the reliability of traditional flow measurement probes. An in situ system for sewer water flow monitoring based on video images was evaluated. Algorithms to determine ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cycle chemistry pH measurement

    pH measurement in high purity water has met with variable success. The high resistivity of pure water, the vulnerability to contamination, the variability of reference electrodes and additional temperature effects converge to make tins a particularly challenging measurement. Overcoming these obstacles requires a thorough understanding of the potential problems and their systematic solution. ...


    By SnowPure Water Technologies

  • Measuring diversion, recycling progress

    ONE OF the first sessions at the 23rd Annual BioCycle West Coast Conference next month in San Diego is titled “Documenting Waste Diversion.” When the State of California adopted its AB 939 recycling law in 1989, it established a 50 percent waste diversion goal by 2000. Jurisdictions failing to meet that goal would be subject to fines. A number of other states adopted diversion or recycling goals ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Schedule performance measurement based on statistical process control charts

    In a job–shop environment, achieving a schedule that is on target is difficult due to the dynamism of factors affecting the system. In this paper the Shewart's Individuals control chart is applied to a scheduling process for the purpose of measuring schedule performance. The charts are applied to monitor the deviations of actual from scheduled process times for jobs on a process machine. Data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Online flow measurement

    Background The undershoot weir in Hohensaaten was built in 1913. It has three openings and regulates the discharge from the Oderbruch and from the Finow canal into the Hohensaaten-Friedrichsthaler-waterway. Moreover, it protects parts of the Oderbruch against Oder floods. The weir controls the waterlevels in the Havel-Oder-waterway and in the reach of Niederfinow- Hohensaaten. ...

  • New methods for measuring the wind

    Although computer models of wind flow over terrain have improved dramatically in the past few years, there is still no substitute for data recorded at the site. So you want to build a wind farm. Good for you. With the global drive towards a low carbon economy, it is surely the right way to go for many individuals, companies and, indeed, Governments around the world. As information from the ...


  • Measuring the performance of Chinese regional innovation systems with two-stage DEA-based model

    The regional innovation system (RIS) plays a key role in the growth of a nation's competence. This paper develops a tool to measure the innovative performance of Chinese RIS in the period of 2001-2005. The technique of data envelopment analysis (DEA) is employed to determine a multifactor innovative performance system that inherently recognises the trade-off among various factors. This study ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring Strains in Buried Flexible Pipes

    A field measurement system is described for determining strains in buried flexible pipes. The microprocessor-based system obtains data that is subsequently analyzed on minicomputers or mainframe machines. The field system is also capable of analyzing the data using its own microprocessor provided that a graphics terminal is available. Numerical algorithms for analyzing the data are developed, and ...


    By ASTM International

  • A monitoring system to control effects and effectiveness of traffic measures in urban areas

    Within a project on environmental traffic management in Braunschweig, Germany, (“UVM Umweltorientiertes Verkehrsmanagement Braunschweig”) a monitoring system has been installed as part of an environmental traffic management system (ETMS). This paper describes the layout, the application and the validation of the monitoring system. The effectiveness of implemented ...


    By IVU Umwelt GmbH

  • Development of a novel odor measurement system using gas chromatography

    This paper describes a novel odor measurement system for creating arrays of virtual chemical sensors with nonoverlapping responses using ultrahigh-speed gas chromatography with a surface acoustic wave sensor (GC/SAW). This GC/SAW system provides high-resolution twodimensional olfactory images for easy recognition of many complex odors. Separation and quantification of the individual chemicals ...

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