biowaste separation Articles

  • Biowaste collection and Composting in Africa

    Biowaste separate collection in São Tomé and Princípe, West Africa. The article explores how to collect biowaste from households, markets, restaurants and other facilities. It emphasizes the composting methods used to treat biowaste, in a Small Island State. The type of Composting Plant, tools and other requirements in order to effectively have a good final product. The ...


  • Separating micropollutants from biowastes using anaerobic treatment facilities

    Recycling of municipal organic wastes from separate collection systems becomes more and more important in the Federal Republic of Germany. Experiences gathered during the last few years indicate that the recovery potential of waste and biosolids strongly depends on quality of the produced composts or their pollutant load. This means that only really low polluted composts will be competitive in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Biowaste collection in residential areas with dense population

    Because of legal regulations in Germany the biological treatment of organic residues is becoming more and more important. Following the regulations of the Waste Avoidance, Recycling and Disposal Act (KrW-/AbfG) and the TASi (Technical Data Sheet of Urban Wastes) biowaste has to be collected and treated separately. The waste management objective of the separate collection and biological treatment ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Source separation trends in the UK

    THE past 15 years have seen significant investment and development of the biowaste collection and treatment industry in the United Kingdom (UK), which has gone from virtually zero to an industry worth over £160 million (264.6 million USD). Driving this investment have been a number of regulatory and fiscal measures such as the first set of Landfill Directive targets due in 2010. Since 1999, the ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Remscheid pilot project: evaluation of a large scale trial of utilizing biodegradable waste bags for biowaste collection and treatment

    Separate collection of organic waste may be considered as an integral part of contemporary waste management schemes. In this function it became widely accepted in the last ten years. It pursues the idea of a recycling economy according to the European hierarchy of waste - prevent, reduce, recycle - and is aimed at closing nutrient cycles. Nevertheless, separate collection at source essentially ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Effects of biowaste compost on vegetative growth, Yield and fruit quality of james grieve apples

    In Lower Austria 69 agricultural composting plants are in operation in addition to municipal and commercial composting plants. The agricultural composting plants process separately collected organic household waste as contractual partners for the neighbouring municipalities. The compost produced is used to a large extent on the agricultural fields of the plants' owners. In order to improve the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Effects of the anaerobic biowaste treatment processes Management on the digestate quality (residues from Digestion/compost, process water/wastewater)

    Regarding the municipally-collected biowaste amount in Germany, a quantity of 90 - 100 kg/ per annum per citizen is registered (Gallenkemper and Doedens, 1994). That results in an annual biowaste amount of 6.3 to 7 million tons in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), whereby also sewage sludges and biogenic, industrial wastes are added. According to Hochrein (1994) about 3 million tons of ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • The influence of biowaste and garden waste composts on diseases caused by pythium ultimum and rhizoctonia Solani related to the antagonists trichoderma hamatum and flavobacterium balustinum

    Soilborne plant pathogens can cause serious losses on both agricultural and horticultural crops. Examples include damping-off diseases caused by Pythium spp. and Rhizoctonia spp., Pythium and Phytophthora root rots, Rhizoctonia crown rot, Fusarium and Verticillium wilts, nematode and even bacterial diseases. Until the fifties, the principal methods to control soilborne diseases were through the ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Plastics Separation in Compost

    Untitled Document Operators say their number one contamination problem is plastic - small, large and in-between - in the compost ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Plastics Separation In Compost

    Operators say their number one contamination problem is plastic small, large and in-between - in the compost feedstock and thus in the end product. New study and equipment offer some excellent solutions. An air separation unit from Hawker Corp. is attached to the outfeed conveyor of a screen. Plastic is collected in a tube sock (inset) attached to the fan assembly. PRESSURE in Europe to increase ...

  • Rest or mixed waste sorting-digestion-separation for the recovery of recyclables and energy

    Source separate collection of biowaste has been implemented in many countries in Europe, especially in the German- speaking countries and the Benelux. By separating the biowaste fraction, a waste fraction called rest waste or grey waste is left over. This fraction is in most instances landfilled or incinerated. However, rest waste still contains a considerable amount of organics (up to 65%) which ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Environmental efficiency of composting versus anaerobic digestion of separately collected, organic waste

    Environmental policy in the Netherlands among others aims at closing material cycles and minimising the amount of waste requiring final disposal. In this policy the highest priority is given to the prevention of waste production followed by (in descending order of preference) reuse, incineration with energy recovery and sanitary landfilling. In the implementation of this solid waste policy also ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Energy analysis of conventional and source-separation systems for urban wastewater management using Life Cycle Assessment

    This study investigates the cumulative energy demand (CED) of different systems for the management of urban wastewater, following the methodology of Life Cycle Assessment. In a hypothetical case study for an urban area (5,000 inhabitants), all relevant processes for wastewater collection and treatment and the construction of infrastructure are described in a substance flow model. The conventional ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Waste management regulations

    In recent years, utilisation of biowastes (especially biowaste composts) has gained greater significance in the Federal Republic of Germany. Whereas less than 1 million tonnes of biowaste was source separated and utilised in 1990, more than 6 million tonnes of biowaste are currently used as fertilisers after composting or digestion. Since composting of source separated biowaste has gained a ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Determination of sand content in digestate

    The biological treatment of separate collected waste becomes more and more important. The composting is still the dominant method of treating this waste, but the anaerobic alternative, the anaerobic digestion, plays an increasing part. In Germany already 15% of the whole capacity of biological treatment plants for separate collected biowaste are of anaerobic digestion (Kern, 1998), because of its ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Integrated environmental biotechnology-oriented framework for solid waste management and control in Nigeria

    Several environmental problems arising from man's activity have to be solved in a cost-effective and an environmentally friendly approach. In this paper, a framework for an integrated management and control of solid waste in the south-east zone of Nigeria is presented. The major activities include collection and transportation of solid waste to designated areas, separation of reusable components ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Status and trends for biomass use and consequences for waste management - the example of Germany

    While separate collection and treatment of organic waste in Germany had a magnitude of 100.000 Mg in 1985 it currently extends to 8.2 Mio. Mg of which about 50% each refers to biowaste and green waste respectively. However, a further potential of 8 million Mg of organic waste collected with other residual waste still exists. Rapidly increasing costs for the treatment of residual waste coupled ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • A hot chance: exhaustive anaerobic digestion of “grey waste” under temperatures of pasteurization

    According to German laws municipal residual refuse MRR (biowaste, paper and glass are collected in separate bins) must be nearly mineralized before it will be deposited in a landfill, since this material can still contain 20 - 50 % biogenous organic matter leading to gaseous and liquid emissions. Especially the high-organic sieve fraction of MRR below 40 - 60 mm and with a thermal energy content ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Managing Compostable Bags At Anaerobic Digestion Plants

    The highest and best use for treating residential food waste is through source separation, sending organics first to anaerobic digestion (to capture energy), followed by aerobic composting (to return nutrients to the soil). Sending food waste to anaerobic digestion (AD) facilities requires appropriate tools and planning for capturing high volumes of material with low contamination. Compostable ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Dreyer & Bosse deliver renewable energy CHP project to Sofia in Bulgaria

    The Sofia council decided to invest in renewable energy to make use of the many tons of biowaste (vegetative material),  20,000 tons per annum, from the waste removal collections that take place daily in Sofia and surrounding area. To make this possible it was decided to go for wet fermentation where the substrate or raw material ferments and the biogas is collected. After three weeks the ...

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