blackwater Articles

  • Performance of a MBR for the treatment of blackwater

    The paper describes the experience gained in operating a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for the treatment of blackwater. Beside a complete characterization of blackwater, operational conditions and removal efficiency concerning parameters such as COD, BOD5, nitrogen and phosphorus as well as microbiological parameters were determined. Furthermore the membrane performance was investigated. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Particle removal in a novel sequential mechanical filter system loaded with blackwater

    A novel sequential mechanical filter system was developed as an alternative primary treatment method for onsite wastewater treatment. The filter combines traditional screening with a novel type of counter-flow filter using wood-shavings as a biodegradable filter matrix. This study tested the system in a batch loading regime simulating high frequency toilet flushing using blackwater from a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewer mining to supplement blackwater flow in a commercial high-rise Australia-Sydney case study

    Project Background or Rationale Australia’s warm climate and habitual droughts have resulted in innovative water conservation practices in commercial developments, such as 1 Bligh Street in Sydney. Commissioned in May 2011, the highly acclaimed 29 story office tower overlooking the Sydney Harbor captures nearly 100 percent of its wastewater and reuses it in the building. By recycling ...

  • Aquacell S100 - 1 Bligh Street, Sydney case study

    Location: Sydney, Australia Client: Dexus and Cbus Property Capacity: 26,000 gallons/day Source: Blackwater from toilets, hand basins, mined sewer Recycled Use: Toilet flushing and cooling tower make-up The Property Located in the heart of ...

  • Public perceptions of recycled water: a survey of visitors to the London 2012 Olympic Park

    The Old Ford Water Recycling Plant, operated by Thames Water, was used to supply non-potable recycled blackwater to some of the venues at the London 2012 Games. In an effort to learn from this experience, Thames Water commissioned a survey of visitors to the Olympic Park during the Games to explore public responses to the water recycling project. Results show a very high level of support for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Green Village Delft – integration of an autarkic water supply in a local sustainable energy system

    For the Green Village at the campus of Delft University of Technology, an autarkic water circuit was developed. The aim was to avoid connections to the public water supply system, the sewerage, the electricity grid and cable systems. It should produce its own drinking water and electricity, and clean its organic waste streams in a sustainable way. Due to the strict Dutch drinking water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Towards sustainable sanitation – the HAMBURG WATER Cycle in the settlement Jenfelder Au

    One of the largest urban development projects at present in Hamburg is the conversion of former military barracks into a new residential area for about 630 households, called Jenfelder Au. The urban design concept for this 35 ha area follows a high quality approach to develop a carbon-neutral, attractive neighbourhood for approx. 2,000 inhabitants abundant with green space and urban water. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design and assessment of urban drainage and water reuse systems for the reconstruction of formerly industrial areas: a case in Beijing

    The Shougang Group is an industrial steel enterprise occupying 800 ha in Beijing that will cease production by 2010. The area will be converted to a new financial and commercial zone. The rebuilding of the water infrastructure in this area should address water shortages in Beijing and retain the industrial landmark of a large cooling water tank. A design framework and an assessment system with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • FRA: commercial case study

    Yateley Leisure Provision of hydrological, hydraulic and flood risk services Hydro-Logic was appointed in 2007/08 to undertake a series of flood risk assessments for sites in Yateley that had previously been used for mineral extraction. The planned development included office, leisure complex and water sports on one of the adjacent lakes. Hydraulic ...


    By Hydro-Logic Services

  • Fate of pathogen indicators in a domestic blend of food waste and wastewater through a two-stage anaerobic digestion system

    Anaerobic digestion is a viable on-site treatment technology for rich organic waste streams such as food waste and blackwater. In contrast to large-scale municipal wastewater treatment plants which are typically located away from the community, the effluent from any type of on-site system is a potential pathogenic hazard because of the intimacy of the system to the community. The native ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Today’s fuel cell and cell phone of water and wastewater treatment

    Human waste and the health problems associated with it have been with us since the beginning of time. These problems increased at the point in history when we started using water to clean things. About 3,300 B.C., we began using it to move human waste to a different location from where it originated, further complicating the issue. Wastewater treatment didn't really begin until we started ...


  • Membrane Bioreactor for Water Mining in New York City

    The Facility The Helena, which opened in late 2005, is an apartment building that offers more than amenities, views, and nice finishes. Behind the $100 million tower’s gleaming glass and metal skin is a serious high-performance building. Its owner and designers say the Helena will annually use 65 percent of the energy and one-third of the potable water of comparable ...


    By Dynatec Systems Inc.

  • Removal of Microorganisms from Domestic Greywater Using a Recycling Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland (RVFCW)

    ABSTRACTThe reuse of greywater (GW) is an attractive addition to water management options. One of the major concerns limiting GW reuse is the possible presence of harmful microorganisms. In addition to total coliform organisms, enteric organisms (Salmonella, Shigella and poliovirus Type 1 Cryptosporidium, Giardia) and opportunistic pathogens ( Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) may ...

  • Application of nano-silver coated granular activated carbon for inactivation of septic tank effluent

    On-site sanitation systems such as cesspools and septic tanks are widely used in most developing countries. These systems primarily aim to collect and treat toilet wastewater or blackwater. Although septic tanks are commonly used in non-sewered areas, their effluents are still rich in pathogens and other pollutants. The practice of direct discharge of septic tank effluents into the surrounding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Beyond the barriers of water reuse

    Water reuse may be the moment’s most talked about treatment industry topic. It’s no wonder that as drought persists in regions throughout the world without sign of subsiding, questions about how we can make the most of our water are being asked. An answer can be found in the ways that we apply membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology. As one of the most central components for water ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Analysis of monitoring results of the separation and greywater treatment system at Chester Woods Park, Olmsted County, Minn.

    Introduction In 1993, Olmsted County installed an advanced individual sewage treatment system (ISTS) at the caretaker's residence at a County-owned park to demonstrate waste load reduction and downsizing of drainfield area. The subject system has two components--1) a composting/vermiculture blackwater system and a 2) aerobic graywater treatment system. The separation of the high strength ...


    By Equaris Corporation

  • Matrix Gemini LIMS at work in the Nuclear Industry

    Bradwell nuclear power station is located on the Dengie peninsula at the mouth of the River Blackwater in Essex. Construction of Bradwell power station began in December 1957 and electricity generation started in 1962. It had two Magnox reactors producing 242 Megawatts of electricity. It could supply enough electricity to meet the combined needs of three towns the size of Chelmsford, Colchester ...


    By Autoscribe Informatics

  • Retirement community graywater reuse - Australia case study

    Project Background or Rationale RSL Care’s Sunset Ridge Retirement Community resides near the Pacific coast in Zilzie, Queensland, Australia. The retirement community includes 100 independent living villas, a 120-bed aged care residential complex, and resort style facilities. Although Zilzie averages 31 in (79 cm) of annual rainfall, RSL Care sought to install a graywater recycling ...

  • Sydney´s Sustainable House

    Introduction Sustainability or 'sustainable development' has become a term which is frequently applied to land use and social planning and resource issues. Sustainability is a concept which draws attention to development practices which can degrade natural ecosystems and deplete natural resources. If development is defined broadly to include any cultural activity, then sustainable development may ...


  • Sustainable wastewater separation treatment systems coupled with nutrient and water reducing greywater reuse technologies

    Nationally and internationally, pressure is increasing to introduce nutrient reducing, water conserving and recycling measures for sustainable residential and small community water/wastewater systems. Reports of inadequate water quality and quantity are being reported daily. Over the past thirty years the federal government and State of Alaska have invested over 4 billion dollars installing piped ...


    By Equaris Corporation

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