biosolids Articles

  • Biosolids- Considering the Types, Applications and Biosolids Drying Methods

    While some water treatment plants are meant to simply make the sludge safe enough to dispose of, most facilities continue to treat the sludge so that the material can be put to good use in their communities. Once sludge is treated and processed to meet EPA safety standards for productive use, the resulting nutrient-rich organic material is termed as biosolids. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovation Key To Biosolids Digestion

    A $400 million project at the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant (AWTP) in Washington, D.C., involves building an innovative biosolids management system comprised of a thermal hydrolysis process, four 3.8-million gallon mesophilic digesters (measuring 70-ft tall by 100-ft in diameter) with fixed covers, a cogeneration system consisting of three 4.6-MW Solar Mercu ry 50 gas turbines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Texas composter grows with biosolids

    New Earth Compost and Soils — with facilities in San Antonio and Conroe, Texas — was born 15 years ago out of a local meat packing plant’s long-standing need to dispose of manure from its operation (see “Composting Integrated Into Family Business,” October 2009). It soon became evident that scores of other businesses in and around the San Antonio area, where the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Pyrobustor for the thermal treatment of biosolids

    ARA Pustertal AG operates the Tobler wastewater treatment plant in South Tyrol, Italy. The Tobler ARA facility is the fi rst and only water treatment plant in Central Europe that is housed in an underground cavern. The impressive cavern plant, whose tunnels are twice as large as that of a highway tunnel, began operation in July, 1996. The inclusion of a sludge drying plant and a thermal sludge ...


    By Eisenmann

  • A Sustainable Use for Dried Biosolids

    Lehigh Cement Company has conducted preliminary and in depth testing of Class A dried biosolids (DBS) as a fuel replacement in our cement kiln at Union Bridge, Maryland. Lehigh’s parent company, Heidelberg Cement, has been using DBS in European cement kilns for several years. These programs have proved the safety and environmental soundness of this concept. Lehigh’s ongoing development of these ...

  • Biosolids ban struck down

    In 1994, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts (LACSD) bought a 4,700-acre farm (called Green Acres Farm) in southwest Kern County for the purpose of land applying biosolids from its 11 wastewater treatment plants. LACSD land applied 800 wet tons/day at this site for several years. In 2006, Kern County voters passed Measure E on the ballot with 83 percent approval. This measure banned ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Ultrasonic pre-treatment of biosolid

    Low-frequency and high-intensity ultrasonic treatment of biosolid is a good method for biosolid disintegration. So, as a pre-treatment method of anaerobic digestion, it may replace the hydrolysis. Thus, we studied the effect of ultrasonic disintegration of biosolid at different ultrasonic power densities. Results showed that the Soluble Chemical Oxygen Demand (SCOD), Total Nitrogen (TN), Total ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • National Biosolids Overview

    In all, the 1990s have been good for the biosolids recycling community. Greater quantities of biosolids are being beneficially used than ever before, there are national biosolids regulations that are widely accepted as a good baseline, and there is an extensive, accessible network of researchers, practitioners, advisers and public officials who when combined, provide thousands of years worth of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Emerging Technologies for Wastewater Biosolids Management

    This guide will help municipal wastewater treatment system owners and operators find information on emerging biosolids management technologies. Featured technologies can be used to reduce the volume of residuals to be managed, produce stabilized biosolids that can be used to help improve soil fertility and tilth, or promote the recovery of energy from biosolids. Technical and cost data for more ...

  • Economic value of biosolids in a semiarid agroecosystem

    Over half of the municipal biosolids generated in the United States are being applied to agricultural land. More information is needed on crop response to biosolids application and on the optimal level of the application from an economic prospective. With this in mind, data from two sites used in a long-term biosolids application study of an Eastern Colorado wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)–fallow ...

  • MSW and Biosolids Become Feedstocks for Ethanol

    The first commercial facility designed to recover recyclables from municipal solid waste, and utilize the residuals with biosolids as feedstock for ethanol production, is moving forward in Middletown, New York. The Orange Recycling and Ethanol Production Facility, to be built on a 22-acre site adjacent to the Middletown Wastewater Treatment Plant, has capacity to process approximately 230,000 ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biosolids Composter Satisfies Customers and Neighbors

    A ticket to Penn State football games isn’t the only hard thing to come by in State College, Pennsylvania. So is the biosolids compost produced by State College’s University Area Joint Authority (UAJA) wastewater treatment plant. “For the last four years, we’ve been sold out before we’ve made the compost,” says Stephen Welch, who manages the UAJA composting plant. All biosolids generated — about ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • An Advanced Biosolids Treatment Process and Potential Beneficial Applications of the Processed Biosolids

    ABSTRACTAn innovative and cost-effective biosolids treatment and processing technology was developed and demonstrated at a pilot and full-scale at the Guelph Wastewater Treatment Plant in Ontario. The Lystek process involves a low but optimized application of heat, alkali, and mixing in a batch or semi-continuous system to achieve the desired physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics ...

  • The longer-term phytoavailability of biosolids-phosphorus

    Phosphorus based nutrient management could limit biosolids application to rates based on crop fertilizer P recommendations (P-based rates). Determinations of biosolids P phytoavailability relative to inorganic P fertilizers are necessary when P-based rates are mandated. Previous shorter-term (≤4 mo) studies successfully distinguished P phytoavailability differences among biosolids, but the ...

  • Toxicity and bioaccumulation of biosolids‐borne triclosan in food crops

    Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial compound commonly found in biosolids. Thus, plants grown in biosolids‐amended soil may be exposed to TCS. The authors evaluated the plant toxicity and accumulation potential of biosolids‐borne TCS in two vegetables (lettuce and radish) and a pasture grass (bahia grass). Vegetables were grown in growth chambers and grass in a greenhouse. Biosolids‐amended soil ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • RAISING THE BIOSOLIDS BAR: DEVELOPING AN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    A California sanitation district’s journey through the process of establishing an EMS for biosolids provides valuable insights, especially for agencies battling public acceptance challenges. THE Orange County, California Sanitation District (District) provides wastewater treatment service for more than 2.2 million people. The facility treats approximately 250 million gallons/day of wastewater and ...


  • Fate of biosolids trace metals in a dryland wheat agroecosystem

    Biosolids land application for beneficial reuse applies varying amounts of trace metals to soils. Measuring plant-available or total soil metals is typically performed to ensure environmental protection, but these techniques do not quantify which soil phases play important roles in terms of metal release or attenuation. This study assessed the distribution of Cd, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, and Zn ...

  • Growth of microalgal biomass on supernatant from biosolid dewatering

    The paper reports the results of an experiment to assess the feasibility of including a photobioreactor within the design of a wastewater treatment plant, growing microalgae on the centrate from anaerobic sludge dewatering. The growth of algal biomass would take advantage of the available nitrogen and provide a substrate for biogas production by anaerobic digestion. Tests were carried out by ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biogeochemical response of a northeastern forest ecosystem to biosolids amendments

    Received for publication September 22, 2007. In the northeastern United States interest in the use of biosolids on forest lands is growing due to the prevalence of extensive forests and market incentives for waste disposal, yet much of the regulatory framework for biosolids land application is based on agronomic practice. This study evaluated the response of soils in a young (~20 yr old) ...

  • Biosolids sampling and handling approaches for microbial analyses

     ABSTRACT The protection of human health and the environment while making the use of biosolids products more practical is a joint goal of utilities and regulatory agencies. Assuring the safety of biosolids is paramount to gaining wide public acceptance of this waste-to-beneficial use product. Making effective decisions about the safety of biosolids use relies on quality data. Satisfying ...

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