biosolids pathogen Articles

  • Response of Different Types of Biosolids to Simultaneous Dewatering and Pathogens Inactivation by Electrokinetic System

    Only electrokinetic system and its effect on the inactivation of pathogenic organisms in biosolids were investigated. Bench scale experiments were conducted in a series of electrokinetic (EK) reactors. Ten EK reactors were set up with different types of sewage sludge: primary, secondary (attached growth culture), secondary (activated sludge), and anaerobically digested sludge, coming from Auteuil ...

  • Regrowth of bacterial pathogen indicators after advanced electro-osmotic dewatering of biosolids

    Applying an electrical field for 10 min to mechanically dewatered biosolids increased dryness to 35 to 45% and reduced Escherichia coli levels to/close to detection limits. Possible reasons for the regrowth of bacterial pathogens impacted by electro-osmotic dewatering are biosolids dryness, low pH and the generation of bacterial oxidants on the anode due to high temperatures. Testing for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • National Biosolids Overview

    In all, the 1990s have been good for the biosolids recycling community. Greater quantities of biosolids are being beneficially used than ever before, there are national biosolids regulations that are widely accepted as a good baseline, and there is an extensive, accessible network of researchers, practitioners, advisers and public officials who when combined, provide thousands of years worth of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Innovation Key To Biosolids Digestion

    A $400 million project at the Blue Plains Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant (AWTP) in Washington, D.C., involves building an innovative biosolids management system comprised of a thermal hydrolysis process, four 3.8-million gallon mesophilic digesters (measuring 70-ft tall by 100-ft in diameter) with fixed covers, a cogeneration system consisting of three 4.6-MW Solar Mercu ry 50 gas turbines ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The antibacterial efficacy of pine oils on pathogens commonly found in biosolids applied to pine plantations

    This study investigated the antibacterial activity of oils from the needles of Pinus radiata, Pinus pinaster, Pinus nigra and Pinus sylvestris against strains of Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. and Clostridium perfringens present in biosolids. The results showed that pine oil from fresh needles of P. radiata and P. pinaster trees have antibacterial properties against biosolids strains of E. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Long-term effects of land application of class B biosolids on the soil microbial populations, pathogens, and activity

    Received for publication August 7, 2009. This study evaluated the influence of 20 annual land applications of Class B biosolids on the soil microbial community. The potential benefits and hazards of land application were evaluated by analysis of surface soil samples collected following the 20th land application of biosolids. The study was initiated in 1986 at the University of Arizona Marana ...

  • Solar disinfection and lime stabilization processes for reduction of pathogenic bacteria in sewage effluents and biosolids for agricultural purposes in Yemen

    Yemen is the least advanced country among Middle Eastern countries in sewage reuse and safety control. The current sewage effluent quality in Yemen is generally poor as none of the existing sewage treatment plants produces effluents that comply with the effluent quality regulations. There is no plan to build tertiary treatment systems. However, the oxidation and stabilization ponds are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An Advanced Biosolids Treatment Process and Potential Beneficial Applications of the Processed Biosolids

    ABSTRACTAn innovative and cost-effective biosolids treatment and processing technology was developed and demonstrated at a pilot and full-scale at the Guelph Wastewater Treatment Plant in Ontario. The Lystek process involves a low but optimized application of heat, alkali, and mixing in a batch or semi-continuous system to achieve the desired physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics ...

  • Rapid Mono-Composting Biosolids Facility

    California Cental Valley composter utilizes the Managed Organic Recycling, Inc. Covered Aerated Static Pile (ASP) Composting System to meet Air Board regulations requireing greated than 90% capture of emissions (VOCs).  System was developed to rapidly compost bisolids to meet PFRP (process to further reduce pathogens) and compost stability in under 10 days.  Facility has increased ...

  • Pathogen Inactivation by a Closed Alakaline System

    ABSTRACTThe efficiency of advanced alkaline disinfection in closed systems has been demonstrated to depend on the balance of ammonia concentration, pH, exposure time, temperature, total solids content, post-treatment storage time and mixing effectiveness. When the alkaline system is a closed one, an additional pathogen stressor is added: pressure. The effect of the alkaline dosing has been ...

  • Biosolids Composter Satisfies Customers and Neighbors

    A ticket to Penn State football games isn’t the only hard thing to come by in State College, Pennsylvania. So is the biosolids compost produced by State College’s University Area Joint Authority (UAJA) wastewater treatment plant. “For the last four years, we’ve been sold out before we’ve made the compost,” says Stephen Welch, who manages the UAJA composting plant. All biosolids generated — about ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices

    Summary Wastewater treatment in the United States is a major cornerstone of efforts to keep the nation’s waters clean. Sewage sludge is the solid, semisolid, or liquid residue generated during treatment of domestic sewage. Since the early 1970s, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the wastewater treatment industry have promoted recycling of sewage sludge. With the prohibition of ...


  • Microbial safety of air-dried and rewetted biosolids

    To assess microbial safety of treated sewage sludge (biosolids), we examined the inactivation of microbial indicators for potential bacterial, viral and protozoan pathogens. The levels of indicators were determined throughout the air-drying and storage phases of anaerobically digested sewage sludge. Samples were collected from two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Victoria, Australia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biosolids sampling and handling approaches for microbial analyses

     ABSTRACT The protection of human health and the environment while making the use of biosolids products more practical is a joint goal of utilities and regulatory agencies. Assuring the safety of biosolids is paramount to gaining wide public acceptance of this waste-to-beneficial use product. Making effective decisions about the safety of biosolids use relies on quality data. Satisfying ...

  • Modeling the carbon footprint of various biosolids treatment options

    There are a wide variety of processes which are capable of treating biosolids to comply with the pathogen reduction requirements defined by US EPA 503 regulations. Choice of technology is complex and dependent on a number of project specific and economic influences. However, within Europe, long term sustainability and carbon impact are becoming more influential and this is being backed up by ...


    By Cambi AS

  • Biocycle Nationwide Survey: The State of Biosolids in America

     The State of Biosolids in America TAKING the pulse of biosolids management practices in the United States yields a combination of hard data and valuable insights. Between survey responses and telephone conversations, state biosolids coordinators around the country paint an overall picture of progress with the beneficial use of biosolids, along with a dose of reality about political, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Preliminary evaluation of biosolids characteristics for anaerobic membrane reactors treating municipal wastewaters

    This study assessed the characteristics of biosolids of a pilot-scale anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) treating municipal wastewater. The production of total solids (TS) and volatile solids (VS) was comparable to that reported for the extended aeration system at solids residence time (SRT) longer than 40 days. The yields of TS and VS were reduced as SRT increased from 40 to 100 days and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impacts of Process Enhancements on Fecal Coliform Concentrations in Anaerobically Digested Biosolids

    Approximately 60 percent of wastewater utilities across the nation land apply biosolids for agricultural use. The US EPA approved methods most commonly used to measure pathogens killed and to ensure biosolids are safe for land application are (1) monitoring time and temperature during the treatment process (operational standards) or (2) testing for the presence of fecal coliform bacteria ...

  • Four Different Pathways to Advanced Biosolids Stabilization Assessing Drivers and Results To-Date

    With increased public scrutiny and growing local regulatory resistance to land application of Class B biosolids, many utilities are raising questions about the continued reliance on this practice. Consequently, they have started exploring options for enhancing the performance of existing solids treatment facilities to achieve the highest level of stabilization, Class A. With composting losing ...

  • Class a biosolids production at eastern municipal water district using heat pasteurization

    Since 1998, the Eastern Municipal Water District (District) has developed and successfully operated a heat pasteurization facility to treat extended aeration waste activated sludge (WAS) from the Perris Valley Regional Water Reclamation Facility (PVRWRF). The treatment train uses hot water to sludge spiral heat exchangers and a patented continuous-feed, complete mix pasteurization vessel (heated ...


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