BOD determination Articles

  • A dimensionless approach for the determination of BOD first–order model coefficients

    A new method based on a dimensionless analysis of the BOD first order model is used to determine the model coefficients (k and L). Curves for the theoretical first order model for the first five days of BOD divided by the theoretical BOD5 for different k values are drawn. The experimental BOD1 through BOD5 are made dimensionless by dividing them with the experimental BOD5. These values are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation and comparison of methods used for the determination of BOD first-order model coefficients

    Different methods used for the determination of BOD first-order model coefficients were evaluated and compared in terms of their prediction of the first order model equation. Usually, these methods were compared in terms of their prediction of the experimental data obtained in the laboratory, not the first order equation. The least square method, Thomas method, Fujimoto method, and a new method ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring Short-Term BOD

    Measurement of oxygen uptake rates in activated sludge processes is essential to their satisfactory operation. Traditionally, oxygen uptake rates (OUR) have been determined by using a dissolved oxygen probe to measure the change in dissolved oxygen in a BOD bottle. While this method is rapid, it provides only a snapshot, at a single point in time, of the oxygen uptake rate reaction in a treatment ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Investigation of High BOD in Final Plant Effluent

    The Detroit WWTP had experienced intermittent high BOD in the dechlorinated final plant effluent from September 2003 to October 2004 and was not related to wet weather events. No NPDES violations occurred. A short-term cost effective laboratory investigation was initiated during the months that the intermittent high BOD values were occurring to determine possible causes. The results of the ...

  • Biodegradability of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen: Adaptation of the BOD Test

    To prevent eutrophication in receiving waters, many astewater treatment plants are being firected by regulatory agencies to achieve very low levels of total nitrogen (3-4 mg/L TN or lower) in the effluent. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) component is included within these total nitrogen limits. The regulations assume that DON is completely biodegradable, and therefore needs to be included in any ...

  • In-Situ® RDO® Methods for Analysis of BOD, CBOD, and DO

    Background — Dissolved Oxygen Measurement Since the publication of the Winkler method for measuring dissolved oxygen (DO) (Winkler 1888), the analysis of DO levels for water has been key to determining surface water purity and ecological wellness. The Winkler method is still one of only two analytical techniques used to calibrate oxygen electrode meters, the other procedure being based ...


    By In-Situ, Inc.

  • Q-PAC® supports biological growth for BOD reduction

    Patented Bioreactor uses Q-PAC Randomly Packed Media in Application of Specific Bacterial Cultures for Treating High Strength Industrial Waste for BOD and Odor Reduction in a Cheese Manufacturing Plant A cheese manufacturer in Upstate New York with one three million gallon lagoon is testing a bioreactor (TVTBIO 32) from TVT US Corporation. The concept is essentially the same as bacteria eating ...


    By Lantec Products, Inc.

  • What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

    Ask the expert: What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)? Answer: Both COD and BOD test methods aim to give an indication of the amount of pollution in a water sample. COD is the amount of oxygen required to chemically breakdown the pollutants whereas BOD is the amount of oxygen ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • The increasing importance of assessing toxicity in determining sludge health and management policy

    The harm caused by toxic industrial effluents to sewage treatment works, has been recognised for many years. These can cause reduction in biodegradable efficiency, with an associated requirement for longer treatment time, and in extreme cases, toxic shock can kill off the secondary tanks. Currently, the presence of harmful industrial effluents is made evident by their effects ...

  • Tomato Processor Pilot Bioreactor

    98% Average Reduction in BOD & TSS A tomato processing facility was required by the city to reduce BOD from 4,000 ppm to 200 ppm. Integrated Engineers proposed a small scale Bioreactor to prove the effectiveness of the activated sludge process on the customer’s wastewater as well as establishing the parameters for a full scale system design. The trailer mounted ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Flow-rate and pollution characteristics of domestic wastewater

    The characteristics of the flow-rate and pollution parameters of the domestic wastewater of a medium-size city (Sivas, Turkey) have been investigated. The design and the operating parameters of a wastewater treatment plant appropriate to such a settlement were also studied. Daily and monthly flow-rate measurements and wastewater samples were taken at the outlet. Peak values of the flow-rate were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Can trickling filters be used in a BNR process?

    Nitrogen and phosphorus are nutrients in a wastewater treatment system. A Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) process removes either portions of the influent total nitrogen through denitrification or portions of the influent phosphorus through anaerobic selection or both. In a BNR process, ammonia is ultimately converted to nitrogen gas, not just nitrate or nitrite. If you have requirements for ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • Treatment of high organic content wastewater from food-processing industry with the French vertical flow constructed wetland system

    This study aimed at determining the treatment performances of a full-scale vertical flow constructed wetlands designed to treat wastewater from a food-processing industry (cookie factory), and to study the influence of the organic loading rate. The full-scale treatment plant was designed with a first vertical stage of 630 m², a second vertical stage of 473 m² equipped with a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodegradable organic matter in domestic wastewaters: comparison of selected fractionation techniques

    The first objective of this work was to evaluate the ability of the long-term BOD tests to provide the total biodegradable COD (BCOD) for domestic wastewaters. Results show that the method is repeatable (using two different volume samples, 97 and 164 mL) and that the fractions of BCOD determined were not statistically different from the one obtained by respirometry (at low S/X ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An Investigation into the Water Quality of the Charleston Peninsula Storm Drains

    Since the late 1980’s, the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) has expressed concern over extremely high fecal coliform counts found in several of the many storm drains that discharge from peninsular Charleston (City of Charleston, 1998). Although the City of Charleston is responsible for the fifty-plus storm drains, Charleston Water System wants to determine if ...

  • A wastewater plant bio-augmentation success

    Rosethorne WWTP is located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, just west of New Orleans. The plant was constructed in the mid-1990s with a design capacity of 400,000 GPD. Today, the average daily flow through the plant is approximately 250,000 GPD. During Hurricane Katrina, in 2005, the plant suffered considerable damage to its mechanical infrastructure, and even after repairs, its effluent was ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Montemorelos wastewater plant case study

    Performance History and Discussion In-Pipe Technology Company, Inc. was selected with goals to improve the biological treatment capacity at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) without capital expansion of the current facility. Due to the inability to make a capital investment to expand unit operations and processes, a municipal treatment plant in Montemorelos can not meet the needs of a ...

  • Compost Leachate Pond Bioremediation Case Study - Composting Facility, Northern California

    Our client runs a composting facility that receives green waste, food waste and other compostable material from residential and commercial sources, to create rich, black compost Challenge As part of the facility, the compost leachate pond has repeatedly experienced problems with the incoming influent high chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ...

  • Treatment of polluted river water by a new constructed wetland

    Abstract: A new constructed wetland was built to purify one polluted river in Taiwan, and this study was conducted to evaluate the treatment efficiency of the wetland. Due to the very limitation of available budget, several water quality items, which were stipulated by Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Administration for rivers, in the influent and effluent of wetland were analyzed and ...

  • Efficiency analysis of effluents treatment plants of different industries at Kalurghat – Port City of Bangladesh

    The study was executed at Kalurghat industrial area to determine the efficiency of effluent treatment plants by testing different physicochemical parameters. Results revealed that only 3 out of 9 industries treated their effluents efficiently and discharged following the standards of Department of Environment. The remaining industries viz. Alfa Textile treated their effluent but the values of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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