black carbon particle Articles

  • Black Carbon – the elephant in the room!

    Traditionally, ambient particulates have been measured gravimetrically according to their size. However, in this article Jim Mills, Managing Director of Air Monitors, will demonstrate that the time has come to change or at least augment the way ambient particulates are monitored and regulated. Air Monitors has supplied most of the UK's ambient monitoring network, but Jim will explain why the ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • In-Vehicle exposures to particulate matter and black carbon

    ABSTRACTIn-vehicle exposures to particulate matter (PM) and black carbon (BC) can be a significant part of personal totalexposure. The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of the in-vehicle pollutant level. This study measured in-vehicle exposure to PM number concentrations using an aerosol spectrometer and BC concentration by an aethalometer. The measurement was repeated 3 ...

  • Solo flight tracks global Black Carbon

    On 8th January 2012 a tiny ultra-light aircraft left Ljubljana in Slovenia on a mission to circumvent the globe using the smallest amount of fuel per distance flown whilst recording ambient levels of Black Carbon (BC) – one of the most important measures of air quality in terms of both human health and climate change. UK based particulate monitoring specialist Jim Mills from Air Monitors ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Characterization of Polymer Carbon Sieves, Graphitized Polymer Carbons and Graphitized Carbon Blacks for Sample Preparation Applications

    The use of carbons in sample preparation techniques such as solid phase extraction (SPE) and air sampling has been ongoing for several decades. Recent advancements in sample preparation techniques have led to the use of carbons in micro-SPE (i.e., pipette tips packed with particles), solid phase microextraction (SPME) techniques and carbon coatings for both gas and liquid sample preparation ...


    By MilliporeSigma

  • Status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe

    Black carbon (BC) is increasingly discussed in science and environmental policy areas as an example of an air pollutant that affects both human health and contributes to climate change (e.g. WHO, 2012; UNEP/WMO, 2011; Bond et al., 2013; IPCC, 2013). In order to be able to make comparable measurements of BC in ambient air and to relate BC monitoring to health impacts and climate change it is ...

  • Effects of subchronic inhalation exposure to carbon black nanoparticles in the nasal airways of laboratory rats

    The nose can be an efficient filter for inhaled gases, vapours and particles that may be harmful to the lung. Nasal airways may also be targets for injury caused by inhaled toxicants. To investigate the nasal toxicity of carbon black nanoparticles (CB), rats were exposed to 0, 1, 7 or 50 mg/m? of high surface area CB (HSCB; primary particle size 17 nm; particle surface area 300 m?/g) for 6 h/day, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Influence of accidental fire on black carbon aerosol concentrations over an urban environment

    Carbonaceous aerosols are emitted by combustion sources and may influence the climate by altering the radiation balance of the atmosphere. Carbonaceous particles exist mainly in the accumulation mode and thus may be transported over long distances. The present study deals with the impact of anthropogenic activity associated with accidental fires on the black carbon aerosol concentrations over an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Black carbon emissions of individual cars measured under real conditions

    Measurements of individual vehicle emissions are usually made in laboratory tests. In this study, researchers followed cars driving in real conditions to measure emissions of air pollutants, including black carbon and nitrogen oxides. The study shows that diesel cars contribute disproportionately to air pollution, and highlights the value of on-road measurements. Vehicle traffic is a major source ...


    By European Commission

  • Effect of carbon black nanoparticle on the morphology rheology and thermal properties of emulsion polymer blends

    In this study, the effects of the content of carbon black (CB) nanoparticle on the morphology of the emulsion polymer blends were investigated. The immiscible polymer blend was prepared with polystyrene (PS) and polypropylene (PP) in the absence and presence of different contents of CB nanoparticle in a twin screw mini extruder. The blend morphology was determined by Scanning Electron Microscopy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reducing the threat of carbon soot – Case Study

    The U.S. government now recognizes that black carbon soot is the number two cause of climate change and the most important component of air pollution affecting our public health. This soot, caused mainly by the burning of fossil fuels and firewood, is often found in huge smog-like plumes known as "atmospheric brown clouds." According to a report commissioned by the U.N. Environment Program, this ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic studies with linear and non-linear fitting for cadmium(II) removal by black carbon of pine cone

    In this study, black carbon from pine cone (BCPC) and acidic-modified BCPC (MBCPC) powder as a popular agricultural waste in the southeast of Iran were used for cadmium removal from aqueous solutions. The effect of various factors, such as surface chemistry and dosage of adsorbent, contact time, size of particles, initial concentration of cadmium, temperature, and pH of aqueous solutions, was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Composition and textural properties of soot and study of their oxidative elimination by catalytic process

    Diesel soot and reference carbon black samples have been characterised by analysis of the organic compounds fraction and determination of textural characteristics (specific area). The potential to eliminate such carbonaceous particles has been investigated using a Cu/ZrO2 solid catalyst promoted by potassium additives. The reactivity of soot samples depends on the organic compounds content. In ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Aerosol characteristics at a continental urban station in southern India

    Spectral Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD), Black Carbon (BC) mass concentration and Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM) measurements were made at an urban continental location, Bangalore (13°N, 77.6°E), in southern India. These results show that AODs reach a maximum during April (∼0.5) and minimum during December (∼0.2) at 500 nm. BC and SPM showed variations of 0.6-4.2 μg m³ and 120-195 μg m³, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eliminating Man-Made Hazein Protected Areas: A Goal of the Regional Haze Rule

    In recognition of the value of good visibility in areas set aside for their scenic splendor, Section 169A of the 1977 U.S. clean Air Act Amendments established a national goal of remedying existing visibility impairment and preventing future visibility impairment resulting from man-made air pollution emissions at 156 national parks and wilderness areas, referred to as visibility-protected federal ...

  • Can roadway design air quality impacts

    In recent years, a consensus has emerged that exposure to traffic emissions increases risks of adverse health effects for populations living, working, or going to school near large roadways.1-4 Near-roadway air pollution is characterized by elevated levels of trafficgenerated compounds compared to overall urban background levels with the gradual decrease in concentrations within several hundred ...

  • IRSST Publishes Assessment of Methods of Sampling and Characterizing Engineered Nanomaterials in the Workplace in English

    The Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail (IRSST) recently published a report, in English, entitled An Assessment of Methods of Sampling and Characterizing Engineered Nanomaterials in the Air and on Surfaces in the ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Luminescence properties of Sn1−xFexO2 nanoparticles

    Nanoparticles of Sn1−xFexO2 (x = 0, 0.02, 0.05, 0.1) have been prepared by co-precipitation method using SnCl2 and FeSO4 precursors and subsequent heat-treatment at 600°C. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) study shows that these nanoparticles crystallise in tetragonal system. The unit cell volume increases slightly with Fe2+ doping indicating substitution of Sn4+ sites by Fe2+ ions. The unit cell volume ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Albedo Enhancement by Stratospheric Sulfur Injections: A Contribution to Resolve a Policy Dilemma?

    Fossil fuel burning releases about 25 Pg of CO2 per year into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming (Prentice et al., 2001). However, it also emits 55 Tg S as SO2 per year (Stern, 2005), about half of which is converted to sub-micrometer size sulfate particles, the remainder being dry deposited. Recent research has shown that the warming of earth by the increasing concentrations of CO2 ...


    By Springer

  • Emissions reduction with Diesel blending

    Diesel technologies are develops by huge rates. Modification of cars with diesel engines make a half of the new cars sold in Europe. The black smoke, noisy engine operation and unpleasant smell remained far in the past. Today diesel engines present not only profitability, but also high capacity and worthy dynamic characteristics. Quality of fuel also is changed. The modern diesel blending has ...

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