BOD testing Articles

  • Biodegradable organic matter in domestic wastewaters: comparison of selected fractionation techniques

    The first objective of this work was to evaluate the ability of the long-term BOD tests to provide the total biodegradable COD (BCOD) for domestic wastewaters. Results show that the method is repeatable (using two different volume samples, 97 and 164 mL) and that the fractions of BCOD determined were not statistically different from the one obtained by respirometry (at low S/X ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • With BOD, What You See is Often Not What You Get: The Difficulty with Accurate Testing for BOD in Industrial Stormwater Runoff.

    Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is a measure of the amount of dissolved oxygen used by microorganisms to break down organic material in a sample of water. As they do so, these microorganisms deplete the amount of dissolved oxygen in the water, which can be deadly for aquatic species like fish that rely on dissolved oxygen to live. Because of this hazard to aquatic life, BOD is considered an ...


    By Newterra

  • Biodegradability of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen: Adaptation of the BOD Test

    To prevent eutrophication in receiving waters, many astewater treatment plants are being firected by regulatory agencies to achieve very low levels of total nitrogen (3-4 mg/L TN or lower) in the effluent. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) component is included within these total nitrogen limits. The regulations assume that DON is completely biodegradable, and therefore needs to be included in any ...

  • Real Time COD and BOD Monitoring in a Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant - Case Study

    Introduction A municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) located in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) currently utilizes Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) from a 24-hour composite sample to monitor their discharge to Lake Ontario and meet compliance standards. The Challenge The BOD method run on the 24-hour composite from the final effluent of the WWTP is a 5-day ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Monitoring outfalls to Bathing Waters - Case study

    Bathing Water Catchment monitoring Date:2010 Location: Bude Cornwall UK Purpose: To carry out a river survey identifying potential pollution sources and their likely impact on bathing waters downstream. Background STS and the Environment Agency have, for some time, been discussing the issue of monitoring water courses which discharge directly into bathing waters. Of ...

  • Modelling a full scale membrane bioreactor using Activated Sludge Model No.1: challenges and solutions

    A full-scale membrane bioreactor (1,600 m3 d−1) was monitored for modelling purposes during the summer of 2006. A complete calibration of the ASM1 model is presented, in which the key points were the wastewater characterisation, the oxygen transfer and the biomass kinetics. Total BOD tests were not able to correctly estimate the biodegradable fraction of the wastewater. Therefore the wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real time chemical oxygen demand monitoring - Case Study

    Introduction A municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) located in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) currently utilizes Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) from a 24-hour composite sample to monitor their discharge to Lake Ontario and meet compliance standards. The Challenge The BOD method run on the 24-hour composite from the final effluent of the WWTP is a ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Mixing To Enhance Facultative Wastewater Lagoon Treatment

    SolarBee® & GridBee® Are Leading The Way In most lagoons, sunlight causes a hard stratification at 12 to 18 inches of depth.  The top water is warmer and thick algae populations are producing supersaturated dissolved oxygen (DO).  The DO gasses off at the surface and is not readily available deeper in the pond for use by BOD-reducing bacteria. Meanwhile new ...


    By Medora Corporation

  • What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)?

    Ask the expert: What are the differences between Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)? Answer: Both COD and BOD test methods aim to give an indication of the amount of pollution in a water sample. COD is the amount of oxygen required to chemically breakdown the pollutants whereas BOD is the amount of oxygen ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Utilizing predictive BOD via the peCOD method for Nutrient Optimization in Wastewater Treatment

    Canfor have been successfully employing the fast peCOD chemical oxygen demand (COD) method for improved effluent control and savings at the Prince George, BC Mills.  Having realized improved efficiency, the next step was to optimize nutrient feeds.  Canfor have developed a PeCOD/BOD correlation for the basin inlet sample point to predict inlet BOD concentration. From there a BOD:N:P ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Effect of test concentration in ready biodegradability test for chemical substances: Improvement of OECD test guideline 301C

    In Japan, understanding the environmental persistence of chemicals is very important for risk assessment, and ready biodegradability tests are mainly conducted according to the Organisation for Economic Co‐operation and Development Test Guideline 301C (TG301C). However, the highest test concentration specified in TG301C, 100 mg/L, may cause microbial toxicity and incomplete biodegradation. We ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Using UV Fluorescence technology to monitor for organic pollutants in Flood Water

    For many years the water industry has relied on traditional sampling techniques to monitor water quality in a wide range of environments.  Traditional tests such as BOD, PH, Dissolved Oxygen and Ammonia have formed the bedrock of monitoring parameters.  There is however other ways to establish water quality and UV fluorescence offers an up to date solution for the investigation of ...

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • Results of trials to remove BOD/COD from effluent arising from cellulosic fibre production case study

    A man-made natural fibre producer had produced a new high strength, fibrillated cellulosic fibre derived from wood pulp destined for use in garment manufacture. As a result of the IPC authorisation attached to the production of this product it became necessary to establish the biodegradability of various effluent streams leaving the production plant. In order to evaluate the feasibility of ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

  • SMF4 case study 2

    Sewer Misconnection Survey Date: March 2010 Location: Edgebaston Birmingham UK Purpose: To test the application of the SMF4 portable fluorimeter in the detection and quantification of organic pollution from faecal matter in Surface water Sewers. Background STS was invited independently by the Environment Agency and Severn ...

  • Error analysis for river water quality prediction using back propagation modelling

    The purpose of this research is to describe the errors of Back Propagation (BP) technique that could be applied in river water quality prediction. ANN was trained by using the upriver data to forecast the downriver quality in two approaches of long-distance forecasting and short-distance forecasting respectively. It showed that the predicted results from short-distance approach were more accurate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • SMF4 case study 3

    Bathing Water Catchment monitoring Date:2010 Location: Bude Cornwall UK Purpose: To carry out a river survey identifying potential pollution sources and their likely impact on bathing waters downstream. Background STS and the Environment Agency have, for some time, been discussing the issue of monitoring water courses which ...

  • Light Industrial Laundry

    A smaller laundry treating 30,000 gallons/day of wastewater was using conventional chemistry with sulfuric acid to drop the pH to 7.5, addition of a coagulant, and a flocculent. The facility has been under pressure from the POTW to reduce the electroconductivity (EC) levels. Past analytical data has shown that the EC levels have averaged 2,100 μohms/cm from the addition of the laundry ...


    By Integrated Engineers Inc.

  • Measuring Short-Term BOD

    Measurement of oxygen uptake rates in activated sludge processes is essential to their satisfactory operation. Traditionally, oxygen uptake rates (OUR) have been determined by using a dissolved oxygen probe to measure the change in dissolved oxygen in a BOD bottle. While this method is rapid, it provides only a snapshot, at a single point in time, of the oxygen uptake rate reaction in a treatment ...


    By Challenge Technology

  • Alaska - Anadarko Oil Camp case study

    The "North Slope" of Alaska is one of the harshest environments in the world to survive in, let alone work in, on a daily basis. Temperatures can reach -70 degrees F and wind chill factors can reach -100 degrees F. The "Slope" is home to thousands of oilfield workers, many of who live in portable camps located in extremely remote locations. In such an environment, equipment must be reliable, ...


    By Quanics Incorporated

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