biowaste digestion Articles

  • Co-fermentation of sewage sludge and biowastes

    The anaerobic treatment of sewage sludge has a long history in Germany. It began early in the Twentieth Century with the development of the Imhoff tank and has, since then, been con-tinuously further developed. Today, anaerobic sludge digestion is the most widely used process for stabilizing sewage sludges. Digesters, in which a portion of the sewage sludge is converted into utilizable biogas ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Effects of the anaerobic biowaste treatment processes Management on the digestate quality (residues from Digestion/compost, process water/wastewater)

    Regarding the municipally-collected biowaste amount in Germany, a quantity of 90 - 100 kg/ per annum per citizen is registered (Gallenkemper and Doedens, 1994). That results in an annual biowaste amount of 6.3 to 7 million tons in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), whereby also sewage sludges and biogenic, industrial wastes are added. According to Hochrein (1994) about 3 million tons of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Two-phase thermophilic anaerobic digestion process for biohythane production treating biowaste: preliminary results

    This paper deals with the optimization of a two-phase anaerobic process treating biowaste for hydrogen and methane production. Neither physical nor chemical pre-treatments were used to optimize the process. The work was carried out at pilot scale, using two CSTRs (200 and 380 L working volume respectively) both maintained at thermophilic temperature (55 °C) and fed semi-continuously with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Separating micropollutants from biowastes using anaerobic treatment facilities

    Recycling of municipal organic wastes from separate collection systems becomes more and more important in the Federal Republic of Germany. Experiences gathered during the last few years indicate that the recovery potential of waste and biosolids strongly depends on quality of the produced composts or their pollutant load. This means that only really low polluted composts will be competitive in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Determination of sand content in digestate

    The biological treatment of separate collected waste becomes more and more important. The composting is still the dominant method of treating this waste, but the anaerobic alternative, the anaerobic digestion, plays an increasing part. In Germany already 15% of the whole capacity of biological treatment plants for separate collected biowaste are of anaerobic digestion (Kern, 1998), because of its ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Use of external carbon sources derived from biowaste for short-cut nutrient removal from anaerobic effluents

    This work evaluated the use of different external carbon sources to promote the via-nitrite nutrient removal from anaerobic effluents. The carbon sources consisted of fermentation liquid produced from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW FL), drainage liquid produced from OFMSW, fermentation liquid produced from vegetable and fruit waste (VFW FL) and acetic acid. Denitritation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Turning Contaminated Waste into Clean Renewable Energy and pas 110 compost – an overview of the inter Engineering Biowaste Process

    The Inter Engineering Biowaste process has been specifically developed to allow contaminated CAT3 organic wastes to be pre-conditioned and anaerobicly digested to produce high yields of renewable biogas and good quality compost suitable for compliance with the proposed PAS110 standard.   The paper outlines the process and discusses many of the specific adaptations the process has made to ...


  • Reasonable waste digestion plants

    During the last years it became quite clear that in the area of utilisation of organic waste the anaerobic digestion has developed a leading position. This is not only based on its well known advantages:- abhigh rate degradation of organics- abcontained process- ablow emissions- abhigh yield of CO2-neutral produced biogas and high quality compost as its productsbut also on the fact that customers ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Operations & Experience of the Ecopro Co-digestion Plant, Norway

    ECOPRO Background 51 Norwegian municipalities formed the company Ecopro and decided to build a second generation biowaste (co-digestion) plant in Norway. The project started with a pre-qualification in early 2004 followed by a tendering process where the pre-qualified participants where invited to submit an offer. After this process Cambi was awarded the contract ...


    By Cambi AS

  • European Experiences With the Treatment and Digestion of Bio-Organic Waste

    In the area of waste management environmental awareness has essentially increased and according technologies got more and more accepted in Europe within more than ten years now. During all the time BTA has gathered experiences by developing and realising flexible concepts for biowaste treatment plants of different design and capacities for the treatment of various waste streams: full scale plants ...


    By BTA International GmbH

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Digester Developer Taps Natural Gas Markets

    IN the late 1990s, Dan Eastman and two colleagues were researching business opportunities in the renewable energy industry. They were looking for a commercially viable technology that could take renewable energy from an experimental phase to a solid business investment. In 1999, Eastman and his partners founded Microgy, Inc., with its base in Wisconsin. The company licensed the Xergi anaerobic ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Co-digestion - Processes, potentials and organization Forms

    Co-digestion of organic wastes together with livestock manure has received growing interest in Germany during the last 5 years because some waste acts have been changed in order to achieve a better protection of the environment and to promote the utilisation of wastes for the formation of renewable energy and secondary products which can substitute mineral fertilisers and conventional soil ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Digester gas - Stornoway Scotland - case study

    Scottish Island to be the first to utilise Anaerobic Digestion in waste treatment Comhairle nan Eilean Siar Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, Scotland “We were convinced by ENER-G’s ability to install a system that met with our requirements for a facility that is an innovative combination of waste treatments and includes the UK’s first dry Anaerobic Digestion facility” ...


    By ENER-G

  • A hot chance: exhaustive anaerobic digestion of “grey waste” under temperatures of pasteurization

    According to German laws municipal residual refuse MRR (biowaste, paper and glass are collected in separate bins) must be nearly mineralized before it will be deposited in a landfill, since this material can still contain 20 - 50 % biogenous organic matter leading to gaseous and liquid emissions. Especially the high-organic sieve fraction of MRR below 40 - 60 mm and with a thermal energy content ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Rest or mixed waste sorting-digestion-separation for the recovery of recyclables and energy

    Source separate collection of biowaste has been implemented in many countries in Europe, especially in the German- speaking countries and the Benelux. By separating the biowaste fraction, a waste fraction called rest waste or grey waste is left over. This fraction is in most instances landfilled or incinerated. However, rest waste still contains a considerable amount of organics (up to 65%) which ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Biohydrogen production by anaerobic co–digestion of press mud and domestic sewage

    Anaerobic fermentation of press mud and sewage for biohydrogen production was conducted in six batch reactors for various total solid concentrations between 5–8.5%. Chemical oxygen demand, pH, total solid % for biohydrogen produced were monitored regularly. The experiments were conducted for 40 days to optimise the total solid content of the feed for maximum biohydrogen production. Effect of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental efficiency of composting versus anaerobic digestion of separately collected, organic waste

    Environmental policy in the Netherlands among others aims at closing material cycles and minimising the amount of waste requiring final disposal. In this policy the highest priority is given to the prevention of waste production followed by (in descending order of preference) reuse, incineration with energy recovery and sanitary landfilling. In the implementation of this solid waste policy also ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Perspectives of composting and anaerobic digestion technologies for the treatment of organic fraction of municipal solid waste in Europe and Asia

    The development and implementation level of composting and anaerobic digestion technologies for municipal biowaste management in Europe and Asia are different in many aspects. The progress of these technologies generally depends on the lifestyle, waste generation rate, waste characteristics, awareness level, acceptability, market value and other economic factors. In Europe, regulatory directives ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Source separation trends in the UK

    THE past 15 years have seen significant investment and development of the biowaste collection and treatment industry in the United Kingdom (UK), which has gone from virtually zero to an industry worth over £160 million (264.6 million USD). Driving this investment have been a number of regulatory and fiscal measures such as the first set of Landfill Directive targets due in 2010. Since 1999, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

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