BOD 10 Articles

  • Shrimp Processing Wastewater Treatment

    These jars show the treatibility with Floccin J and wastewater from cooked shrimp. The initial untreated water had a TSS of 1,230 ppm and a BOD of 3,000 ppm. The addition of 0.10 grams of Floccin J in 100ml (8.34 lbs/1,000 gallons) created a tight flock and a very clean effluent water quality. The treated TSS was less than 10 ppm and the BOD was 200 ppm. There was a significant amount of oil ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Performance of a constructed wetland for treating farm-yard dirty water

    Constructed wetlands (CWs) have been used to treat agricultural effluents with varying success especially with respect to their operational efficiency in winter and ability to retain phosphorus. Dirty water (DW) from dairy farms is a mixture of manure contaminated runoff and milk parlour washings with a highly polluting biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) ≤3,000 mg/L. The initial performance a CW of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fungi immobilization for landfill leachate treatment

    This paper investigated treatment of landfill leachate collected from Nonthaburi landfill site, Thailand, by using immobilized white rot fungi, namely, Trametes versicolor BCC 8725 and Flavodon flavus BCC 17421. Effects of pH and co-substrates were investigated at different contact times. Three types of co-substrates as carbon source used in this study are glucose, corn starch ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Viltra IWOX systems engineered by DMT - The next standard in small scale wastewater treatment

    Abstract Both technology and environmental awareness drive legislation for wastewater treatment. Now, the leap from 20/30 (BOD: Biological oxygen demand, mg/l / SS: suspended solids, mg/l) to 10/10 or even 5/5 is possible due to a different design approach. For years, the sewage treatment plant market was dominated by systems from (septic) tank suppliers, but now an engineering company ...

  • Mixing To Enhance Facultative Wastewater Lagoon Treatment

    SolarBee® & GridBee® Are Leading The Way In most lagoons, sunlight causes a hard stratification at 12 to 18 inches of depth.  The top water is warmer and thick algae populations are producing supersaturated dissolved oxygen (DO).  The DO gasses off at the surface and is not readily available deeper in the pond for use by BOD-reducing bacteria. Meanwhile new ...


    By Medora Corporation

  • Tuna Processing & Protein Recovery Wastewater Case Study

    99% Reduction in TSS - 91% BOD - 7.5% Protein Recovery The water from a tuna processing facility was treated for solids reduction, BOD reduction and recovery of the protein from the high protein rendering sludge for reuse as animal feed. The protein is very valuable for use in the animal food industry. Currently the facility has no process for recovery of the protein and ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • A wastewater plant bio-augmentation success

    Rosethorne WWTP is located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, just west of New Orleans. The plant was constructed in the mid-1990s with a design capacity of 400,000 GPD. Today, the average daily flow through the plant is approximately 250,000 GPD. During Hurricane Katrina, in 2005, the plant suffered considerable damage to its mechanical infrastructure, and even after repairs, its effluent was ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Dairy

    Problem: The Dairy Plant was experiencing difficulties with their waste activated treatment plant due to overloading. Solution: After a very successful trial, the customer installed a Hydrocal CAF to remove as much of the suspended solids, fats, oils and greases (up to 95 - 98%) as necessary to stabilize the biological plant. The CAF 25 and balance ...


    By HydroCal Inc.

  • Risk analysis of seasonal stream water quality management

    Seasonal discharge programs, which take advantage of temporal variation of stream assimilative capacity, are cost effective. However, these seasonal discharge control programs should not increase the risk of water quality violations. A method is presented to estimate the allowable pollutant loads under both seasonal and non-seasonal discharge control programs for a single discharger that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk analysis of seasonal stream water quality management

    Seasonal discharge programs, which take advantage of temporal variation of stream assimilative capacity, are cost effective. However, these seasonal discharge control programs should not increase the risk of water quality violations. A method is presented to estimate the allowable pollutant loads under both seasonal and non-seasonal discharge control programs for a single discharger that ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling of wastewater quality in an urban area during festival and rainy days

    Water pollution during festival periods is a major problem in all festival cities across the world. Reliable prediction of water pollution is essential in festival cities for sewer and wastewater management in order to ensure public health and a clean environment. This article aims to model the biological oxygen demand (BOD5), and total suspended solids (TSS) parameters in wastewater in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance evaluation of 388 full-scale waste stabilization pond systems with seven different configurations

    Waste stabilization ponds (WSPs) and their variants are one the most widely used wastewater treatment systems in the world. However, the scarcity of systematic performance data from full-scale plants has led to challenges associated with their design. The objective of this research was to assess the performance of 388 full-scale WSP systems located in Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia and the United ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • MBBR Helps Seafood manufacturer meet regulatory requirements

    Abstract Seafood processor in Manta Ecuador has a high strength wastewater with TSS as high as 20,000 mg/l, FOG 700 mg/l, COD of 13,000 mg/l and BOD of 6,000 mg/l. Wastewater is discharged into Pacific Ocean across the street from the factory. Current treatment plant produces effluent with TSS of 150 mg/l, FOG of 80 mg/l, COD of 800 mg/l and BOD of 400 mg/l on average. New laws require that ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Performance and quality analysis of membrane cartridges used in long-term operation

    In this study, operation and maintenance performance in two long-term operating Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) wastewater treatment facilities were investigated. One facility in Japan started its operation in 1999 showed that both effluent BOD and n-hexane extracts were less than 5 mg/L, and a cumulative replacement percentage (CR%) of membrane cartridges was 7.8% as of 2008. Another facility in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Abattoir, commissioning of activated sludge plant case study

    This abattoir’s ancient activated sludge system needed complete refurbishment requiring the aeration tank to be drained. A characteristic of the waste water is its consistently very high ammonia concentration. The activated sludge system has to achieve a final effluent of 20 mg/l BOD, 10 mg/l ammonia and 30 mg/l suspended solids. The authorities required that this standard be ...


    By Bio Systems Europe

  • Floating baffle system improves lagoon efficiency by 90%

    Industries and municipalities that deal with wastewater treatment are concerned with improving the efficiency of their wastewater treatment facilities. Lagoon efficiency, cost effective treatment, and low maintenance are important factors when purchasing treatment upgrades. Environetics, Inc. took these factors inlo consideration when they designed the Director floating baffle System. ...


    By Environetics, Inc.

  • Meat Packer

    Problem: When it was time for a meat packer in Canada to upgrade their dissolved air flotation system, they considered a number of possible replacements. Besides solving their wastewater needs, they needed a unit that would take up little of their valuable space and one that would be also economical to use. Solution: Allowing the company to first screen ...


    By HydroCal Inc.

  • Effect of temperature on the treatment of domestic wastewater with a staged anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor

    A laboratory staged anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor (SAF-MBR) system was applied to the treatment of primary clarifier effluent from a domestic wastewater treatment plant with temperature decreasing from 25 to 10 °C. At all temperatures and with a total hydraulic retention time of 2.3 h, overall chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) removals were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to prepare your WWTP for cold weather

    Being proactive during cold weather can noticeably reduce wastewater treatment plant upsets While most people enjoy the cooler temperatures that come with fall, they can cause a well-running wastewater treatment plant to have issues almost overnight. Bacteria do not reduce BOD or reproduce as effectively during the colder months of the year. They generally favor temperatures between 68 and ...

  • Effect of recirculation on organic matter removal in a hybrid constructed wetland system

    This research project aimed to determine the technologically feasible and applicable wastewater treatment systems which will be constructed to solve environmental problems caused by small communities in Turkey. Pilot-scale treatment of a small community's wastewater was performed over a period of more than 2 years in order to show applicability of these systems. The present study involves removal ...


    By IWA Publishing

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