biosolids regulation Articles

  • National Biosolids Overview

    In all, the 1990s have been good for the biosolids recycling community. Greater quantities of biosolids are being beneficially used than ever before, there are national biosolids regulations that are widely accepted as a good baseline, and there is an extensive, accessible network of researchers, practitioners, advisers and public officials who when combined, provide thousands of years worth of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Biosolids ban struck down

    In 1994, Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts (LACSD) bought a 4,700-acre farm (called Green Acres Farm) in southwest Kern County for the purpose of land applying biosolids from its 11 wastewater treatment plants. LACSD land applied 800 wet tons/day at this site for several years. In 2006, Kern County voters passed Measure E on the ballot with 83 percent approval. This measure banned ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Rapid Mono-Composting Biosolids Facility

    California Cental Valley composter utilizes the Managed Organic Recycling, Inc. Covered Aerated Static Pile (ASP) Composting System to meet Air Board regulations requireing greated than 90% capture of emissions (VOCs).  System was developed to rapidly compost bisolids to meet PFRP (process to further reduce pathogens) and compost stability in under 10 days.  Facility has increased ...

  • Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices

    Summary Wastewater treatment in the United States is a major cornerstone of efforts to keep the nation’s waters clean. Sewage sludge is the solid, semisolid, or liquid residue generated during treatment of domestic sewage. Since the early 1970s, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the wastewater treatment industry have promoted recycling of sewage sludge. With the prohibition of ...


  • A Comparison of Fluid Bed and Multiple Hearth Biosolids Incineration

    Abstract Incineration has been used as a disposal method for wastewater treatment biosolids for over sixty years. The first multiple hearth furnace for biosolids incineration was built in 1935 in Dearborn, MI. From that time through the late sixties, the multiple hearth was the thermal technique of choice for biosolids disposal. Today there are still some 150-175 aging multiple hearths in ...

  • Modeling the carbon footprint of various biosolids treatment options

    There are a wide variety of processes which are capable of treating biosolids to comply with the pathogen reduction requirements defined by US EPA 503 regulations. Choice of technology is complex and dependent on a number of project specific and economic influences. However, within Europe, long term sustainability and carbon impact are becoming more influential and this is being backed up by ...


    By Cambi Group AS

  • Biogeochemical response of a northeastern forest ecosystem to biosolids amendments

    Received for publication September 22, 2007. In the northeastern United States interest in the use of biosolids on forest lands is growing due to the prevalence of extensive forests and market incentives for waste disposal, yet much of the regulatory framework for biosolids land application is based on agronomic practice. This study evaluated the response of soils in a young (~20 yr old) ...

  • Biocycle Nationwide Survey: The State of Biosolids in America

     The State of Biosolids in America TAKING the pulse of biosolids management practices in the United States yields a combination of hard data and valuable insights. Between survey responses and telephone conversations, state biosolids coordinators around the country paint an overall picture of progress with the beneficial use of biosolids, along with a dose of reality about political, ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • RAISING THE BIOSOLIDS BAR: DEVELOPING AN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    A California sanitation district’s journey through the process of establishing an EMS for biosolids provides valuable insights, especially for agencies battling public acceptance challenges. THE Orange County, California Sanitation District (District) provides wastewater treatment service for more than 2.2 million people. The facility treats approximately 250 million gallons/day of wastewater and ...


  • Can an Agency Maintain a Biosolids Management Program in Another County?

    Local jurisdictions in California are considering banning or restricting biosolids land application in their County because they have no oversight on biosolids being applied and because of public perception and nuisance issues related to biosolids, such as odors and flies. The City of Los Angeles developed a biosolids management program in 1989 and the program continues today. Several different ...

  • Impacts of Process Enhancements on Fecal Coliform Concentrations in Anaerobically Digested Biosolids

    Approximately 60 percent of wastewater utilities across the nation land apply biosolids for agricultural use. The US EPA approved methods most commonly used to measure pathogens killed and to ensure biosolids are safe for land application are (1) monitoring time and temperature during the treatment process (operational standards) or (2) testing for the presence of fecal coliform bacteria ...

  • Evaluation of the biosolids compost maturity in south Isfahan wastewater treatment plant

    As a promising alternative for biosolids disposal, land application of composted biosolids has increased in the past decade (Goldstein and Steuteville, 1996). One of the important factors affecting the successful use of biosolids compost for agricultural purposes is stability and maturity it. Application of unstable or immature compost may cause slow plant growth and damage crops by competing for ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Land application of sewage sludge (biosolids) in Australia: risks to the environment and food crops

    Australia is a large exporter of agricultural products, with producers responsible for a range of quality assurance programs to ensure that food crops are free from various contaminants of detriment to human health. Large volumes of treated sewage sludge (biosolids), although low by world standards, are increasingly being recycled to land, primarily to replace plant nutrients and to improve soil ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two-phase anaerobic digestion for class a biosolids at moccasin bend WWTP

    The Moccasin Bend Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) provides treatment for the City of Chattanooga, Tennessee and the surrounding region. The City has completed upgrades to the solids handling facilities to treat and dewater the primary solids and waste activated sludge (WAS) from the WWTP. This paper summarizes the process to handle the primary solids and the start-up process. Primary solids ...

  • Suddenly greenhouse gas regulations

    FROM a whisper to a scream, from 0 to 60 in 4 seconds or less, whether you prefer music metaphors or car metaphors, all of a sudden it seems that regulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs) is about to descend upon us. My reading list on the plane today includes the new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency GHG reporting requirements, a draft protocol from the California Climate Action Registry (CCAR) ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Standardized characterization procedures: a necessary support to regulations

    Sustainable procedures for sludge/biosolids management require the development of strategies to reduce the amount of sludge to be handled and to produce higher quality biosolids. Therefore, realistic and enforceable regulations adapted to local situations must be developed, defined outlet procedures established and good quality products guaranteed. To this end, the definition of standardized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Solar disinfection and lime stabilization processes for reduction of pathogenic bacteria in sewage effluents and biosolids for agricultural purposes in Yemen

    Yemen is the least advanced country among Middle Eastern countries in sewage reuse and safety control. The current sewage effluent quality in Yemen is generally poor as none of the existing sewage treatment plants produces effluents that comply with the effluent quality regulations. There is no plan to build tertiary treatment systems. However, the oxidation and stabilization ponds are ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Waste Water Treatment Plant sees Economic and Environmental Return on Investment with Biosolids Drying System from Therma-Flite

    Therma-Flite, a resource recovery technology company, releases a new case study that provides municipalities with a look at how one mid-sized city has achieved its goals of eliminating transportation and landfill costs associated with biosolid waste disposal. Regulatory, economic and environmental pressures prompted the plant operations leader to seek equipment and systems that could transform ...


    By Therma-Flite Inc.

  • Phosphorus and Heavy Metal Extraction from Wastewater Treatment Plant Sludges Using Microwaves for Generation of Exceptional Quality Biosolids

    ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to evaluate how much phosphorus and metals in sludge can be released into solution by microwave irradiation when applied to sludge prior to anaerobic digestion, and to determine the effectiveness of subsequent lime precipitation. For thickened sludge, the fraction of phosphorus in the soluble form increased to 23%~28% while for unthickened sludge, to ...

  • Quantification of water extractable contaminants from food waste and biosolids blends at different stages of composting

    Rainfall runoff and leachate from windrows composting organic wastes carry nutrients and pathogens. Water extractability of contaminants in compost impacts the design of runoff treatment systems. This paper reports maximum water extractable nutrients, pathogens, and regulated metals from biosolids and food waste composts as measured from a snapshot sampling of windrows at different stages of ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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