biowaste biological treatment Articles

  • Separating micropollutants from biowastes using anaerobic treatment facilities

    Recycling of municipal organic wastes from separate collection systems becomes more and more important in the Federal Republic of Germany. Experiences gathered during the last few years indicate that the recovery potential of waste and biosolids strongly depends on quality of the produced composts or their pollutant load. This means that only really low polluted composts will be competitive in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Biowaste collection in residential areas with dense population

    Because of legal regulations in Germany the biological treatment of organic residues is becoming more and more important. Following the regulations of the Waste Avoidance, Recycling and Disposal Act (KrW-/AbfG) and the TASi (Technical Data Sheet of Urban Wastes) biowaste has to be collected and treated separately. The waste management objective of the separate collection and biological treatment ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Remscheid pilot project: evaluation of a large scale trial of utilizing biodegradable waste bags for biowaste collection and treatment

    Separate collection of organic waste may be considered as an integral part of contemporary waste management schemes. In this function it became widely accepted in the last ten years. It pursues the idea of a recycling economy according to the European hierarchy of waste - prevent, reduce, recycle - and is aimed at closing nutrient cycles. Nevertheless, separate collection at source essentially ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Effects of the anaerobic biowaste treatment processes Management on the digestate quality (residues from Digestion/compost, process water/wastewater)

    Regarding the municipally-collected biowaste amount in Germany, a quantity of 90 - 100 kg/ per annum per citizen is registered (Gallenkemper and Doedens, 1994). That results in an annual biowaste amount of 6.3 to 7 million tons in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), whereby also sewage sludges and biogenic, industrial wastes are added. According to Hochrein (1994) about 3 million tons of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Reclamation of a mine contaminated soil using biologically reactive organic matrices

    Organic residues such as sewage sludge, biowastes and composts are increasingly used in land rehabilitation because they can improve the physical, chemical and biochemical properties of soil, and reduce the need for inorganic fertilization. Furthermore, their use contributes to an integrated approach to waste management by promoting recycling of nutrients and minimizing final disposal, especially ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Source separation trends in the UK

    THE past 15 years have seen significant investment and development of the biowaste collection and treatment industry in the United Kingdom (UK), which has gone from virtually zero to an industry worth over £160 million (264.6 million USD). Driving this investment have been a number of regulatory and fiscal measures such as the first set of Landfill Directive targets due in 2010. Since 1999, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Determination of sand content in digestate

    The biological treatment of separate collected waste becomes more and more important. The composting is still the dominant method of treating this waste, but the anaerobic alternative, the anaerobic digestion, plays an increasing part. In Germany already 15% of the whole capacity of biological treatment plants for separate collected biowaste are of anaerobic digestion (Kern, 1998), because of its ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Rest or mixed waste sorting-digestion-separation for the recovery of recyclables and energy

    Source separate collection of biowaste has been implemented in many countries in Europe, especially in the German- speaking countries and the Benelux. By separating the biowaste fraction, a waste fraction called rest waste or grey waste is left over. This fraction is in most instances landfilled or incinerated. However, rest waste still contains a considerable amount of organics (up to 65%) which ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting in flanders: the vlaco experience

    In Belgium, waste policy mainly belongs to the responsibility of the regional authorities. Therefore, apart from some European regulations, Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels have their own laws, rules and strategies with respect to waste management. These different situations are inevitably related to the political, socio-economic and natural conditions of these regions. In execution of the Waste ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Composting in flanders: the vlaco experience

    Currently, the Flanders waste policy is based on the so-called ‘ladder of Lansink’. Six aerobic composting and one anaerobic digestion plant are operational for the treatment of biowaste. Some new composting plants are foreseen for 1999 and/or 2000. Composting retention time varies from 10 to 15 weeks. Green waste is treated in 15 open air composting plants. With respect to the use of compost ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Reasonable waste digestion plants

    During the last years it became quite clear that in the area of utilisation of organic waste the anaerobic digestion has developed a leading position. This is not only based on its well known advantages:- abhigh rate degradation of organics- abcontained process- ablow emissions- abhigh yield of CO2-neutral produced biogas and high quality compost as its productsbut also on the fact that customers ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Canarina DESCAR software · sea pollution modeling · algorithms 9

    8.2.1 Water is not stratified 8.2.1.1 Multiport diffuser.- We have three different cases: Case I:  θ >=65º   F<=0.1 ó θ <65º   F<=0.36 θ=angle between ...

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