BOD 30 Articles

  • Measuring Short-Term BOD

    Measurement of oxygen uptake rates in activated sludge processes is essential to their satisfactory operation. Traditionally, oxygen uptake rates (OUR) have been determined by using a dissolved oxygen probe to measure the change in dissolved oxygen in a BOD bottle. While this method is rapid, it provides only a snapshot, at a single point in time, of the oxygen uptake rate reaction in a treatment ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Mixing To Enhance Facultative Wastewater Lagoon Treatment

    SolarBee® & GridBee® Are Leading The Way In most lagoons, sunlight causes a hard stratification at 12 to 18 inches of depth.  The top water is warmer and thick algae populations are producing supersaturated dissolved oxygen (DO).  The DO gasses off at the surface and is not readily available deeper in the pond for use by BOD-reducing bacteria. Meanwhile new ...


    By Medora Corporation

  • A wastewater plant bio-augmentation success

    Rosethorne WWTP is located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, just west of New Orleans. The plant was constructed in the mid-1990s with a design capacity of 400,000 GPD. Today, the average daily flow through the plant is approximately 250,000 GPD. During Hurricane Katrina, in 2005, the plant suffered considerable damage to its mechanical infrastructure, and even after repairs, its effluent was ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Effect of test concentration in ready biodegradability test for chemical substances: Improvement of OECD test guideline 301C

    In Japan, understanding the environmental persistence of chemicals is very important for risk assessment, and ready biodegradability tests are mainly conducted according to the Organisation for Economic Co‐operation and Development Test Guideline 301C (TG301C). However, the highest test concentration specified in TG301C, 100 mg/L, may cause microbial toxicity and incomplete biodegradation. We ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Two different purification systems at Istanbul-Tuzla and Adana-Kozan, their characterizations

    In most developed countries, wastewater treatment plants are presently utilizing efficient purification technology meeting the sufficiency requirements of quality and quantity. However, in developing countries, the number of wastewater treatment plants is limited. As a result, the establishment of a connection between the wastewater collection system and wastewater purification plants is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Montemorelos wastewater plant case study

    Performance History and Discussion In-Pipe Technology Company, Inc. was selected with goals to improve the biological treatment capacity at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) without capital expansion of the current facility. Due to the inability to make a capital investment to expand unit operations and processes, a municipal treatment plant in Montemorelos can not meet the needs of a ...

  • Advanced Lagoon Treatment Technologies for Wastewater Treatment

    Lagoon-based wastewater treatment systems are popular around the world for their simplicity and cost-effectiveness. However, these systems are unable to reliably remove biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total suspended solids (TSS) to less than 30 mg/L or achieve nitrification during winter months in cold climates. Several innovative modifications have been developed, which have the potential ...

  • MBBR Helps Seafood manufacturer meet regulatory requirements

    Abstract Seafood processor in Manta Ecuador has a high strength wastewater with TSS as high as 20,000 mg/l, FOG 700 mg/l, COD of 13,000 mg/l and BOD of 6,000 mg/l. Wastewater is discharged into Pacific Ocean across the street from the factory. Current treatment plant produces effluent with TSS of 150 mg/l, FOG of 80 mg/l, COD of 800 mg/l and BOD of 400 mg/l on average. New laws require that ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Abattoir, commissioning of activated sludge plant case study

    This abattoir’s ancient activated sludge system needed complete refurbishment requiring the aeration tank to be drained. A characteristic of the waste water is its consistently very high ammonia concentration. The activated sludge system has to achieve a final effluent of 20 mg/l BOD, 10 mg/l ammonia and 30 mg/l suspended solids. The authorities required that this standard be ...


    By Bio Systems Europe

  • The Re-habilitation of 43 Year Old Waste Lagoons

    In 1967 the City of Concordia, MO built a segmented lagoon system to handle the small town's waste requirements. The main industry in Concordia is a Tyson renderings plant, and the lagoon system was designed to also handle that plant's final waste and water polishing requirements. The lagoon system was a relatively standard design, consisting of an 18.7 acre primary lagoon, a 5.6 acre secondary, ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Effect of temperature on the treatment of domestic wastewater with a staged anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor

    A laboratory staged anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor (SAF-MBR) system was applied to the treatment of primary clarifier effluent from a domestic wastewater treatment plant with temperature decreasing from 25 to 10 °C. At all temperatures and with a total hydraulic retention time of 2.3 h, overall chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) removals were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Viltra IWOX systems engineered by DMT - The next standard in small scale wastewater treatment

    Abstract Both technology and environmental awareness drive legislation for wastewater treatment. Now, the leap from 20/30 (BOD: Biological oxygen demand, mg/l / SS: suspended solids, mg/l) to 10/10 or even 5/5 is possible due to a different design approach. For years, the sewage treatment plant market was dominated by systems from (septic) tank suppliers, but now an engineering company ...

  • Temporary treatment systems for large construction site in Stratford, East London

    Filter refurbishment program for 2000 site workers/staff Site Contractor: Natta Building Company Peak flow to treatment: 10.5l/s Designed consent standard: 20 mg/l BOD, 30 mg/l TSS & 10 mg/l NH4 Maximum incoming BOD: 380 mg/l Maximum incoming NH4: 50 mg/l Units supplied: 4 off 300pe GRP units 1 off 750pe steel unit 2 off HB50 Lamella settling tanks (primary and ...


    By WPL Ltd

  • Case study - Industrial ASBR wastewater treatment facility, India

    This two (2) basin ASBR facility near Mumbai, receives a variety of industrial wastewaters collected from many factories and chemical production facilities. The 10,000 m3/d wastewater plant comprises flow metering, chemical treatment,  pH correction, flow splitting, flow equalization with aeration, chemical precipitation and lamella plate clarification, two (2) basin ASBR biological ...

  • Greywater characterization and handling practices among urban households in Ghana: the case of three communities in Kumasi Metropolis

    Greywater management in Ghana receives little or no attention although untreated greywater is associated with environmental and public health risks. This paper assesses greywater characteristics and handling practices among urban households in three selected communities in Kumasi, the second largest city of Ghana. The study involved in-depth surveys (interviews and observations) with 90 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Temporary treatment systems for large construction site in Stratford, East London case study

    Posted March 2009 by WPL Limited Filter refurbishment program for 2000 site workers/staff Site Contractor: Natta Building Company Peak flow to treatment: 10.5l/s Designed consent standard: 20 mg/l BOD, 30 mg/l TSS & 10 mg/l NH4 Maximum incoming BOD: 380 mg/l Maximum incoming NH4: 50 mg/l Units supplied: 4 off 300pe GRP ...


    By WPL Ltd

  • The Role of Activated Sludge Solids in an Actiflo® System

    ABSTRACTThis research was conducted using jar tests to investigate the impact of adding activated sludge solids to the Actiflo® process, a high-rate clarification (HRC) system, to increase BOD removal in HRC systems treating raw wastewater during periods of high wet-weather flows (WWF). A study of dosages and impacts of ferric sulfate, polymer, microsand and activated sludge on performance of the ...

  • Applications of ozone for modern wastewater treatment

    Modern Wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTPs) efficiently eliminate organic pollution down to Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Suspended Solids (SS) values of less than 30 mg/l. However, these treated effluents still contain biologically Persistent Organic Matter (POM), characterised by a Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of between 50 and more than 100 mg/l. Industrial WWTP effluents have COD ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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