bod5 Articles

  • Study of Raw Wastewater BOD5 and cBOD5 Relationship Yields Surprising Results

    A study of the relationship of the raw wastewater BOD5:cBOD5 ratio was conducted at three wastewater treatment plants across the United States. Gwinnett County, Georgia; King County, Washington; and Littleton-Englewood, Colorado conducted a 3-month study using side-by-side samplers. The purpose of the study was to determine if cleaning wetted sampler parts routinely affected the ratio. One of the ...

  • A study on the relationship between BOD5 and COD in a coastal seawater environment with a rapid BOD measurement system

    The dual objectives of this study are to: (1) examine the relationship between COD and BOD in seawater environment with a rapid but reliable method for the measurement of BOD in seawater, and (2) establish the relationship model between BOD5 and COD in the firth of Dongbao River to predict the values of BOD5. The first objective is met by the successful development of a technique utilizing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cambridge Water Technology uses BioMag to increase capacity at brewery

    The Long Trail Brewing Company’s wastewater treatment plant was designed to treat high strength wastewater with a BOD5 concentration of approximately 10,000 mg/L. The original treatment capacity was 500 lb/day of BOD5. AsLong Trail’s future plans called for increases in production volume that would soon outgrow the brewery’s wastewater treatment capacity, they needed to find a cost effective ...


  • High Rate Clarifier Start-up and Operation in Shreveport, Louisiana

     ABSTRACT In 2004, the city of Shreveport received permits from the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to construct and operate a high rate clarifier (HRC) at both the North Regional and Lucas wastewater treatment plants. The HRC provides wastewater treatment for flow in excess of the peak plant capacities. Each HRC unit uses ...

  • Updating a model of pulp and paper wastewater treatment in a partial-mix aerated stabilization basin system

    A relatively simple set of calculations was presented in 1994 to evaluate the effectiveness of each ASB cell as reactor, clarifier, and digester. The steady-state model, which incorporated estimates of solids settling and benthal feedback of BOD5 and nutrients, has been a reasonable diagnostic tool for municipal and industrial applications. Results have aided in understanding normal system ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Classification of contaminants and treatability evaluation of domestic wastewater

    Long-term sampling and analysis were conducted in a domestic wastewater treatment plant for the investigation on the characteristics of the representative contaminants in raw sewage such as SS, COD, BOD5, TP, and TN. All these constituents were classified into dissolved and suspended groups by using a 0.45-μm membrane filter, and the concentration of each constituent in each group was ...


    By Springer

  • The Role of Activated Sludge Solids in an Actiflo® System

    ABSTRACTThis research was conducted using jar tests to investigate the impact of adding activated sludge solids to the Actiflo® process, a high-rate clarification (HRC) system, to increase BOD removal in HRC systems treating raw wastewater during periods of high wet-weather flows (WWF). A study of dosages and impacts of ferric sulfate, polymer, microsand and activated sludge on performance of the ...

  • Operation of a full-scale pumped flow biofilm reactor (PFBR) under two aeration regimes

    A novel technology suitable for centralised and decentralised wastewater treatment has been developed, extensively tested at laboratory-scale, and trialled at a number of sites for populations ranging from 15 to 400 population equivalents (PE). The two-reactor-tank pumped flow biofilm reactor (PFBR) is characterised by: (i) its simple construction; (ii) its ease of operation and maintenance; ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A dimensionless approach for the determination of BOD first–order model coefficients

    A new method based on a dimensionless analysis of the BOD first order model is used to determine the model coefficients (k and L). Curves for the theoretical first order model for the first five days of BOD divided by the theoretical BOD5 for different k values are drawn. The experimental BOD1 through BOD5 are made dimensionless by dividing them with the experimental BOD5. These values are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coal cinder filtration as pretreatment with biological processes to treat pharmaceutical wastewater

    This study aims at coupling coal cinder filter with biological process to improve pharmaceutical wastewater quality and reduce the disposal cost. In the coal cinder filter, the removal efficiencies of COD, BOD5, SS and color were 90±2%, 72±2%, 95±2% and 80±2%, respectively. The results attribute to the big specific surface area and strong adsorption ability. Coal cinder filter removes a large ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sequential treatment of an old-landfill leachate

    This work investigates the performance of combined techniques applied to the treatment of an old-landfill leachate, which presents high salinity, low biodegradability (BOD5/COD around 0.05) and high ammonia concentration. Three sequences of processes were employed, including coagulation/flocculation, chemical oxidation, biological treatment and ammonia stripping. The association of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • PeCOD Case Study – Industrial Waste Water

    Clean Harbors is an industrial wastewater treatment facility in Guelph, Ontario. The facility utilizes highly refined, chemical precipitation processes, which remove heavy metals, suspended solids, and organics to generate safe effluent for discharge into municipal sewer systems. Wastewater is treated to meet municipal discharge requirements for biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5). Since BOD is a ...


    By MANTECH INC.

  • Performance of a MBR for the treatment of blackwater

    The paper describes the experience gained in operating a membrane bioreactor (MBR) for the treatment of blackwater. Beside a complete characterization of blackwater, operational conditions and removal efficiency concerning parameters such as COD, BOD5, nitrogen and phosphorus as well as microbiological parameters were determined. Furthermore the membrane performance was investigated. The results ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) biosynthesis from kraft mill wastewaters: biomass origin and C:N relationship influence

    The goal of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of PHA biosynthesis from kraft mill effluent using the batch system evaluating the biomass origin and C:N relationship influence. To evaluate feasibility, batch assays were carried out. Also, two levels of the BOD5:N:P relationship (100:5:1 and 100:1:0.2) and three different sludge origins were considered. Inocula were obtained from activated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biologically and Chemically Enhanced Clarification for Improved Treatment of Wet-Weather Flows

    The Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District (MMSD) conducted demonstration testing in 2005 to evaluate high-rate chemically enhanced clarification (CEC) followed by ultraviolet (UV) disinfection, for the treatment of wet-weather flows at MMSD’s two wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). High-rate CEC—surface overflow rates greater than 20 gallons per minute (gpm) per square foot (ft2) [85 cubic ...

  • Experimental investigation of oily wastewater treatment using combined membrane systems

    Investigations were carried out for purification of oily wastewater by a combined of ultrafiltration/reverse osmosis (UF/RO) processes. Laboratory-scale UF using polysulfone (PS) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) membranes were employed with typical oily wastewater collected from API unit of Tehran refinery. The PAN membrane showed higher rejection, more permeation flux and less fouling resistance than ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Maleh stream water quality assessment using Prewat Model

    In this study, water quality of Maleh stream and its effects on Shadegan wetland water quality were evaluated in various intervals using one-dimensional Prewat model(version 2.4). The Prewat model was developed by the Engineering division of US Army corps. The Maleh stream is located 30 kilometer north of Ahvaz city and is discharged into the Shadegan wetland. To perform the study, water quality ...


  • Treatment of polluted river water by a new constructed wetland

    Abstract: A new constructed wetland was built to purify one polluted river in Taiwan, and this study was conducted to evaluate the treatment efficiency of the wetland. Due to the very limitation of available budget, several water quality items, which were stipulated by Taiwan’s Environmental Protection Administration for rivers, in the influent and effluent of wetland were analyzed and ...

  • Purification of pulp and paper mill effluent through Typha and Canna using constructed wetlands technology

    The use of constructed wetlands (CW) to treat domestic as well as industrial wastewater is rapidly emerging as a viable alternative in India. Constructed wetland systems offer several potential advantages as a wastewater treatment process. These advantages include simple operation and maintenance and lower construction and operating costs. The study evaluated the effectiveness of the subsurface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Correlating Biochemical and Chemical Oxygen Demand of Effluents – A Case Study of Selected Industries in Kumasi, Ghana

    Abstract   This work aims at establishing an empirical correlation between Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) of effluents from selected industries in the Kumasi Metropolis to facilitate speedy ...


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